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Bible Teaching, Bible Study, Teaching, Verses, Sermons, online, mp3, classesA Bible Teaching Ministry of Galyn Wiemers

Daily Devotions, Evening and Morning Devotional


Sunrise on Temple Mount in Jerusalem; Back to Previous Devotion

January 23 - Morning

"“Pharaoh said, “Who is the Lord, that I should
obey him and let Israel go?
I do not know the Lord and I will not let Israel go.”  
- Exodus 5:2

Sunset on the Sea of Galilee; Click to go to next devotion  

Why Should I Obey the Lord? Who is He When Compared to Me?


The Pharaoh of Egypt knew the names of many gods and worshipped many gods. In fact, the Pharaoh of Egypt was considered to have traits of deity himself. Even the gods of the Semitic people from the land of Canaan were familiar to Pharaoh including Baal. Egyptian writing includes quotes claiming the king of Egypt was “great in power like Baal over foreign lands” and that the Pharaoh had a “roar like that of Baal in heaven.”  

This information gives us insight into Pharaoh’s intention when he says, “Who is the Lord…?” Pharaoh most likely had heard of the gods of Canaan and was familiar with the existence of the Hebrew God. Although, it is possible very few were familiar with his name “the Lord.” If Pharaoh was educated at all, and he was, then Pharaoh would have at least known what and who the Hebrews believed in. Pharaoh was not ignorant of the Lord, but Pharaoh did not consider the Lord to be a viable force of contention considering all the other gods and the fact that Pharaoh himself was a god. The Hebrew deity called Yahweh was not going to be recognized or respected in Pharaoh’s court, and there would definitely not be any negotiations with Yahweh’s messengers.

Pharaoh’s statement, “Who is the Lord, that I should obey him…,” includes a statement concerning Pharaoh’s own opinion concerning his deity compared to the authority of Yahweh: “…that I should obey him…” In Pharaoh’s worldview Yahweh had no right to make any demands on Pharaoh. Pharaoh’s world taught him that he himself was a god, that Pharaoh himself had authority and that this God of the Hebrew slaves was clearly either conquered or non-existent.

With this philosophical and theological perspective there is no wonder why Pharaoh opposed and resisted Moses. A man like Pharaoh didn’t just give into anyone who made a demand on him. Pharaoh dismisses Moses’ demand and Yahweh’s authority by saying, “I do not know Yahweh,” which means he does not recognize Yahweh as a god. So, Pharaoh’s social policies and political action stem not from the fear and honor of Yahweh, but from a bold, brazen confidence that Pharaoh had the right to rule and the power to enforce his policies which included oppression of the Hebrews.

This encounter is on a collision course where two contrary theologies and two opposite world views cannot coexist unless one of them is will to step down and give heed to the other. Yahweh is making his move by saying he has come to do his will, and Egypt must cooperate if they hope to exist. Or, Egypt must resist and successfully oppose Yahweh’s agenda. As long as Yahweh is willing to wait and allow a contrary theology and worldview some room Egypt can pretend they have the truth. But, once Yahweh arises and asks them to make a decision Egypt’s time for promoting false philosophies and worthless gods will come to a sick, dark, tragic death of plagues and disasters.
It is interesting to contrasts Pharaoh’s question with Moses’ question when they were both approached by God:

  • Moses said, “Who am I?” and consider himself far inferior to the majestic God in Exodus 3:11.
  • Pharaoh said, “Who is Yahweh?” and consider himself far superior to the majestic God in Exodus 5:2

Today many people have been taught like Pharaoh that the Lord is not a viable force, but that there are other forces much more real than God, including our own individual authority and personal desires. It would not be at all surprising to hear people of our generation say, "Who is the Lord, that I should obey him?" And, this is true because the Lord's authority has been ignored by the world both inside and outside of the church. And, the individual’s preference and rights have been exalted inside and outside the church.

  Christian Quote from Church History

"You don't have a soul. You are a Soul. You have a body."
- CS Lewis




Something to Ponder??

In countries with totalitarian governments you cannot criticize the government, but you can criticize Darwin.

In America you can criticize the government, you can even criticize the president, but you dare not criticize Darwin.

Hebrew and Greek Word Study   Facts and Information


‘Emet (Hb) - Truth(Eng) – ‘emet is the Hebrew word that means “truth” or “conformity to the facts.” But, this is more than facts that are scientifically accurate. ‘Emet was also a moral reference that spoke of God’s trustworthiness and dependability. ‘Emet included the character of God and could
be used to refer to men who were also ‘emet, or to men who rejected ‘emet.
In Daniel 8:12 and 9:13 ‘emet was cast down to the ground by men.     


Paul preached in the city of Perga in Pamphylia in Acts 14:25. There are notable archaeological remains at this 151 acre site. A theater from Paul’s day that seated 14,000 has been discovered and partially excavated.  Also located there are the city walls and defensive towers built in 200 BC. A large horseshoe shaped gate from the New Testament time remains in the south wall.

(Map and Photo options here. Photos of theater and cardo street and gate.)
Confession to Action   Facts and Information
Do I marvel at God's ability in my life or at my own ability? I will seek to see God's wonder and God's work in my daily routine. I will look for God's direction in my life.   "When you sit to dine
with a ruler,
    note well what is
before you,
and put a knife to your throat
    if you are given to gluttony.
Do not crave his delicacies,
    for that food is deceptive."
- Proverbs 23:1-3
Read the Bible in a Year; Bible Reading Program
Read one chapter each day to read through the narrative portion (or, the story line) of the whole Bible Genesis-Acts in one year. Read the General Text of the Bible Read the Complete Text of the Bible in a Year
Genesis 25 Genesis 26 Genesis 32-33
Prayer for Today
Personal Prayer Church Prayer Item National Prayer Concerns World Prayer Concerns
Improved understanding of love Financial Support and Responsible Spending President’s administration Anti-Christian secularism, aggressive atheism
Photo of Jerusalem; Pictures of Israel Bible Map and Diagram
Robinson's Arch, Jerusalem



Nehemiah's Wall in Jerusalem 445 BC

View of the Dead Sea...notice the low water level in this photo.
(click on image for larger size)
The five cycles of national judgment from Leviticus 26.
(click on image for larger size)
Details and Explanation of Sets & Reps Devotional System Here Make a donation to support Generation Word Bible Teaching Ministry
Reps & Sets is a daily Bible devotional for Christians from Generation Word Bible Teaching used each morning and evening.

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Generation Word - Bible Teaching Ministry   Generation Word - Bible Teaching Ministry