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Bible Teaching, Bible Study, Teaching, Verses, Sermons, online, mp3, classesA Bible Teaching Ministry of Galyn Wiemers

Daily Devotions, Evening and Morning Devotional


Sunrise on Temple Mount in Jerusalem; Back to Previous Devotion

March 10 - Morning

“The Israelites sampled their provisions
but did not inquire of the Lord.”
- Joshua 9:14

Sunset on the Sea of Galilee; Click to go to next devotion  
Gibeonites Deception and the Suzerain/Vassal Treaty They Secured    

Israel’s failure to seek the Lord’s advice concerning the battle plans for their first attack on Ai was overshadowed by Achan’s sin. Now, with the arrival of the Gibeonites Israel will have another opportunity to seek the Lord’s insight and place it alongside their own logic and natural observation. The Gibeonites were Hivites (Joshua 9:7) from a Canaanite town of Gibeon a mere 20 miles from Ai. The Gibeonites realized the hopelessness of their position against Joshua, because the fear of the Lord had affected them as it had Rahab. The Gibeonites planned to deceive Joshua with half-truths in order to secure a covenant with Israel that would m.

These Gibeonites were listed among the people and nations to be destroyed in the land of Canaan (3:10), but when they arrived in Israel’s camp they gave both the appearance and the report that they were from far away. Even the verb they used in Joshua 9:6 to indicate they had “arrived from a distant country” was misinterpreted by Joshua when he understood it to mean they were “passing by” on their way to a further destination since Joshua says, “from where are you coming as you pass by here?” (9:8)

The Gibeonites report to Joshua that they had heard of the fame of the Lord your God and they mention the events in Egypt forty years earlier and the more recent events on the east side of the Jordan against the Kings of the Amorites – Shihon and Og. For some reason the Israelites want to believe the Gibeonites and trust their story and sampled their provisions which included dry, crumbling bread and cracked wineskins that were supposedly fresh when the men began their journey. The Israeli leaders “sampled their provisions but did not inquire of the Lord.” Literally Joshua 9:14 says, “But the mouth of the Lord they did not ask (or, consult).”

Joshua had several ways that were commonly used to inquire of the Lord including the Urim and Thummim worn by the High Priest, or the casting of the lot as used to discover Achan’s sin, or the presence of the Lord at the Ark of the Covenant. Joshua would not have had to depend on the mystical, untested inner voice of some unknown source like Christians often do today, but he could have received a tangible answer from the Lord to confirm or challenge his decision to trust the Gibeonites. Instead, Joshua “did not inquire of the Lord” and Israel was deceived. The Gibeonites were given a treaty and offered salom, “peace.”

When the deception was discovered Joshua kept the vow he had rashly agreed to and the Gibeonites were allowed to live, but likewise, the Gibeonites were forced to adhere to the Suzerain/Vassal covenant relationship they had entered into with Israel which recognized Joshua and Israel as the masters, protectors and providers for the Gibeonite vassals who would serve their suzerain lord Israel in exchange for the provisions of the treaty. Because of this Suzerain/Vassal covenant the Gibeonites were allowed to live, but were reduced to the role of servants among the Israelites as water carriers and wood cutters to keep Israel supplied with these basic daily necessities. (Joshua 9:26-27)

  Christian Quote from Church History
"We must not suppose that if we succeeded in making everyone nice we should have saved their souls. A world of nice people, content in their own niceness, looking no further, turned away from God, would be just as desperately in need of salvation as a miserable world."
- C.S. Lewis
Something to Ponder??
Affects of Sin
No one sins in a bubble or in isolation. Adam's sin affected him, his wife, his unborn
sons, the next generations and the entire human race. Likewise, our sins affect
these things:
1. Human Destiny – Sin affects the eternal destiny of both believers and
unbelievers, and causes the loss of eternal rewards for believers (2 John 8) as
well as opportunities and blessings in time.
2. The Human Will – Jesus came to set the captive free. The captivity he referred
to was of the human will, not physical bondage (Luke 4:18).
3. The Human Body – Not all sickness is from sin but some of it is (John 5:14;
1 Corinthians 11:30).
4. Other Humans – much of the suffering in the world can be traced back to the sin
nature of man.
Hebrew and Greek Word Study   Facts and Information

Koach (Hb) – Power (Eng) – koach is the Hebrew word that means “strength,” “force,” and “ability.” Koach is the ability to do something. Samson had koach in his hair in Judges 16:5. Nations have koach as in Joshua 17:17. Koach can also refer to one’s “wealth” or “property” as in Ezra 2:69. Because this is the case, Proverbs 5:10 warns that a person could lose their koach through adultery.


According to statues, images and texts the woman of Sarah’s day (2000 BC) were very attracted to jewelry and were very conscious of hairstyles for women.
(statue here)

Confession to Action   Facts and Information
Do I trust my own observations and logic without inquiring of the Lord?
I will use the natural skills and logic the Lord has provided, but
I will also ask the Lord for his insight and guidance.
  "He who gathers crops in summer is a prudent son,
    but he who sleeps during harvest is a disgraceful son."
- Proverbs 10:5
Read the Bible in a Year; Bible Reading Program
Read one chapter each day to read through the narrative portion (or, the story line) of the whole Bible Genesis-Acts in one year. Read the General Text of the Bible Read the Complete Text of the Bible in a Year
Exodus 40 Joshua 9 Numbers 35
Prayer for Today
Personal Prayer Church Prayer Item National Prayer Concerns World Prayer Concerns

Organization of you house and home management

Desire to know Christ better

Religious Liberty (updates at "Nation" or "World")

Photo of Jerusalem; Pictures of Israel Bible Map and Diagram
Robinson's Arch, Jerusalem

Nehemiah's Wall in Jerusalem 445 BC

In Isaiah 37:12-13 and 2 Kings 19:12-13 Sennecherib "sent his supreme commander, his chief officer and his field commander" to announce to the people of Jerusalem the names of the cities who had trusted in their gods for deliverance from the Assyrian invaders.
All these gods had failed.
(click on image for larger size)

A ancient relief of a menorah inscribed on a pillar in capernaum.
(click on image for larger size)

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Reps & Sets is a daily Bible devotional for Christians from Generation Word Bible Teaching used each morning and evening.

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Generation Word - Bible Teaching Ministry   Generation Word - Bible Teaching Ministry