Background Information Old Testament New Testament New Testament (cont.) Gentile Period (cont.)
1-Biblical Jerusalem 16-Salem, Jebus 33-Ashlar Stones 51-Bethesda Pool 68-Saint Anne's Church
2-History of Jerusalem 17-Milo, Jebusite Wall 34-Temple Mount 52-Holy Sepulcher 69-Sultan's Pool
3a-Map of Today's City 18-Gihon Springs 35-NE of End of Wall 53-Garden Tomb 70-Citadel
3b-The Four Quarters 19-City of David 36-SE End of Wall 54-Fort Antonia 71-Colonnade Column
3c-Photos 20-David's Palace 37-Western Wall 55-Phasael Tower  
3d-Silwan 21-Temple Mount 38-West Wall Tunnel 56-Struthion Pool  
4-The Walls Today 22-Solomon's Walls 39-Mikvah, Ritual Baths 57-Gethsemane  
5-The Gates Today 23-Solomon's Quarries 40-The Large Mikvah 58-Tombs in Hinnom Miscellaneous
6-Archaeology Periods 24-Broad Wall 41-Wilson's Arch 59-Jerusalem Tombs Archaeological Finds
7-Archaeology History 25-Hezekiah's Tunnel 42-Warren's Gate Gentile Period Jason's Tomb
8-Old Ancient Core 26-Middle Gate 43-Barclay's Gate 60-Ecce Homo Lazarus' Tomb
9-Kidron Valley 27-Nehemiah's Wall 44-Robinson's Arch 61-Roman Inscription Tomb of David
10-Central Valley Hasmonean 45-Western Wall Street 62-Cardo Maximus Via Dolorosa
11-Hinnom Valley 28-Walls and Towers 46-Western Wall Shops 63-Roman Road Hezekiah's Pool
12-Mount of Olives 29-Aqueduct 47-South Temple Wall 64-Nea Church  
13-Mount Moriah 30-Acra 48-Archaeology Park 65-Al Aqsa Mosque  
14-Western Hill Mt Zion 31-Temple Mount 49-Siloam Road 66-Dome of the Rock  
15-Ophel 32-Tombs in Kidron 50-Siloam Pool 67-Temple Mount  
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36- South-east End of the Eastern Wall


This is the southern end of the eastern city wall. It is clear where the Hasmoneans added on to Solomon's walls since there is a slight bend in the wall at this
location. It is also very clear where Herod added onto the Hasmonean walls since the blocks do not overlap but instead have a straight joint where Herod’s ashlar
blocks butt up against the Hasmonean blocks. This portion of the east wall also serves as the east side of the Temple Mount wall. The dotted white line across
the surface of the Temple Mount indicates where Solomon’s platform (500 cubits by 500 cubits) would have ended in the south. The dotted black line across
the surface is how far the Hasmoneans extended the Temple Mount to the south. This would have covered over a portion of the Seleucid Acra fortress. Herod
then extended the Temple from the dotted black line (or, the straight joint) to the present southern wall which includes the Double and Triple Gate. This is the Beautiful Gate where Peter healed the crippled
beggar in Acts 3.


View of the Eastern Wall from Mount Olive looking over the Kidron Valley.

 


There are several things to notice in this photo:

  1. Galyn points at the Straight Joint that was formed when Herod added onto the southern side of the Temple
    Mount in 19 BC. The Hasmonean ashlar stones can be seen on the right with their margins and their course
    bosses. To the left of the straight joint Herodian ashlar stones can be seen. The Herodian ashlars also have a
    margin cut on them, but the bosses have been cut smooth.
  2. The Hasmonean stones were clearly built as a corner, since the corner edge was worn off and chipped before
    it was enclosed into the wall in 19 BC. This is also clear from the fact that the stones were laid as headers and
    stretchers (i.e., the direction of the longer length of the stones alternate as they go up the corner). For example,
    the stone behind Galyn’s head is long on the outside, but the one above it runs long to the inside.
  3. Notice that once the wall reaches about the ninth course the stones change and the seam is no longer visible.
    This is because this wall was dismantled by the Romans in 70 AD to about that level. Over the years the wall
    above the ninth course has been rebuilt by a variety of people with a variety of stones.
  4. To the left at about the ninth row, the remains of an arch and gate from the days of Herod can be seen. This
    would be very similar in style to Robinson’s arch on the west side of the Temple Mount, directly opposite this one.

 

 


This is the south end of the eastern Temple Mount wall. A stairway led up to a gate that took worshippers to the surface of the Temple Mount. The
projected ashlars to the left (south) of this photo indicate the position of a tower. The location of three windows in the tower can be seen in other photos.

 


This is a close up of the wall above and the location of an eastern arched gate at the top of a stairway. It can be thought of as the eastern wall’s version of Robinson's arch found on the west side.

 

 
 


View of the southeast corner of the Temple Mount.

 


View of the southeast corner of the Temple Mount. This is where Satan tempted Jesus to jump. In 26 AD there would have been a
high tower at the top of this corner.

 


This photo is the view looking north from the southeast corner outside the Temple Mount wall. At the point of the arrow, the wall
bends and begins to drift to the east (right) at the place where the Hasmoneans added onto the existing Temple Mount wall.

 

 
 

 

   

JERUSALEM: HISTORY, ARCHAEOLOGY AND
APOLOGETIC PROOF OF SCRIPTURE

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