Partaking of the meal in an unworthy manner is now the theme.
“Unworthy” is “anaxiwV” and it means “unworthily or not in accordance with their value.” An example of eating the meal in an “unworthy” (or “not in accordance with the value” or purpose of the meal) manner would be:
“Guilty” is a technical legal term to express liability. In its construction here it can mean to the person sinned against or the crime itself. It can mean:
enocoV estai tou swmatoV kai tou aimatoV tou kuriou
Guilty will be of the body and of the blood of the Lord.
Partaking of the meal in an unworthy manner then is equal to sharing the guilt of those who put him to death.
Dishonoring the symbol of the king (example: burning the flag) is an act of dishonoring the one the symbol represents.
“h” (“a”) “or” instead of “kai” (“kai”) “and” Since the bread and cup were passed at different times during the meal you could drink or eat one in an unworthy manner without eating or drinking the other in an unworthy manner.
“cup of the Lord” is the cup of fellowship with the Lord. Consider 1 Cor. 10:21 – “cup of demons” which indicates you are fellowshipping and drinking in the presence of demons.
To avoid dishonoring the symbol a man should make sure he is who he should be. Are you in the right state of mind and are you acting in an acceptable manner that is worthy of claiming to be in right standing with the king?
“Examine” is dokimazo. It means to examine and to approve after examination. This word refers to testing metals of a coin to see if they are genuine.
In this case when dokimazo or dokimazo is applied to the believer in Jesus Christ that believer should examine himself to see if he is what he says he is. Are you a Christian? Then examine yourself to see if you really are a Christian.
After “dokimazo” there are two appropriate responses:
Notice the reference to “eats the bread” and not to “eats the body.” Another verse that undermines the concept of transubstantiation.
“Recognizing the body” means not to recognize his death.
“Recognizing” is the word “dokimazo” again.
This is not a reference to the bread but to what the bread represents – the death of the Lord.
This verse is warning against:
Spiritual problems do lead to physical problems in many cases (Not all though.) Because of their poor spiritual condition and failure to develop spiritual understanding the Corinthians had suffered illnesses and death.
Even in a church such as
11:31 – We can judge ourselves
“If” is “ei” with the indicative. This form is used for a contrary to fact conditional clause. Or, the second class condition “if and it is not true.”
“judged ourselves” has the verb “judged” in imperfect tense which means we should make judging ourselves a continuous practice. This refers back to 11:28 where it is said “a man ought to examine himself before he eats of the bread and drinks of the cup.” So the judging of ourselves is the “dokimozw” of examining of ourselves to see if we are what we should be.
If we habitually tested ourselves and came to a correct conclusion we would not need to be judged by the Lord.
Notice Paul says “if we judged ourselves”. Paul does not say “if you Corinthians judged yourselves”
11:32 – God can judge us
Even judgment by the Lord is an act of love and grace for he is disciplining us so we will not be condemned with the world.
“So then” is “hoste” and introduces the logical conclusion of Paul’s criticism of the Corinthian’s failure to practice the Lord’s Supper correctly.
verse indicates what the main problem was that was violating the Lord’s Supper
“wait for each other” is the correct translation and the usual meaning of the Greek verb. (Heb. 10:13; 11:10; James 5:7)
If you are hungry eat at home.
The purpose of the Lord’s Supper is not to fill you up but to remember the Lord’s death until he returns.
It is important we evaluate our purpose, motive and focus at the Lord’s Supper.
are other items of doctrine and practice concerning the Lord’s Supper that Paul
will explain and elaborate on when he arrives in
The Lord’s Supper was at this time similar to a cultic meal or Passover meal.
Paul here seems to direct it more towards a ceremony.