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Bible Teaching, Bible Study, Teaching, Verses, Sermons, online, mp3, classesA Bible Teaching Ministry of Galyn Wiemers

Daily Devotions, Evening and Morning Devotional


Sunrise on Temple Mount in Jerusalem; Back to Previous Devotion

February 8 - Evening

"The Lord said to Moses, 'Speak to the Israelites and say to them: "These are my appointed festivals, the appointed festivals of the Lord, which you are to proclaim as sacred assemblies..."

- Leviticus 23:1-2

Sunset on the Sea of Galilee; Click to go to next devotion  

The Festivals That Would Prevent Israel from Forgetting the Lord


Israel's worship of the Lord and part of their covenant responsibility was to celebrate a series of annual feasts.

The feasts established by the Lord can be divided into the spring feasts (Passover, Unleavened Bread, Firstfruits, Feast of Weeks) and fall feasts (Trumpets, Day of Atonement, Feast of Tabernacles). The fall feasts would begin in the seventh month (Sept/Oct) when the dry, hot summer came to an end. Harvest would include the picking of the grapes and the olives. By the end of October the rains would begin and continue until March.

Leviticus 23:4-8 - Passover and Unleavened Bread – Passover was the greatest feast of the year and commemorated the greatest event in Israel’s history – The Lord’s deliverance from Egypt. The use of unleavened bread commemorates the historical fact that Israel left Egypt in haste (not in waves of escaped slaves, or due to changes in Egypt’s economic conditions) because of Pharaoh’s sudden decision to let the Hebrew slaves go after the plague of the death of the firstborn.  It was a deliverance by the Lord and it was in haste! Go! Get out of the land!

Leviticus 23:9-14 – Feast of Firstfruits – This feast was closely associated with the Passover.  The firstfruits of the spring would have been barely. There would be a presentation of the sheaf on the day after the Sabbath which symbolized the dedication of the whole year’s crop. Nothing of this year’s crop could be eaten until the firstfruits were offered.

Leviticus 23:15-22 - Festival of Weeks (Pentecost) – Is also called the Feast of Harvest in Exodus 23:16. This feast would occur seven weeks and one day after Sabbath after the full moon of the Passover, so somewhere from the end of May to mid-June as the wheat harvest was ending. All the men would have to appear at the Tabernacle.

Leviticus 23:23-25 - Festival of Trumpets – This was a one day celebration that receives no emphasis here or throughout the rest of the Old Testament.  The focus of this feast seems to be the accurate establishment of the beginning of the seventh month. It was a sort of synchronizing of their watches, or, in this case, their calendars.

Leviticus 23:26-32 - Day of Atonement – This was the most solemn and holy day. While the high priest was busy with the sacrifice of the bull for his sins and the two goats (one was sacrificed for the people and the other was released into the wilderness with the sins of the people) the people were to be fasting, repenting and not working. This feast cleansed the Tabernacle of the rebellion and sin of the people and the priests, while covering their sins for another year.

Leviticus 23:33-44 - Festival of Tabernacles – For one week the people were to leave their homes and live in shelters made of branches. This was to remind them of having once lived in tents wandering in the wilderness for forty years.  They could reflect on what it takes to be a great, robust culture and how dependence on God’s leadership and provision is crucial. They could be thankful that diligence to hard work and obedience to God’s law provided them with their good land, their abundant provisions and their nice homes.  Or, as Deuteronomy 8:11-14 tells them:

“Be careful that you do not forget the Lord your God, failing to observe his commands, his laws and his decrees that I am giving you this day. Otherwise, when you eat and are satisfied, when you build fine houses and settle down, and when your herds and flocks grow large and your silver and gold increase and all you have is multiplied, then your heart will become proud and you will forget the Lord your God, who brought you out of Egypt, out of the land of slavery.”

Two other feasts that are not original to the Law of Moses, but are celebrated by Jews today are Purim, which was established as a result of the deliverance of the Jews by Esther in Persia, and Hanukkah, which celebrates the deliverance of Israel from the Syrians and the rededication of the temple in 165 BC by Judas Maccabaeus.

It should be noted that Jesus’ redemptive work occurred on Passover, Unleavened Bread, and Pentecost, so that today Christians celebrate Jesus death on Passover, his Resurrection on the Feast of Unleavened Bread, and the coming of the Holy Spirit into the church on Pentecost. The dates do not always match up any longer since there has been 2,000 years of adjustments to the different calendars.

  Christian Quote from Church History

"“There are two ways to get enough. One is to continue to accumulate more and more. The other is to desire less.” 
- G.K. Chesterton




Something to Ponder??

“You can always find evil men coming from wickedness to virtue. And you can always find righteous men returning from progress towards virtue to the flood of wickedness…Now, from the parable of the dragnet, the heretics introduce the doctrine of different natures. Let them tell us in regard to the wicked man who afterwards turned aside from al the wickedness…what nature he was when he was wicked?”
 – Origen, 245 AD

Hebrew and Greek Word Study   Facts and Information
Manna (Gr) – Manna Eng) - manna is Greek word that means "manna" in English. The Greek word is simply a transliteration of the Hebrew word men which literally means, "What is it?" Men, or "what is it?" is what the Israelites called the manna they saw each morning in the wilderness.  

The OT scriptures reveal how Israel mixed Yahweh worship into Canaanite worship during the days of Judges and the kings after David. At local high places the Israelites united the worship of Yahweh with Baal and Asherah. In 1975 a large storage jar from around 750 BC was found with an inscription in ancient Hebrew that read, “Yahweh of Samaria and his Asherah.”
(Details here and here.
Photos here and here.)

Confession to Action   Facts and Information
Do I speak truthfully to my family? Do I speak truth at work? at church?
Am I honest with myself, or am I trying to hide things that I do not want to confront?
I will speak truth and seek truth, because anything else is wickedness.
  "My mouth speaks what is true, for my lips detest wickedness."
- Proverbs 8:7
Read the Bible in a Year; Bible Reading Program
Read one chapter each day to read through the narrative portion (or, the story line) of the whole Bible Genesis-Acts in one year. Read the General Text of the Bible Read the Complete Text of the Bible in a Year
(morning only) Exodus 10 Exodus 29
Prayer for Today
Personal Prayer Church Prayer Item National Prayer Concerns World Prayer Concerns
Ask God to convict you of sin, error Church Staff Environment Intense drive for Global politics and economy
Photo of Jerusalem; Pictures of Israel Bible Map and Diagram
Robinson's Arch, Jerusalem

Nehemiah's Wall in Jerusalem 445 BC

A map detailing Isaacs encounter with Abimelech
in Genesis 26. (click on image for larger size)

This is a Roman column found in Jerusalem from the reign of Vespasian (69-79 AD) and his son Titus (79-81 AD). The inscription says:

Imperator Caesar
Augustus, Imperator Titus Cae-
sar Vespasianus Augustus Filius
[Lucius Flavius Silva legatus]
Augusti pro praetore
Legio X Fretensis

(click on image for larger size)

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Reps & Sets is a daily Bible devotional for Christians from Generation Word Bible Teaching used each morning and evening.

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