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Bible Teaching, Bible Study, Teaching, Verses, Sermons, online, mp3, classesA Bible Teaching Ministry of Galyn Wiemers

Daily Devotions, Evening and Morning Devotional


Sunrise on Temple Mount in Jerusalem; Back to Previous Devotion

May 10 - Evening

"In the month of Nisan in the twentieth year of
King Artaxerxes, when wine was brought for him,
I (Nehemiah) took the wine and gave it to the king.

I had not been sad in his presence before,
so the king asked me,
‘Why does your face look so sad when you are not ill? This can be nothing but sadness of heart.’

I was very much afraid, but I said to the king,
‘May the king live forever! Why should my face not look sad when the city where my ancestors are buried lies in ruins, and its gates have been destroyed by fire?’

The king said to me,
‘What is it you want?’

Then I prayed to the God of heaven,
and I answered the king,
‘If it pleases the king and if your servant has found favor in his sight, let him send me to the city in Judah where my ancestors are buried so that I can rebuild it.’

Then the king, with the queen sitting beside him,
asked me,
‘How long will your journey take,
and when will you get back?’

It pleased the king to send me; so I set a time."

- Nehemiah 2:1-6

Sunset on the Sea of Galilee; Click to go to next devotion  
Nehemiah Requests a Favor in the Presence of the King    

It had been four months since Nehemiah had heard of Jerusalem’s continued broken down condition (Nov/Dec 446 BC to Mar/April 445 BC). Artaxerxes and the queen of Persia were being served by Nehemiah when Artaxerxes noticed that Nehemiah was disturbed about something. The king literally asked Nehemiah, “Why is your face so bad?”

The text says that Nehemiah “was very much afraid” when the king made this comment. The reason for Nehemiah’s fear could be that if Nehemiah’s “bad face” had displeased the king the consequences could have been serious.

The other reason for Nehemiah’s fear is that it was Artaxerxes himself who had ordered the rebuilding of Jerusalem to be stopped 18 years earlier in 464 BC because “it was found that this city has a long history of revolt against kings and has been a place of rebellion and sedition.” (Ezra 4:19). (See the Samaritans letter and Artaxerxes reply HERE in Ezra 4:6-22 that stopped the rebuilding). Ezra had been allowed to return in 458 BC by Artaxerxes to teach and offer sacrifices (see Artaxerxes letter here in Ezra 7:11-26). But, now in 445 BC Nehemiah was about to ask the great king of Persia to issue a decree right then and there while he and his queen were being served wine to grant Nehemiah permission to do something Artaxerxes had forbidden 18 years earlier.  

So, when Artaxerxes asked, “What is it you want?”, Nehemiah had the answer. He said, “Let the king send me to the city in Judah…so that I can rebuild it.”

King Artaxerxes’ reply was simple: “How long will your journey take, and when will you get back?” This was an affirmative response, so Nehemiah set a time and preparations began.

Artaxerxes' silver bowl from the 400's BC found in ancient Persia can be seen HERE, HERE and
HERE. This 12 inch bowl is inscribed with the name of Artaxerxes and, also his father's name, Xerxes, is on the bowl. (Details HERE and HERE). See a close up view of the cuneiform script HERE with Old Persian cuneiform script with a text that says:

"Artaxerxes the Great King, King of Kings, King of Countries,
son of Xerxes the King, of Xerxes [who was] son of Darius the King;
in whose royal house this silver saucer was made."

Map of Nehemiah's journey to Jerusalem from Susa HERE.

  • In Artaxeres’ seventh year he issues the decree to rebuild
    and restore Jerusalem.
  • Ezra leaves Babylon on April 8 and arrives in Jerusalem on
  • December 19 the people assemble and the investigation of
    intermarriage begins.
  • The 70 weeks (or, 490 years) of Daniels prophecy in Daniel
    9:25 begins with Artaxerxes’ decree to restore and rebuild
    Jerusalem in 458 BC. The decree is found in Ezra 7:12-26.
    The 70 weeks (490 years) are interrupted after 69 weeks
    (483 years) with the coming of the Messiah. 458 BC minus
    483 years equals 25/26 AD which is when John the Baptists
    will introduce the Messiah to the Jewish nation

