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Rebuking Reform Doctrine  

Bible Teaching, Bible Study, Teaching, Verses, Sermons, online, mp3, classesA Bible Teaching Ministry of Galyn Wiemers

Daily Devotions, Evening and Morning Devotional


Sunrise on Temple Mount in Jerusalem; Back to Previous Devotion

June 11 - Evening

"God presides in the great assembly;
he renders judgment among the 'gods':
'How long will you defend the unjust
and show partiality to the wicked?

- Selah -

'Defend the weak and the fatherless;
uphold the cause of the poor and the oppressed.
Rescue the weak and the needy;
deliver them from the hand of the wicked!

The ‘gods’ know nothing, they understand nothing.
They walk about in darkness;
all the foundations of the earth are shaken.

'I said, "You are 'gods';
you are all sons of the Most High." ’

But you will die like mere mortals;
you will fall like every other ruler.

Rise up, O God, judge the earth,
for all the nations are your inheritance."

- Psalms 82:1-8

Sunset on the Sea of Galilee; Click to go to next devotion  

The Heavenly Councils Among the ‘gods’


There are two basic ways to understand Psalm 82. The first interpretation is an old traditional interpretation that understands the “gods” to be human judges and government officials. In this case the judges and leaders are being told to rule justly and deliver the oppressed because this was God’s intention when he assigned them their governmental position. These great human leaders are reminded that they themselves are mere humans and will die like humans. These ‘gods,’ or human leaders, will be evaluated by God concerning their time spent ruling on the earth. It will be good if these leading men can avoid the darkness created by the overwhelming pride in their earthly positions as leaders among men. If they succumb to their arrogance they will upset the very foundation of the human experience just like the verse says:

“The ‘gods’ know nothing, they understand nothing.
They walk about in darkness;
All the foundations of the earth are shaken.” – Psalm 82:5

There is a second worthy interpretation of Psalm 82 that deserves mention. This view places this great assembly in the heavenly realms with the Lord presiding over the angelic hosts who have assembled for this divine council. Scripture records divine councils such as this. Occasionally, the ‘gods’ (or, angels and other spiritual beings) are summoned to appear before the Lord, for example:

  • 1 Kings 22:19-23, Micaiah sees the Lord seated before multitudes of angelic spirits planning and orchestrating Ahab’s death.
  • Job 1:6-12, The angelic beings, including Satan, appear before the Lord. The issue is Job is presented to Satan
  • Job 2:1-6
  • Zechariah 1:7-17, patrolling angelic being report to the Lord concerning current political affairs in the world. The Lord then makes a decision, a ruling and a proclamation concerning the direction of history.
  • Zechariah 3:1-5, a heavenly court case involving the Lord, Satan and the priesthood of Israel.
  • Isaiah 6:1-13, Isaiah finds himself in the midst of an angelic assembly and is commissioned by the Lord to speak for God.
  • Daniel 7:9-14, thrones are set in place for a heavenly council and a final judgment begins.
  Christian Quote from Church History

"The Bible shows the way
to go to heaven, not the
way the heavens go."

- Galileo Galilei (1564-1642)

Something to Ponder??

Isaac Asimov (1920-1992), a professor of biochemistry at Boston University and author/editor of over 500 books, wrote this statement against those who accept the Bible as authentic and authoritative:

"Imagine the people who believe such things and who are not ashamed to ignore, totally, all the patient findings of thinking minds through all the centuries since the Bible was written. And it is these ignorant people, the most uneducated, the most unimaginative, the most unthinking among us, who would make themselves the guides and leaders of us all; who would force their feeble and childish beliefs on us; who would invade our schools and libraries and homes. I personally resent it bitterly."

Hebrew and Greek Word Study   Facts and Information

Epistomizo (Gr) – to muzzle or to close someone’s mouth (Eng) – the Greek word epistemizo comes from cultivated Greek and is not found in the common papyri writings.
is used in rhetoric. Epistemizo occurs in a debate when the adversary is
not allowed to defend himself because he is unable to respond due to the solid logic and
powerful reasoning of his opponent’s argument. Plato uses epistemizo to say:

“He allowed himself to be so tangled up by your speech that he was silenced for
he dared not say what he thought.”
(Grg. 482e) (English here)

Paul tells Titus to epistemizo those who are rebels, empty talkers and deceivers in Titus 1:11. Literally epistemizo says “put something on the mouth” which refers to
“putting a bit in a horse’s mouth.”


The Amarna Letters support the Old Testament account of events concerning the conquest of the Land in 1400-1300 BC. The Amarna tablets rebuke the critics who say Canaan was not settled and fortified during the days before Joshua’s entrance since the Amarna letters describes villages towns, camps, cities, provinces and fortifications in Canaan before Joshua arrived to conquer Canaan. (See here and here and here.)

Confession to Action   Facts and Information
I will   "A man who lacks judgment derides his neighhbor,
but a man of understanding
holds his tongue."

- Proverbs 11:12
Read the Bible in a Year; Bible Reading Program
Read one chapter each day to read through the narrative portion (or, the story line) of the whole Bible Genesis-Acts in one year. Read the General Text of the Bible Read the Complete Text of the Bible in a Year
(morning only) 2 Kings 18 2 Chronicles 2-3
Prayer for Today
Personal Prayer Church Prayer Item National Prayer Concerns World Prayer Concerns

For joy

Worship team

University Students

Photo of Jerusalem; Pictures of Israel Bible Map and Diagram

Dome of the Rock viewed from the Mount of Olives

Dome of the Rock viewed from the Mount of Olives

Diagram from The Word: Apparatus for Salvation, Renewal & Maturity by Galyn Wiemers
  Diagram from
The Word: Apparatus for Salvation, Renewal & Maturity, by Galyn Wiemers
  (click photo for larger image)
Details and Explanation of Sets & Reps Devotional System Here Make a donation to support Generation Word Bible Teaching Ministry
Reps & Sets is a daily Bible devotional for Christians from Generation Word Bible Teaching used each morning and evening.

  © 2005 Generation Word  
Generation Word - Bible Teaching Ministry   Generation Word - Bible Teaching Ministry