Background Information Old Testament New Testament New Testament (cont.) Gentile Period (cont.)
1-Biblical Jerusalem 16-Salem, Jebus 33-Ashlar Stones 51-Bethesda Pool 68-Saint Anne's Church
2-History of Jerusalem 17-Milo, Jebusite Wall 34-Temple Mount 52-Holy Sepulcher 69-Sultan's Pool
3a-Map of Today's City 18-Gihon Springs 35-NE of End of Wall 53-Garden Tomb 70-Citadel
3b-The Four Quarters 19-City of David 36-SE End of Wall 54-Fort Antonia 71-Colonnade Column
3c-Photos 20-David's Palace 37-Western Wall 55-Phasael Tower  
3d-Silwan 21-Temple Mount 38-West Wall Tunnel 56-Struthion Pool  
4-The Walls Today 22-Solomon's Walls 39-Mikvah, Ritual Baths 57-Gethsemane  
5-The Gates Today 23-Solomon's Quarries 40-The Large Mikvah 58-Tombs in Hinnom Miscellaneous
6-Archaeology Periods 24-Broad Wall 41-Wilson's Arch 59-Jerusalem Tombs Archaeological Finds
7-Archaeology History 25-Hezekiah's Tunnel 42-Warren's Gate Gentile Period Jason's Tomb
8-Old Ancient Core 26-Middle Gate 43-Barclay's Gate 60-Ecce Homo Lazarus' Tomb
9-Kidron Valley 27-Nehemiah's Wall 44-Robinson's Arch 61-Roman Inscription Tomb of David
10-Central Valley Hasmonean 45-Western Wall Street 62-Cardo Maximus Via Dolorosa
11-Hinnom Valley 28-Walls and Towers 46-Western Wall Shops 63-Roman Road Hezekiah's Pool
12-Mount of Olives 29-Aqueduct 47-South Temple Wall 64-Nea Church  
13-Mount Moriah 30-Acra 48-Archaeology Park 65-Al Aqsa Mosque  
14-Western Hill Mt Zion 31-Temple Mount 49-Siloam Road 66-Dome of the Rock  
15-Ophel 32-Tombs in Kidron 50-Siloam Pool 67-Temple Mount  
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34- Judeo-Christian Synagogue (Tomb of David)

Tomb of David, or cenotaph of David, was misidentified in the 1100’s. An early Judeo-Christian synagogue on Mount Zion that is mistakenly called David’s Tomb but it is really the cenotaph of David (Cenotaph means a place of memorial without the remains of the person). It was called this because in the 1100’s it was believed the original city of David was on the western hill since it is higher than the eastern hill. The Bible says David was buried in the City of David. Archaeologist of the 1800’s correctly identified that the original city was on the eastern hill. This means that tradition based on inaccurate information was the reason for identifying this as David’s tomb

The Crusaders rebuilt the building at this location and added a second floor. This mistakenly became known as the upper room of the last supper. In 1948 a bomb hit the building. When the buildings original construction and foundation was examined niches in the wall six feet above the ancient floor were discovered. These niches matched the niches found in other ancient synagogues. It is now believed that this was an ancient synagogue used by first century Jews who had accepted Jesus. These Judeo-Christians would have met in this synagogue for their “church” services. This building is considered to be the church of the apostles and may have been where the last supper was held and where the disciples met in Acts chapter 1 and 2. The original building has been reconstructed in drawings based on the remaining stones added to this building. Portions of four of the bottom rows of ashlars in this building appear to have been moved over from the remains of Herod’s temple.

 

 

   

JERUSALEM: HISTORY, ARCHAEOLOGY AND
APOLOGETIC PROOF OF SCRIPTURE

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