Decree to Rebuild


Ezra 7: 8-9,12-26

Daniel 9:25

Ezra 10:9-16

457 Ezra committee ends their three month long investigation
into intermarriage by Mar/Apr
Ezra 10:17
446 Nov/Dec, Nehemiah is in Susa and hears a report from a Jew from Jerusalem that the walls of Jerusalem have not been rebuilt


Nehemiah 1

  • Artaxerxes 20th year
  • Mar/Apr, Nehemiah, Artaxerxes cup bearer, speaks to
    Artaxerxes about Jerusalem’s ruined wall system. (Neh. 2:1)
  • August 10, Nehemiah begins to rebuild the walls of
  • Opposition to building the walls. (Neh. 4, 6)
  • October 2, The walls of Jerusalem are completed in 52 days.
    (Neb. 6:15)
  • October 8, Ezra reads the law to public for first time in
    thirteen years. (8:2)
  • October 9, the people of Jerusalem celebrate the Feast of
    Tabernacles. (8:13)
  • October 30, Israel confesses their sin. (Neh. 9)
  • If Esther were 25 when she married Xerxes she is now 58

Nehemiah 2:1

Nehemiah 4

Nehemiah 6:15

Nehemiah 8:2

Nehemiah 8:13

Nehemiah 9

  • Nehemiah is recalled to Artaxerxes after a 12 year absence.
  • Artaxerxes is in his 32 year as the king of the Persian

Nehemiah 5:14

Nehemiah 13:6

  • The book of Malachi is written.
  • Malachi accuses:
    1. the priest of not honoring God
    2. the people of unlawful marriages
    3. the people of having given up on the Lord’s return
    4. the people of failing to give properly to God
  • Malachi ends with a promise in 3:1, “See, I will send my



  Christian Quote from Church History

"I have carefully examined the evidences of the Christian religion, and if I were sitting as a juror upon its authenticity I would unhesitatingly give my
verdict in its favor."

- Alexander Hamilton






Something to Ponder??

Solomon spent seven years building the temple
in Jerusalem,
but thirteen years
building his palace
in Jerusalem.

Hebrew and Greek Word Study   Facts and Information

Bebaioo (Gr) – Confirm (Eng) – a Greek word which means “to make firm,” “to establish,” and “to make secure.” In Hebrews 2:3 bebaioo is used as a technical term to indicate the legal security and validity when our salvation was bebaioo (confirm) by those who heard Jesus announce it. Bebaioo is also used in Mark 16:20, Romans 15:8, 1 Corinthians 1:6 and Colossians 2:7.


“The facts backing the Christian claim are not a special kind of religious fact. They are the cognitive, informational facts upon which all historical, legal and ordinary decisions are based.” – Pinnock

Confession to Action   Facts and Information
If I were asked today, "What is it you want?",
would I be able to readily respond with a worthy answer?
  "Whoever winks maliciously causes grief,
    and a chattering fool
comes to ruin."

- Proverbs 10:10
Read the Bible in a Year; Bible Reading Program
Read one chapter each day to read through the narrative portion (or, the story line) of the whole Bible Genesis-Acts in one year. Read the General Text of the Bible Read the Complete Text of the Bible in a Year
(morning only) First Kings 20 Psalm 60, 75
Prayer for Today
Personal Prayer Church Prayer Item National Prayer Concerns World Prayer Concerns

Guidance and direction in the roles you have in life


Chief Justice

Dominican Republic
Photo of Jerusalem; Pictures of Israel Bible Map and Diagram
Robinson's Arch, Jerusalem

Nehemiah's Wall in Jerusalem 445 BC

Israel king Jehu portrayed on an Assyrian obelisk bowing before Shalmaneser. (Details here, here and here.)

Old Testament wall in Arad (more here and here)  
Details and Explanation of Sets & Reps Devotional System Here Make a donation to support Generation Word Bible Teaching Ministry
Reps & Sets is a daily Bible devotional for Christians from Generation Word Bible Teaching used each morning and evening.

  © 2005 Generation Word  
Generation Word - Bible Teaching Ministry   Generation Word - Bible Teaching Ministry