Background Information Old Testament New Testament New Testament (cont.) Gentile Period (cont.)
1-Biblical Jerusalem 16-Salem, Jebus 33-Ashlar Stones 51-Bethesda Pool 68-Saint Anne's Church
2-History of Jerusalem 17-Milo, Jebusite Wall 34-Temple Mount 52-Holy Sepulcher 69-Sultan's Pool
3a-Map of Today's City 18-Gihon Springs 35-NE of End of Wall 53-Garden Tomb 70-Citadel
3b-The Four Quarters 19-City of David 36-SE End of Wall 54-Fort Antonia 71-Colonnade Column
3c-Photos 20-David's Palace 37-Western Wall 55-Phasael Tower  
3d-Silwan 21-Temple Mount 38-West Wall Tunnel 56-Struthion Pool  
4-The Walls Today 22-Solomon's Walls 39-Mikvah, Ritual Baths 57-Gethsemane  
5-The Gates Today 23-Solomon's Quarries 40-The Large Mikvah 58-Tombs in Hinnom Miscellaneous
6-Archaeology Periods 24-Broad Wall 41-Wilson's Arch 59-Jerusalem Tombs Archaeological Finds
7-Archaeology History 25-Hezekiah's Tunnel 42-Warren's Gate Gentile Period Jason's Tomb
8-Old Ancient Core 26-Middle Gate 43-Barclay's Gate 60-Ecce Homo Lazarus' Tomb
9-Kidron Valley 27-Nehemiah's Wall 44-Robinson's Arch 61-Roman Inscription Tomb of David
10-Central Valley Hasmonean 45-Western Wall Street 62-Cardo Maximus Via Dolorosa
11-Hinnom Valley 28-Walls and Towers 46-Western Wall Shops 63-Roman Road Hezekiah's Pool
12-Mount of Olives 29-Aqueduct 47-South Temple Wall 64-Nea Church  
13-Mount Moriah 30-Acra 48-Archaeology Park 65-Al Aqsa Mosque  
14-Western Hill Mt Zion 31-Temple Mount 49-Siloam Road 66-Dome of the Rock  
15-Ophel 32-Tombs in Kidron 50-Siloam Pool 67-Temple Mount  
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3b- The Four Quarters of the Old City
The Old City of Jerusalem is divided into four quarters:
1- Jewish Quarter 2- Muslim Quarter 3- Armenian Quarter 4- Christian Quarter
The Jewish Quarter - is located just west of the Western Wall (back to top). The Jewish Quarter is a thriving modern community with more than 1,000 families. It has been rebuilt out of the rubble that was left from Jordanian occupation of the area from 1948 until the Six Day War of 1967. Since the destruction was severe, the Jews who returned to the Old City in 1967 excavated the quarter’s archaeological remains first and then built their city over, around and beside the ancient
discoveries. Today there are numerous synagogues and schools for Jewish studies, along with contemporary shops and restaurants up and down the streets. The ancient Roman Cardo Street (135 AD) with its old Byzantine bazaar (325 AD) has been preserved and is filled with trendy new businesses that sell a wide variety of items, including original art work by local artists.
A bookstore with Jewish t-shirts, jewelry, photos, etc. located just west of the Western Wall. It is the Jewish version of a Christian bookstore. I spent a couple hours on two different occasions talking to the owner. He has written two books.
 
A friendly Orthodox Jew who approached me to talk and volunteered to exchange photos at the Western Wall. Notice the Herodian Ashlar stones in the wall behind him. The thin partition wall on the right side of the photo seperates the men and women's side of the Prayer Plaza.
Galyn, Ryan and Jenn talking in the streets of the Jewish Quarter in Jerusalem.
 
Here we are at a Jewish cafe in the Jewish Quarter.
Class at mid-night on the prayer plaza at the Western Wall.
   
Israeli police and IDF (Israeli Defense Force) leave the West Wall Plaza in the Jewish Quarter.
   

Muslim Quarter (back to top)

The Muslim Quarter is the largest and most populated of the four quarters in the Old City. Developed by Herod the Great, organized by the Christian ByzantineEmpire, and then occupied by the Christian Crusaders, even this section is full of Churches and Christian shrines. The main streets, El-Wad (which leads to the Damascus Gate) and Via Dolorosa (which runs from the Lions Gate to intersect El-Wad), are bazaars with Muslim shopkeepers ready to sell the Christian Pilgrim a plastic crucifix or olive wood nativity set. When Jesus walked through these streets to his crucifixion they were busy even then and would have
been filled with shops. Closer to the Temple Mount (or as the Muslims call it the Hara mesh-Sharif, meaning “The Noble Sanctuary”), buildings from the Mamelukes’ reconstruction of the city from 1250 to 1516 can be seen. This area today preserves some of the fine medieval Islamic architecture.

 
 
 
 
 

 

 

Toni (white straw hat) shopping in the Muslim Quarter through the covered street bazaar.

Galyn purchases a Coke and a bottle of water in the Muslim Quarter.

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The Damascus Gate from the inside.
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mq2 Israeli soldiers patrol the Muslim Quarter.
Cell phone on the Temple Mount.
 
Armenian Quarter (back to top)  

The nation of Armenia was the first nation to declare itself a Christian nation. They did this in 301, before the days of Constantine, but Armenians had been living in Jerusalem since 95 B.C. The Armenian Quarter was established on Mount Zion 301. Right before the Crusader period (1099-1187 A.D.) the Armenian Quarter began to develop. It reached its current size during the Ottoman period (1517-1917). Today the Armenian “quarter” covers about one-sixth of the Old City.

 
An Armenian woman hand paints the ceramics created in her father's local shop.
 
Buses and cars run through the narrow streets in the Armenian Quarter by entering and exiting the Joppa Gate. Smaller cars also use the Zion Gate.
Israeli soldiers at the Zion Gate in the Armenian Quarter.
The streets of the Old City in the Armenian Quarter early in the morning around 1:00 AM.
JUC, Jerusalem University College, on the Mount of Zion just outside the walls of the Armenian Quarter.
Dr. Carl Rasmussen and Mary bumped into Toni and Galyn outside the Armenian Quarter. Carl and Mary were returning from an excursion in the West Bank in the ancient land of Benjamin and the city of Jericho. Toni and I were photographing the west wall of the Old City.
Christian Quarter (back to top)  
The Christian Quarter is the most visited quarter of the Old City because it includes the site of Jesus’ death, burial and resurrection—the Church of the Holy Sepulcher. This quarter is cluttered with a seemingly endless cluster of churches and holy sites whose roofs, domes and facades are built so close together that they are undistinguishable. The streets are filled with narrow storefronts leading into shops that continue long narrow paths to the back. The market streets are noisy with modern pilgrims and shopkeepers trying to lure them into their stores.  

cq1

 
cq2 Roofs of the Christian Quarter. Notice the Dome of the Rock ( left middle of this photo) which is in the Muslim Quarter. Mount Olive is in the background.
A Christian priest with the Joppa Gate in the background.
 
   
   
   

JERUSALEM: HISTORY, ARCHAEOLOGY AND
APOLOGETIC PROOF OF SCRIPTURE

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