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Bible Teaching, Bible Study, Teaching, Verses, Sermons, online, mp3, classesA Bible Teaching Ministry of Galyn Wiemers

Daily Devotions, Evening and Morning Devotional


Sunrise on Temple Mount in Jerusalem; Back to Previous Devotion

February 5 - Evening

" Every grain offering you bring to the Lord must be made without yeast, for you are not to burn any yeast or honey in a food offering presented to the Lord. You may bring them to the Lord as an offering of the firstfruits, but they are not to be offered on the altar as a pleasing aroma. Season all your grain offerings with salt. Do not leave the salt of the covenant of your God out of your grain offerings; add salt to all your offerings."

- Leviticus 2:11-13

Sunset on the Sea of Galilee; Click to go to next devotion  
The Salt of the Covenant    

The grain offering was brought by an Israelite to the Lord as fine flour with oil and incense on it. The priest would take a handful of the fine flour mixture and burn it as a memorial offering.

This grain offering could not include yeast or honey. The reason for this prohibition seems to be related to the potential of fermentation which would corrupt the original condition of the substance offered. Yeast causes decay through the fermentation process. In extreme cases yeast will sour dough if it is left unattended and honey can ferment under certain conditions. Any kind of decay is associated with sin, the fallen nature of the world, immorality, impurity, corruption, death, etc. In fact, honey was used in Assyria and Anatolia to honor the gods of the dead and the underworld

So, absolutely no yeast and no honey in the grain offering, but as offering of firstfruits yeast is acceptable (Lev. 23:17, 20). Honey was included in firstfruits offered during Hezekiah’s reign (2 Chr. 31;5). But, yeast and honey are never used in burnt offerings.

On the other hand, salt was always a necessity! Salt is generally considered a covenant food among the Greeks in the West and the Arabs in the East. In the world of 1400 BC salt was a shared substance between covenant parties. A Babylonian letter from this time speaks of their allies as those who had “tasted the salt of the Jakin tribe.” This reference to tasting the salt of their tribe was meant to remind the recipients of the letter that they had eaten the salt from their allies (the Jakin tribe in this case) table, and so where obligated as a covenant partner.

Likewise, Israel shared their salt with God so as to reinforce their understanding of the covenant relationship they had with the Lord. The use of the phrase “the salt of the covenant of your God” in Leviticus 2:13 would indicate that the salt was a symbol of the original covenant the Israelites had with God. This covenant was the motive for using the sacrificial system. The sacrifices and offerings maintained their covenant relationship with God, because the sacrifices atoned for sins and preserved Israel’s standing in their covenant with God.

In the ancient world salt was indestructible. Salt would have been an indication that the covenant was eternal and indestructible. The symbolic value of salt was very important.

Salt was part of the eternal covenant with the priests of Israel promising provisions for their priestly families. It is called a covenant of salt in Numbers 18:19:

”Whatever is set aside from the holy offerings the Israelites present to the Lord I give to you and your sons and daughters as your regular share. It is an everlasting covenant of salt before the Lord for both you and your offspring.”

In Second Chronicles 13:5 the Davidic covenant is referred to as a covenant of salt that will last forever:

"Don’t you know that the Lord, the God of Israel, has given the kingship of Israel to David and his descendants forever by a covenant of salt?”

Notice in Ezra 4:14 in the ESV translation where the Hebrew wording is preserved the Samaritans consider themselves covenant partners and obligated to be loyal to the Persian king because of the salt they have eaten from the Persian palace:

“Now because we eat the salt of the palace and it is not fitting for us to witness the king's dishonor, therefore we send and inform the king.”

It is worth noting that the salt may also be a reminder to both parties of a covenant of the curses that would be inflicted upon the one that broke the covenant obligations. A Hittite treaty includes the curse that if the treaty is broken “he and his family and his lands, like salt that has no seed, likewise have no offspring.”

