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Bible Teaching, Bible Study, Teaching, Verses, Sermons, online, mp3, classesA Bible Teaching Ministry of Galyn Wiemers

Daily Devotions, Evening and Morning Devotional


Sunrise on Temple Mount in Jerusalem; Back to Previous Devotion

May 10 - Morning

“In the month of Kislev in the twentieth year, while I (Nehemiah) was in the citadel of Susa,  Hanani, one of my brothers, came from Judah with some other men, and I questioned them about the Jewish remnant that had survived the exile, and also about Jerusalem.

They said to me,
‘Those who survived the exile and are back in
the province are in great trouble and disgrace.
The wall of Jerusalem is broken down, and
its gates have been burned with fire.’

When I heard these things, I sat down and wept.
For some days I mourned and fasted and prayed
before the God of heaven.”

- Nehemiah 1:1-4

Sunset on the Sea of Galilee; Click to go to next devotion  
446 BC, Nehemiah Is Distressed Due to Jerusalem's Lack of Defensive Walls and Gates    

Nehemiah was in the citadel of Susa working in the presence of Artaxerxes in 446 BC. This was Artaxerxes' 20th year as the Emperor over the Persian Empire (he would reign 41 total years,
465-424). Nehemiah served as a cupbearer or as an attendant (Hebrew masqeh) in the royal palace. But, Nehemiah was more than a butler. Other sources from this time describe the position of a masqeh as being the "keeper of the signet" ring used to provide the kings official stamp or signature to a document. A masqeh was also "in charge of administration of the accounts" which meant he
kept track of where and who spent the money and what was purchased. In other words, it is possible that Nehemiah signed documents for Artaxerxes and oversaw the Persian Empire's budget. This description helps us understand why Artaxerxes wanted Nehemiah to return and resume his responsibilities for the Empire once he had resolved the issue of Jerusalem's lack of a defensive wall. (Nehemiah 2:6)

Nehemiah's brother returned to Susa from Jerusalem (Map HERE) and Nehemiah asked him how things were going with the plan to repopulate and rebuild the Jewish people's capital city. Hanani answers with bad news from Jerusalem: They "are in great trouble and disgrace. The wall of Jerusalem is broken down, and its gates have been burned with fire." Without the wall and gates for protection the city of Jerusalem was nothing more than a village that could be raided and oppressed by the Samaritans who did not want Jerusalem and the Temple rebuilt. The progress of the returning exiles attempting to fulfill God's plan as promised by the prophets who spoke of the restoration was at a complete stop. Because of this Nehemiah became very emotional and wept, and he followed these feelings with several days of mourning, fasting and praying before God because of the distress of the people who had returned to fulfill God's promise of the restoration of the Jewish people.

  • Artaxerxes orders the rebuilding of the rebellious city, Jerusalem, to stop.
  • Samaritans send a letter to Artaxerxes to say Jerusalem is a
    rebellioius city. (Ezra 4:7)
  • Artaxerxes replies: “this city will not be rebuilt until I so
    order.” (Ezra 4:21)

Ezra 4:7-23

Ezra 4:21

Daniel 9:25

  • In Artaxeres’ seventh year he issues the decree to rebuild
    and restore Jerusalem.
  • Ezra leaves Babylon on April 8 and arrives in Jerusalem on
  • December 19 the people assemble and the investigation of
    intermarriage begins.
  • The 70 weeks (or, 490 years) of Daniels prophecy in Daniel
    9:25 begins with Artaxerxes’ decree to restore and rebuild
    Jerusalem in 458 BC. The decree is found in Ezra 7:12-26.
    The 70 weeks (490 years) are interrupted after 69 weeks
    (483 years) with the coming of the Messiah. 458 BC minus
    483 years equals 25/26 AD which is when John the Baptists
    will introduce the Messiah to the Jewish nation

Decree to Rebuild


Ezra 7: 8-9, 12-26

Daniel 9:25

Ezra 10:9-16

457 Ezra committee ends their three month long investigation
into intermarriage by Mar/Apr
Ezra 10:17
446 Nov/Dec, Nehemiah is in Susa and hears a report from a Jew from Jerusalem that the walls of Jerusalem have not been rebuilt


