Background Information Old Testament New Testament New Testament (cont.) Gentile Period (cont.)
1-Biblical Jerusalem 16-Salem, Jebus 33-Ashlar Stones 51-Bethesda Pool 68-Saint Anne's Church
2-History of Jerusalem 17-Milo, Jebusite Wall 34-Temple Mount 52-Holy Sepulcher 69-Sultan's Pool
3a-Map of Today's City 18-Gihon Springs 35-NE of End of Wall 53-Garden Tomb 70-Citadel
3b-The Four Quarters 19-City of David 36-SE End of Wall 54-Fort Antonia 71-Colonnade Column
3c-Photos 20-David's Palace 37-Western Wall 55-Phasael Tower  
3d-Silwan 21-Temple Mount 38-West Wall Tunnel 56-Struthion Pool  
4-The Walls Today 22-Solomon's Walls 39-Mikvah, Ritual Baths 57-Gethsemane  
5-The Gates Today 23-Solomon's Quarries 40-The Large Mikvah 58-Tombs in Hinnom Miscellaneous
6-Archaeology Periods 24-Broad Wall 41-Wilson's Arch 59-Jerusalem Tombs Archaeological Finds
7-Archaeology History 25-Hezekiah's Tunnel 42-Warren's Gate Gentile Period Jason's Tomb
8-Old Ancient Core 26-Middle Gate 43-Barclay's Gate 60-Ecce Homo Lazarus' Tomb
9-Kidron Valley 27-Nehemiah's Wall 44-Robinson's Arch 61-Roman Inscription Tomb of David
10-Central Valley Hasmonean 45-Western Wall Street 62-Cardo Maximus Via Dolorosa
11-Hinnom Valley 28-Walls and Towers 46-Western Wall Shops 63-Roman Road Hezekiah's Pool
12-Mount of Olives 29-Aqueduct 47-South Temple Wall 64-Nea Church  
13-Mount Moriah 30-Acra 48-Archaeology Park 65-Al Aqsa Mosque  
14-Western Hill Mt Zion 31-Temple Mount 49-Siloam Road 66-Dome of the Rock  
15-Ophel 32-Tombs in Kidron 50-Siloam Pool 67-Temple Mount  
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19- Siloam Road
Galyn Wiemers
Galyn Wiemers in the gutter under the road that led to the Pool of Siloam.

The paved Herodian street at the northwest corner of the Temple Mount continues south along the Western Wall until it reaches
the Pool of Siloam on the south end of the City of David.


Herodian pavement stones from the first century. This style of pavement stone is seen in many places where streets from the days of the New Testament
have been excavated.


Recent excavation of this area has uncovered a stepped stone street that ascends from the Pool of Siloam to the Temple Mount. Notice in the back of this photo that the front of three steps can be seen. The style of the stairs is similar to the large staircases in front of the Double and Triple Gates, in that the steps alternate between
narrow and wide runs. In this photo the first step is a narrow run while the second step is wider. This created a slow, steady procession as people ascended from the Pool of Siloam to the Temple Mount. In this photo the excavation turns toward the left and then follows a section of this wide street up through the City of David.


A portion of the width of the street can be seen here. Only the left side (top of photo) was excavated and accessible when this photo was taken. Again, notice
the steps beginning to ascend through the City of David on the eastern ridge of the city as we approach the Ophel and Mount Moriah. This street and these
stairs would have been used by the blind man as he approached the Pool of Siloam to wash the mud from his eyes:

Having said this, Jesus spit on the ground, made some mud with the saliva, and put in on the man’s
eyes. ‘Go,’ Jesus told him, ‘wash in the Pool of Siloam.’ So the man went and washed, and came home seeing
. - John 9:6-7



A good view of the alternating steps and the pavement stones. To the left is dirt that has not been excavated yet. To the right is a wall that blocks access to the rest
of the street which is being excavated now.


The black line roughly highlights the location of the Siloam Road that ran from the Pool of Siloam (circled at bottom) up to the Temple Mount, under Robinson's arch, along the Western Wall (where it can be seen today) and to the northwest corner of the Temple Mount (which can be seen today in the Western Wall Tunnels.)

Watch this video as Galyn walks through the gutter under this Siloam Road. 

 

The recently excavated stepped stone street that leads from the Pool of Siloam up to the Temple Mount. The continuation of the street can be seen in the opening further up on the left side of the street. The Temple Mount is 1600 feet (a little more than a quarter mile) up these stairs to the north, but the excavation does not continue all the way to the Temple Mount.


The stepped stone street is much wider than this, but this narrow portion was excavated and accessible inJune of 2010. Only about 6 feet of the 25 foot wide steps/street is visible.


Looking down the stepped stone street that leads to the Pool of Siloam. Only 6 feet of the 25-foot-wide street has been excavated so far.

This is a photo of the gutter that runs under the stepped stone street. This gutter system would collect runoff rain water from the city and drain it toward the
Pool of Siloam. Notice that it has been completely excavated, since both sides reveal a wall made of blocks that support the stone paved street above.

The east wall of the gutter and a view of the tunnel ahead.
The walls of the gutter under the street here, and all the way up to where this street and gutter run along the Western Wall, are constructed out of block as seen in this photo.

In 70 AD the Jews used this gutter system to escape from the city of Jerusalem by fleeing south under the walls. When the Romans finally entered the city they
found these tunnels crowded with Jews who they then slaughtered.

Josephus records Simon, the Jewish leader, and other Jews hiding in tunnels like these:

This Simon, during the siege of Jerusalem, was in the upper city; but when the Roman army was gotten within the walls, and were laying the city
waste, he then took the most faithful of his friends with him . . . and let himself and all them down into a certain subterraneous cavern that was not
visible above ground. Now, so far as had been dug before, they went onward along it without disturbance; but where they met with solid earth,
they dug a mine under ground, and this in hopes that they should be able to proceed so far as to rise from under ground in a safe place, and
by that means escape. But when they came to make the experiment, they were disappointed of their hope; for the miners could make but small
progress, and that with difficulty also; insomuch that their provisions, though they distributed them by measure, began to fail them. And now Simon,
thinking he might be able to astonish and elude the Romans, put on a white frock, and buttoned upon him a purple cloak, and appeared out of the ground in the place where the temple had formerly been.

At the first, indeed, those that saw him were greatly astonished, and stood still where they were; but afterward they came nearer to him, and asked him
who he was. Now Simon would not tell them, but bid them call for their captain; and when they ran to call him, Terentius Rufus who was left to command the army there, came to Simon, and learned of him the whole truth, and kept him in bonds, and let Caesar know that he was taken. Thus did God bring this man to be punished for what bitter and savage tyranny he had exercised against his countrymen by those who were his worst enemies . . . This rise of his out of the ground did also occasion the discovery of a great number of others of the seditious at that time, who had hidden themselves under ground.

- Josephus, Wars of the Jews, book VII chapter II



Detailsof the Herodian drain under the street that runs along the Western Wall (source for this diagram http://israelpalestineguide.wordpress.com/2011/10/22/up-to-the-temple-mount-newly-opened-section-of-jerusalems-herodian-channel-new-photos/ and it was taken from Leen Ritmeyer’s book The Quest, p. 234 )
 
 
 
 

JERUSALEM: HISTORY, ARCHAEOLOGY AND
APOLOGETIC PROOF OF SCRIPTURE

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