  Christian Quote from Church History

""Christianity did not destroy paganism; it adoptied it."
- Will Durant





Something to Ponder??
Although Christianity began in the Middle East and moved into North Africa in the very first generation, the lowest concentration of Christians (4% of the population) and the smallest number of Christians (13 million) of any major geographic region is found in the Middle East and in North Africa today.
Hebrew and Greek Word Study   Facts and Information

Phobeo (Gr) – Fear Eng) - phobeo is Greek verb that means “fear” and “terror.” The Greek word originates from phobomai which means “to flee.” The word phobeo can also be used as a noun to express “awe,” “honor,” or reverence.”


Stepped Stone Structure -
This is a 12-story high foundation structure built on the slope of the Kidron Valley below the City of David
(OT Jerusalem).
It was built to support a large fortress and governmental building during the
Late Bronze Age (1400-1200) or Iron Age (1200-1000 BC). Parts of it were built and reinforced during the time of David and Solomon, although a large portion of it was built before the time of David
by the Jebusites.

This was the ancient Jebusite “Fortress of Zion” that David and Joab attacked in 2 Samuel 5:7 and 1 Chronicles 11:5. It is also the Millo that is mentioned in 2 Samuel 5:9 that David “built the city roundabout from the Millo inward.” The Hebrew root for millo is ml’ which means “filling” which gives the Hebrew word Millo to refer to a large fill for construction to support a building or a terrace made out of a series of stones filled in for support of a slope.  The Millo is also mentioned in First Kings 9:15 and Second Chronicles 32:5:

“Here is the account of the forced labor King Solomon conscripted to build the Lord’s temple, his own palace, the supporting terraces (Millo), the wall of Jerusalem, and Hazor, Megiddo and Gezer.”
– First Kings 9:15

“Then he (Hezekiah) worked hard repairing all the broken sections of the wall and building towers on it. He (Hezekiah) built another wall outside that one and reinforced the supporting terraces (Millo) of the City of David. He (Hezekiah) also made large numbers of weapons and shields.”
– Second Chronicles 32:5

This Millo, or Stepped Stone Structure nearly doubled the area to build on in narrow ridge of the northern part
of the City of David.
(Details here, here and here.
Photos here, here and here.)

Confession to Action   Facts and Information
Have I entered into the New Covenant with God through faith in Jesus Christ?
I will trust in the New Covenant promised in Jeremiah 31:31 and
spoken of by Jesus in Matthew 26:28 and referred to in Hebrews 12:24.
  "Her (the adulteress) feet go down to death; her steps lead straight to the grave.
She gives no thought to
the way of life;
her paths are crooked,
but she knows it not."
- Proverbs 5:5-6
Read the Bible in a Year; Bible Reading Program
Read one chapter each day to read through the narrative portion (or, the story line) of the whole Bible Genesis-Acts in one year. Read the General Text of the Bible Read the Complete Text of the Bible in a Year
(morning only) Exodus 4 Exodus 21
Prayer for Today
Personal Prayer Church Prayer Item National Prayer Concerns World Prayer Concerns
Family friends and
their children
Heal the broken Military and
National Defense
Sudan’s north and
south division
Photo of Jerusalem; Pictures of Israel Bible Map and Diagram
Robinson's Arch, Jerusalem Nehemiah's Wall in Jerusalem 445 BC

This is a herodian ashlar stone on the SE corner of the Temple Mount retaining wall in Jerusalem. The protruding square knob on the side was used for attaching ropes to pull and position the block on the wall. Once the block was set in place this knob was usually removed by the stonemasons.
(click on image for larger size)

The small extention on this Hebrew letter is known as the tittle. This Hebrew letter with the tittle is the letter beth. The letter becomes the Hebrew letter kaph if there is no tittle.
(click on image for larger size)
Details and Explanation of Sets & Reps Devotional System Here Make a donation to support Generation Word Bible Teaching Ministry
Reps & Sets is a daily Bible devotional for Christians from Generation Word Bible Teaching used each morning and evening.

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Generation Word - Bible Teaching Ministry   Generation Word - Bible Teaching Ministry