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Bible Teaching, Bible Study, Teaching, Verses, Sermons, online, mp3, classesA Bible Teaching Ministry of Galyn Wiemers

Daily Devotions, Evening and Morning Devotional


Sunrise on Temple Mount in Jerusalem; Back to Previous Devotion

February 19 - Evening

"In the first month the whole Israelite community arrived at the Desert of Zin, and they stayed at Kadesh. There Miriam died and was buried."

- Numbers 20:1

Sunset on the Sea of Galilee; Click to go to next devotion  

The Fortieth Year Begins with Mariam's Death


This section begins with, “In the first month…,” which is referring to the first month (Abib, or Nisan) in the spring of the 40th year in the wilderness. The documentation in the book of Numbers, as with the rest of the Bible, leaves the majority of the years of wandering without a detailed record. We assume the people moved annually through a similar series of locations and stops that depended on the seasonal conditions. Numbers 33:2-49 records the general campsites through the forty years and this campsite in Numbers 20:1 at Kadesh in the Desert of Zin at the end of the 40 years correlates with Numbers 33:36.

After forty years of wandering in the wilderness Israel goes again to the Desert of Zin on the east side of the wilderness and they camp at Kadesh (called ‘Ain Qedeis today) where forty years earlier (Numbers 13-14) the people had rebelled by refusing to enter the Promised Land. Kadesh is about fifty miles southwest of Beersheba, a city of Abraham.

As the forty years of punishment comes to an end so are the lives of all those who were 20 years old or older at the time of the nation’s rebellion and refusal to enter the Promised Land. Mariam, Moses’ older sister, dies in the first month or at the beginning of this fortieth year while they were camped at Kadesh. (Aaron will die 4-5 months later at the end of Numbers (20:22-29). Aaron’s death is also recorded Numbers 33:38 as being “on the first day of the fifth month of the 40th year after the Israelites came out of Egypt.”) Mariam would be one of the last of her rebellious generation to die before Israel would begin to make their second approach towards the Promised Land.

Kadesh was normally a well-watered oasis at this time of year, but during the spring of Israel’s fortieth year Kadesh was dry. The springs at this oasis produce 1,400 cubic feet of water per hour. When Israel arrives and finds this oasis dry the second generation begins to complain with the same voice and similar logic of their parents who had complained in an comparable situation forty years earlier (Exodus 17:7).

  Christian Quote from Church History
"Some wish to live within the sound of a chapel bell;
I wish to run a rescue mission within a yard of hell
 - C.T. Studd
Something to Ponder??

The Early Church Fathers comment concerning the Nephilim of Genesis 6:

"The angels transgressed this appointment and were captivated by love of women. And they begat children
who are those who are
called demons."

- Justin Martyr, 160 AD

"In the days of Noah, God justly brought on the Deluge for the purpose of extinguishing that most infamous race of men then existent, who could not bring forth fruit to God. For the angels who sinned commingled with them."
- Irenaeus 180 AD

Hebrew and Greek Word Study   Facts and Information

Chole (Gr) – Gall Eng) - chole is a Greek word that referred to a wine drugged with myrrh. Condemned criminals were offered chole to drink to help deaden the pain of execution. The woman of Jerusalem provided this service of mercy by giving condemned criminals chole. When Jesus was offered a drink of chole while he was suffering on the cross he refused to drink it.


In Acts 17:19 Paul went to Athens and while preaching in the agora, he was taken to the Areopagus which literally means “the hill of Ares” or “the hill of Mars.” Today the remains of Mars Hill in Athens can still be seen. Acts 17:34 says that one of the members of the Areopagus, the ruling municipal senators of the city, named Dionysius believed Paul’s message. Dionysius became the first bishop of the church of Athens and was martyred under the reign of Domitian. (details here and here and here)

Confession to Action   Facts and Information
Am I faithful to my friends for who they are or for what they have and how they help me?
I will be a faithful friend because of loyalty and godly character.
  "Wealth attracts many friends,
    but even the closest
friend of the poor person deserts them."
- Proverbs 19:4
Read the Bible in a Year; Bible Reading Program
Read one chapter each day to read through the narrative portion (or, the story line) of the whole Bible Genesis-Acts in one year. Read the General Text of the Bible Read the Complete Text of the Bible in a Year
(morning only) Numbers 7:1-11 Leviticus 21
Prayer for Today
Personal Prayer Church Prayer Item National Prayer Concerns World Prayer Concerns
Children’s education Influence on community Private Property Argentina
Photo of Jerusalem; Pictures of Israel Bible Map and Diagram
Robinson's Arch, Jerusalem

Nehemiah's Wall in Jerusalem 445 BC

Location of the major portion of the forty years in the wilderness. (click on image for larger size)

This is one of 18 columns that support the 36 foot high dome in the Church of the Holy Sepulcher that covers the tomb of Jesus. These pillars were originally part of Constantine's church that he built in 335 AD.
(More details and photos here.) (click on image for larger size)
Details and Explanation of Sets & Reps Devotional System Here Make a donation to support Generation Word Bible Teaching Ministry
Reps & Sets is a daily Bible devotional for Christians from Generation Word Bible Teaching used each morning and evening.

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Generation Word - Bible Teaching Ministry   Generation Word - Bible Teaching Ministry