Background Information Old Testament New Testament New Testament (cont.) Gentile Period (cont.)
1-Biblical Jerusalem 16-Salem, Jebus 33-Ashlar Stones 51-Bethesda Pool 68-Saint Anne's Church
2-History of Jerusalem 17-Milo, Jebusite Wall 34-Temple Mount 52-Holy Sepulcher 69-Sultan's Pool
3a-Map of Today's City 18-Gihon Springs 35-NE of End of Wall 53-Garden Tomb 70-Citadel
3b-The Four Quarters 19-City of David 36-SE End of Wall 54-Fort Antonia 71-Colonnade Column
3c-Photos 20-David's Palace 37-Western Wall 55-Phasael Tower  
3d-Silwan 21-Temple Mount 38-West Wall Tunnel 56-Struthion Pool  
4-The Walls Today 22-Solomon's Walls 39-Mikvah, Ritual Baths 57-Gethsemane  
5-The Gates Today 23-Solomon's Quarries 40-The Large Mikvah 58-Tombs in Hinnom Miscellaneous
6-Archaeology Periods 24-Broad Wall 41-Wilson's Arch 59-Jerusalem Tombs Archaeological Finds
7-Archaeology History 25-Hezekiah's Tunnel 42-Warren's Gate Gentile Period Jason's Tomb
8-Old Ancient Core 26-Middle Gate 43-Barclay's Gate 60-Ecce Homo Lazarus' Tomb
9-Kidron Valley 27-Nehemiah's Wall 44-Robinson's Arch 61-Roman Inscription Tomb of David
10-Central Valley Hasmonean 45-Western Wall Street 62-Cardo Maximus Via Dolorosa
11-Hinnom Valley 28-Walls and Towers 46-Western Wall Shops 63-Roman Road Hezekiah's Pool
12-Mount of Olives 29-Aqueduct 47-South Temple Wall 64-Nea Church  
13-Mount Moriah 30-Acra 48-Archaeology Park 65-Al Aqsa Mosque  
14-Western Hill Mt Zion 31-Temple Mount 49-Siloam Road 66-Dome of the Rock  
15-Ophel 32-Tombs in Kidron 50-Siloam Pool 67-Temple Mount  
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12- Mount of Olives

The Mount of Olives is a two-mile long ridge, or foot hill, with three summits on it. Just to the east of the Mount of Olives is the wilderness (i.e., desert)
that leads down to Jericho and the Jordan Valley. It is named after the groves of olive trees that grew there in the Old and New Testament times.

David ascended the Mount of Olives when he fled from his son Absalom (2 Samuel 15:30), and Solomon built temples for foreign gods there on what is
called the “Hill of Corruption” in 2 Kings 23:13.

Details of several of Jesus’ activities on the Mount of Olives are recorded in the gospels. This has led to numerous churches being built on these “holy”
sites from the time of the Byzantine Empire in the early days of the church. When Jesus was in Jerusalem he often stayed in Bethany, a village on the
east side of the Mount of Olives, about a two-mile walk southwest of Jerusalem. The walk from Jerusalem to Bethany took Jesus through Gethsemane
and straight up to the summit of the Mount of Olives (then along the ridge), which is today a modern road to Bethphage. Following another ridge, the road
then leads into Bethany. It is believed that the Jewish Messiah will appear on the Mount of Olives. This belief has led centuries of Jews dating back to
the Old Testament to place their graves here.

On that day his feet will stand on the Mount of Olives, east of Jerusalem, and the Mount of Olives
will be split in two from east to west, forming a great valley. - Zechariah 14:4


The three summits of the Mount of Olives can be seen.


The glory of the Lord went up from within the city and stopped above the mountain east of it. - Ezekiel 11:23

Then the man brought me to the gate facing east, and I saw the glory of the God of Israel coming from the east. - Ezekiel 43:1, 2

Jesus seemed to accept this teaching and testified to it by ascending back into heaven from the Mount of Olives. His ascension was followed by the confirming
statement of the angels that Jesus would return the same way he left.

When he had led them out to the vicinity of Bethany, he lifted up his hands and blessed them.While he was blessing them, he left them and was
taken up into heaven. - Luke 24:50

After he said this, he was taken up before their very eyes, and a cloud hid him from their sight. They were looking intently up into the sky as he
was going, when suddenly to men dressed in white stood beside them. “Men of Galilee,” they said, “why do you stand here looking into the sky? This
same Jesus, who has been taken from you into heaven, will come back in the same way you have seen him go into heaven.” Then they returned to
Jerusalem from the hill called the Mount of Olives. - Acts 1:9-12

Considering this information,

  1. the support of Old Testament prophecy,
  2. the confirmation of Jesus by his ascension, and
  3. the words of the angels,

it is clear that Jesus, the Messiah, will return to the Mount of Olives and enter the new Temple in Jerusalem.


An ancient olive tree on the Mount of Olives in the Garden of Gethsemane.


View of Jewish graves on the west side of the Mount of Olives.


Looking down the west side of the Mount of Olives into the Kidron Valley.

Looking towards the east at the west side of the Mount of Olives.
 
   

JERUSALEM: HISTORY, ARCHAEOLOGY AND
APOLOGETIC PROOF OF SCRIPTURE

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