Background Information Old Testament New Testament New Testament (cont.) Gentile Period (cont.)
1-Biblical Jerusalem 16-Salem, Jebus 33-Ashlar Stones 51-Bethesda Pool 68-Saint Anne's Church
2-History of Jerusalem 17-Milo, Jebusite Wall 34-Temple Mount 52-Holy Sepulcher 69-Sultan's Pool
3a-Map of Today's City 18-Gihon Springs 35-NE of End of Wall 53-Garden Tomb 70-Citadel
3b-The Four Quarters 19-City of David 36-SE End of Wall 54-Fort Antonia 71-Colonnade Column
3c-Photos 20-David's Palace 37-Western Wall 55-Phasael Tower  
3d-Silwan 21-Temple Mount 38-West Wall Tunnel 56-Struthion Pool  
4-The Walls Today 22-Solomon's Walls 39-Mikvah, Ritual Baths 57-Gethsemane  
5-The Gates Today 23-Solomon's Quarries 40-The Large Mikvah 58-Tombs in Hinnom Miscellaneous
6-Archaeology Periods 24-Broad Wall 41-Wilson's Arch 59-Jerusalem Tombs Archaeological Finds
7-Archaeology History 25-Hezekiah's Tunnel 42-Warren's Gate Gentile Period Jason's Tomb
8-Old Ancient Core 26-Middle Gate 43-Barclay's Gate 60-Ecce Homo Lazarus' Tomb
9-Kidron Valley 27-Nehemiah's Wall 44-Robinson's Arch 61-Roman Inscription Tomb of David
10-Central Valley Hasmonean 45-Western Wall Street 62-Cardo Maximus Via Dolorosa
11-Hinnom Valley 28-Walls and Towers 46-Western Wall Shops 63-Roman Road Hezekiah's Pool
12-Mount of Olives 29-Aqueduct 47-South Temple Wall 64-Nea Church  
13-Mount Moriah 30-Acra 48-Archaeology Park 65-Al Aqsa Mosque  
14-Western Hill Mt Zion 31-Temple Mount 49-Siloam Road 66-Dome of the Rock  
15-Ophel 32-Tombs in Kidron 50-Siloam Pool 67-Temple Mount  
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14- Western Hill (or, Mount Zion)

The Western Hill was not settled until the area around the Eastern Hill (the City of David) began to fill up. People then began moving outside the walls of the City of David
and across the Central Valley to the Western Hill. When the Assyrian Empire invaded northern Israel in 723, BC many of the Jews from Israel fled south into Judah and
settled in Jerusalem. They also settled outside the walls of the city on the Western Hill. Hezekiah eventually built a wall around this new western suburb in preparation for
the Assyrian attack of Judah in 701 BC. (Part of this “Broad Wall” can still be seen.) This portion of the city fell in 586 BC to the Babylonians along with the rest of the city.
When the exiles returned it was settled again after the days of Nehemiah. By the time of the New Testament, the Central Valley had been filled in and the city had again
expanded to cover the Western Hill. Herod’s palace was built along the west wall on the Western Hill, as were many of the wealthy residences of New Testament Jerusalem,
including the mansion of the high priest. Jesus would have been brought to the Western Hill to appear before Annas and Caiaphas. It is quite possible that the Upper
Room, used during the Last Supper and on the Day of Pentecost, was also on this Western Hill.

Today the Christian Quarter and the Armenian Quarter inside the walls of the Old City are on the Western Hill. The area south of the Armenian Quarter outside the
walls is today called Mount Zion, and it is also part of the Western Hill. (In scripture, Mount Zion originally referred to the Eastern Hill, or the City of David. Mount
Zion then began to refer to the northern part of Mount Moriah, or the Temple Mount. Early Christians of the Byzantine and Crusader periods wrongly identified the
southern part of the Western Hill as Mount Zion, but it maintains that name to this day.)


In this photo the Western Hill (or, Mount Zion) is labeled as "Western Ridge."

This is a view from the southwest end of the Temple Mount wall looking up at the Western Ridge from the general area where the Central Valley is buried.
(Notice the Herodian street and curb beginning in the bottom right corner of photo in front of the rubble that fell from the Temple Mount in the bottom left corner)
 
 
 

 

JERUSALEM: HISTORY, ARCHAEOLOGY AND
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