Nehemiah 1

  • Artaxerxes 20th year
  • Mar/Apr, Nehemiah, Artaxerxes cup bearer, speaks to
    Artaxerxes about Jerusalem’s ruined wall system. (Neh. 2:1)
  • August 10, Nehemiah begins to rebuild the walls of
  • Opposition to building the walls. (Neh. 4, 6)
  • October 2, The walls of Jerusalem are completed in 52 days.
    (Neb. 6:15)
  • October 8, Ezra reads the law to public for first time in
    thirteen years. (8:2)
  • October 9, the people of Jerusalem celebrate the Feast of
    Tabernacles. (8:13)
  • October 30, Israel confesses their sin. (Neh. 9)
  • If Esther were 25 when she married Xerxes she is now 58

Nehemiah 2:1

Nehemiah 4

Nehemiah 6:15

Nehemiah 8:2

Nehemiah 8:13

Nehemiah 9

  • Nehemiah is recalled to Artaxerxes after a 12 year absence.
  • Artaxerxes is in his 32 year as the king of the Persian

Nehemiah 5:14

Nehemiah 13:6

  • The book of Malachi is written.
  • Malachi accuses:
    1. the priest of not honoring God
    2. the people of unlawful marriages
    3. the people of having given up on the Lord’s return
    4. the people of failing to give properly to God
  • Malachi ends with a promise in 3:1, “See, I will send my



  Christian Quote from Church History

“The purpose of the historian is not to construct a history from preconceived notions and to adjust it to his own liking, but to reproduce it from the best evidence and
to let it speak for itself.”

– Philip Schaff






Something to Ponder??

In the earliest book of the Bible Job speaks of physical resurrection from the dead and talks of standing with his Redeemer/God on earth in the future after his natural death. It seems this information was lost from the earliest days of human history and recovered with the resurrection of Jesus and
the teaching of the
New Testament.

Hebrew and Greek Word Study   Facts and Information

Kana (Hb) – Humble (Eng) – The Hebrew word translated “to be humble” or “to subdue is kana.
In 2 Samuel 8:1 and Psalms 81:14 kana refers to subduing enemies.
is also used in reference to humble repentance before
the Lord in Leviticus 26:41; 2 Chronicles 7:14 and 12:6-7.


Isaiah mentions Rezin, king of Aram, in Isaiah 7:1, 4, 8 in a prophecy to Judah’s king Ahaz in 733 BC. Rezin, or Rezon, is also identified as the king of Damascus, Aram’s capital city, in Assyrian records inscribed on slabs found at Calah. These Assyrian inscriptions say:

“I received tribute from Kushtashpi of Commagene, Rezon of Damascus, Menahem of Samaria, Hiram of Tyre, Sibittibi’li of Byblos…gold, silver, tin, iron, elephant-hides, ivory, linen garments with multicolored trimmings, blue-dyed wool, purple-dyed wool, ebony-wood, boxwood-wood, whatever was precious…”

Confession to Action   Facts and Information

Am I waiting expectantly for God's promises and his will to be done?
Am I distraught and moved to both tears and action because
of things that prevent God's will from being accomplished?
I will respond with emotion and action in order to accomplish those things I believe need to be done.

  "Whoever walks in integrity walks securely,
    but whoever takes crooked paths will be found out."

- Proverbs 10:9
Read the Bible in a Year; Bible Reading Program
Read one chapter each day to read through the narrative portion (or, the story line) of the whole Bible Genesis-Acts in one year. Read the General Text of the Bible Read the Complete Text of the Bible in a Year
Judges 13 First Kings 19 Psalm 50, 53
Prayer for Today
Personal Prayer Church Prayer Item National Prayer Concerns World Prayer Concerns

Greater desire to know God

Be a light in the darkness

Secretary of Education

Photo of Jerusalem; Pictures of Israel Bible Map and Diagram
Robinson's Arch, Jerusalem Caesarea Philippi and the pagan shrines to Pan and the Gates of Hades
Inside the 2000-1300 BC Canaanite gate of the Philistine city Ashkelon.
(more here and here)
Caesarea Philippi and the pagan shrines to Pan and the Gates of Hades
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Reps & Sets is a daily Bible devotional for Christians from Generation Word Bible Teaching used each morning and evening.

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Generation Word - Bible Teaching Ministry   Generation Word - Bible Teaching Ministry