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Bible Teaching, Bible Study, Teaching, Verses, Sermons, online, mp3, classesA Bible Teaching Ministry of Galyn Wiemers

Daily Devotions, Evening and Morning Devotional


Sunrise on Temple Mount in Jerusalem; Back to Previous Devotion

February 20 - Morning

" Moses sent messengers from Kadesh to
the king of Edom, saying
“This is what your brother Israel says: You know about all the hardships that have come on us. Our ancestors went down into Egypt, and we lived there many years. The Egyptians mistreated us and our ancestors, but when we cried out to the Lord, he heard our cry and sent an angel and brought us out of Egypt. Now we are here at Kadesh, a town on the edge of your territory. Please let us pass through your country. We will not go through any field or vineyard, or drink water from any well. We will travel along the King’s Highway and not turn to the right or to the left until we have passed through your territory.”

But Edom answered: “You may not pass through here; if you try, we will march out and attack you with the sword.”

The Israelites replied: “We will go along the main road, and if we or our livestock drink any of your water, we will pay for it. We only want to pass through on foot—nothing else.”

Again they answered: “You may not pass through.”

Then Edom came out against them with a large and powerful army. Since Edom refused to let them go through their territory, Israel turned away from them."

- Numbers 20:14-21

Sunset on the Sea of Galilee; Click to go to next devotion  
Moses Leads Israel Around Edom    

The King’s Highway ran along the eastern side of the Jordan Valley from Damascus in the north to Arabia in the far south reaching the Gulf of Aqaba. The King’s Highway was used by caravans and by the militaries of the kings (including kings from the East as in Genesis 14 and Thutmose III from Egypt). A request to pass peacefully through the land of Edom is sent to the King of Edom in the spring of the year when grain fields of Edom are approaching harvest.

The form of diplomatic letter that was sent by Moses conforms to the style of letter found in the archives of Mari, Babylon and El-Amarna. These ancient diplomatic letters that survive today include these parts that can be found in a similar format and sequence in Moses’ letter to Edom:

  1. Mention of the recipient – “King of Edom
  2. Introduction formula - “Thus says…,” or “This is what ___ says…”
  3. Identity of the sender and their position or rank -  “Israel, your brother…
  4. Historical Situation – “You know about our hardships…Our ancestors went down into Egypt...mistreated…cried out to the Lord…brought us out of Egypt.”
  5. Present predicament and motive from request -  “Now we are here at Kadesh…edge of your territory.”
  6. The request is made – “Please let us pass through your country.”
  7. Terms and Conditions – “We will not go through any field or vineyard, or drink water from any well. We will travel along the King’s Highway…until we have passed through your territory.”

It is interesting to see that Moses appeals to the King of Edom’s knowledge of Israel’s history in Egypt, Israel’s deliverance by the Lord and Israel’s time in the wilderness. This information is also known by the people of Jericho and Rahab in Joshua 2:8-13.

Israel promises to be respectful of Edom’s fields, vineyards and wells by eating their own food and drinking their own water. Israel will be careful not to trample the grain fields that are nearing harvest stage and will bring enough water for their journey from Kadesh.

Moses’ request is rejected along with a threat of military support by Edom. Moses counters by emphasizing that Israel “will go along the main road,” and if any water of Edom’s is used Israel will pay for it. Moses states that they will be on foot just to pass through on the caravan route which is contrary to being on horseback using chariots in a military invasion.

Edom again responded with a negative “You may not pass through” reply and supported their statement by lining up Edom’s military to enforce their response if needed.

Israel turned and went south around Edom taking the longer, slower approach to begin their conquest.

It is interesting to note that even though the Lord was with Israel and had defeated Egypt and the Amelekites while promising Israel that “every place where you set your foot will be yours” (Deuteronomy 11:24), the Lord did not entertain the thought of rolling through Edom and crushing their military as part of Israel’s conquest promise. In this case the Lord is in support of Edom’s own volition and Edom’s right to the territory the Lord had given them. Moses is warned by the Lord to not engage Edom in war or provoke them because the Lord had given them this land and Israel would be defeated if they faced Edom in battle at this time. Moses records this warning and direction from the Lord in Deuteronomy 2:4-6:

‘You are about to pass through the territory of your relatives the descendants of Esau, who live in Seir. They will be afraid of you, but be very careful. Do not provoke them to war, for I will not give you any of their land, not even enough to put your foot on. I have given Esau the hill country of Seir as his own. You are to pay them in silver for the food you eat and the water you drink.” - Deuteronomy 2:4-6

  Christian Quote from Church History

"The only request on my behalf that I may not merely be called a Christian, but may really be found to be one."
- Ignatius, 105 AD








Something to Ponder??

Origen said this in 248 AD:

"Every form of worship will be destroyed except the religion of Christ, which alone will prevail. Indeed, it will one day triumph, for its principles take possession of the minds of men more and more every day.”

Hebrew and Greek Word Study   Facts and Information

‘ap (Hb) – Nose (Eng) – ‘ap is the Hebrew noun that refers to the “nose” or particularly the “nostril.” But, ‘ap is also used to refer to any part of the nose as in Genesis 3:19 or Proverbs 11:22, and sometimes even the “face” as in Genesis 19:1. ‘ap can be used figuratively for “anger,” “wrath,” and “resentment.”


The city of Sepphoris is just three miles north of Nazareth and was being rebuilt during Jesus’ childhood and youth. Sepphoris had been taken by Herod the Great at the beginning of his reign but upon his death the city revolted and was destroyed by the Romans who burnt it and sold the inhabitants into slavery. Herod the Great’s son, Herod Antipas, inherited the ruined city when he received the land of Galilee. Antipas immediately began the massive project of rebuilding Sepphoris in 4 BC. It is likely that Joseph, the “carpenter” (tekton) would have found work in Sepphoris when he moved back to Nazareth when he returned with his family from Egypt. Likewise, Jesus who would have worked with his father may have spent time laboring here, a mere 3 miles from his home, during the construction boom in the early first century.
(Photos and details here,
here and here.)

Confession to Action   Facts and Information
Do I understand that the promises of God must be kept in context?
Because it is an error of presumption to live in ignorance I will study the Word of God.
  "It is to one’s honor to
avoid strife,

    but every fool is
quick to quarrel."
- Provebs 20:3
Read the Bible in a Year; Bible Reading Program
Read one chapter each day to read through the narrative portion (or, the story line) of the whole Bible Genesis-Acts in one year. Read the General Text of the Bible Read the Complete Text of the Bible in a Year
Exodus 6 Numbers 9 Leviticus 22
Prayer for Today
Personal Prayer Church Prayer Item National Prayer Concerns World Prayer Concerns
Your godly influence on others Health of leadership Business Owners Armenia
Photo of Jerusalem; Pictures of Israel Bible Map and Diagram
Robinson's Arch, Jerusalem Nehemiah's Wall in Jerusalem 445 BC
This is an image of steps leading down into the water and
the ruins of the Pool of Bethesda.
(more details and photos here) (click on image for larger size)
A map identifying the allotment of land for each of the tribes of Israel. (click on image for larger size)
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Reps & Sets is a daily Bible devotional for Christians from Generation Word Bible Teaching used each morning and evening.

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