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Bible Teaching, Bible Study, Teaching, Verses, Sermons, online, mp3, classesA Bible Teaching Ministry of Galyn Wiemers

Daily Devotions, Evening and Morning Devotional


Sunrise on Temple Mount in Jerusalem; Back to Previous Devotion

July 19 - Evening

(The Girl Friend)
Dark am I, yet lovely, daughters of Jerusalem,
dark like the tents of Kedar,
like the tent curtains of Solomon.
Do not stare at me because I am dark,
because I am darkened by the sun.
My mother’s sons were angry with me
and made me take care of the vineyards;
my own vineyard I had to neglect.
Tell me, you whom I love, where you graze your flock
and where you rest your sheep at midday.
Why should I be like a veiled woman
beside the flocks of your friends?

(Girl Friends)
If you do not know, most beautiful of women,
follow the tracks of the sheep
and graze your young goats
by the tents of the shepherds.

(The Boy Friend)
I liken you, my darling, to a mare
among Pharaoh’s chariot horses.
Your cheeks are beautiful with earrings,
your neck with strings of jewels.
We will make you earrings of gold,
studded with silver.

(The Girl Friend)
While the king was at his table,
my perfume spread its fragrance.
My beloved is to me a sachet of myrrh
resting between my breasts.
My beloved is to me a cluster of henna blossoms
from the vineyards of En Gedi.

(The Boy Friend)
How beautiful you are, my darling!
Oh, how beautiful!
Your eyes are doves.

- Song of Solomon 1:5-15

Sunset on the Sea of Galilee; Click to go to next devotion  
The Song Begins    

Song of Solomon (or, Song of Songs) is similar in style to love poetry in Egypt from around the time of the Judges or the nineteenth and twentieth dynasties of Egypt (1305-1150 BC) (Papyrus Harris 500; The Cairo Love Songs; The Turin Love Song; The Papyrus Chester Beatty I Songs see HERE).

The Song of Solomon is similar to an album of songs or a musical. The book is a collection of several songs that are sung back and forth by:

  • A male singer (“Lover”)
  • A female singer (“Beloved”)
  • A female chorus (“Friends” of the girl or the female singer)

The singing begins with the female singer, the “Beloved” girl embarrassed and apologizing about her dark skin. In her part of the world and in her ancient culture dark skin from working in the sun was common. White skin was preferred because it was the color of the skin of the wealthy and the upper class who had servants to do the work. The color of the skin was not racial, but a social distinction. Skin color indicated class of people not race in this reference by the girl.

We do not know why her brothers were upset with her, but because of their decision she had to spend her time outside caring for the family vineyard (literally) and she did not have time to take care of her own vineyard (metaphorically her body, namely her skin).

She then addresses her boyfriend who is a shepherd. She asks him where they can rendezvous over his lunch hour. He needs to give her a time and a location otherwise she will have to cover her face with a veil and go out in public looking for him.

At this point in the musical (Song of Solomon 1:8) the female choir, which is made up of the girlfriend’s friends, giving her clues and general directions to her boyfriend.

In Song of Solomon 1:9-11 the boyfriend begins to speak/sing. First, he compares her appearance to that of one of Pharaoh’s chariot horses which were always exceptionally adorned in decorations and gold as is attested to many images and wall carvings (See Tutakhamen’s horses HERE). Or, he could be saying if she, a beautiful mare, ventured out among the shepherds there would be a commotion among the stallions (males). He then promises a gift of gold earrings with studs of silver to add to her beauty. The boy seems to be doing fairly well financially as a shepherd! So, he may be speaking metaphorically.

The girlfriend responds by calling her boyfriend “the king.” She speaks of the fragrance of her perfume reaching her boyfriend. And, likewise, his presence to her is like the rare, expensive spices from En Gedi, an oasis high above the western shore of the Dead Sea.

The boy responds by saying, “Your eyes are doves.” It is possible based on ancient sources that doves where a symbol of love or sexual attraction. This might be similar to our modern use of the shape of a heart. A cylinder seal from 1750 shows a goddess disrobing before a god and doves fluttering above her head to give a clear indication of her intent. The dove is used as an image of sexual arousal and love in ancient artwork in Assyria, Mitanni and Greece. (Doves HERE)
  Christian Quote from Church History
"If any presbyter despises his own bishop and assembles separately and prepares another altar, when he has nothing to condemn in his bishop either as to piety or righteousness, let him be deprived as an ambitious person."
- "Apostolic Constitutions",
390 AD
Something to Ponder??

Pastors and parents often try to blame the government and public schools for the cultural decline of our American society. They also throw sitcoms and Hollywood into the boiling cauldron of responsibility. But, the truth of the matter is our children have been lost long before sitcoms, schools and socialism got a hold of them.

Only 19% of a group who call themselves born again have a Christian worldview.
If pastors were actually teaching the Bible maybe people would believe in absolute truth, a creator, biblical principles of society, sin, the sin nature of man and the existence of evil. Read this except from Barna's report and maybe you can see how far gone we are as a society.

"The research data showed that one pattern emerged loud and clear: young adults rarely possess a biblical worldview. The current study found that less than one-half of one percent of adults in the Mosaic generation – i.e., those aged 18 to 23 – have a biblical worldview, compared to about one out of every nine older adults."
(See Barna Research)

( from Galyn's Blog here)
Hebrew and Greek Word Study   Facts and Information

Thalpo (Gr) – to warm up (Eng) – the Greek word thalpo literally means “reheat,” and “keep hot.”
It is used this way in the Septuagint’s translation of Deuteronomy 22:6
can also be used to mean “to comfort” as in “to keep warm by showing comfort.”

We can find thalpo used by Paul in:

  An inside view of the Double Gate in the south wall of the Temple Mount that was used to access the stairs leading up to the surface pavement of the Temple Mount in the days of the New Testament can be seen here:

(More details here)
Confession to Action   Facts and Information
I will speak flattering words and say kind things to my spouse.   "Houses and wealth are inherited from parents, but a prudent wife is from the Lord."
- Proverbs 19:14
Read the Bible in a Year; Bible Reading Program
Read one chapter each day to read through the narrative portion (or, the story line) of the whole Bible Genesis-Acts in one year. Read the General Text of the Bible Read the Complete Text of the Bible in a Year
(morning only) Ezekiel 22 2 Chronicles 30-31; Psalm 48
Prayer for Today
Personal Prayer Church Prayer Item National Prayer Concerns World Prayer Concerns

Opportunity to lead someone to Christ

of the Truth
would be clear

Chief Justice

Photo of Jerusalem; Pictures of Israel Bible Map and Diagram
Mosaic floors at Sepphoris. Ezekiel is given a tour of the future temple beginning in Ezekiel 40. This diagram shows where Ezekiel was taken and the sequence of his walk through the temple.
Mosaic floors at Sepphoris. Ezekiel is given a tour of the future temple beginning in
Ezekiel 40. This diagram shows where Ezekiel was taken
and the sequence of his walk through the temple.
(click on images for larger size)  
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Reps & Sets is a daily Bible devotional for Christians from Generation Word Bible Teaching used each morning and evening.

  © 2005 Generation Word  
Generation Word - Bible Teaching Ministry   Generation Word - Bible Teaching Ministry