Notes, Maps and Photos for Matthew
of cities and land marks in
The Time Frame Between the Temptations (Matt. 4:11) and Jesus returning to
The time between Jesus
ending the temptations in 4:11 and Jesus entering
Galilee is a region west of
the Jordan River and the Sea of Galilee with
Josephus says the land was all cultivated and had no waste land.
There were about 200 cities
and villages in
It is 12 miles from Cana to
Largest city on Galilee was
The capital of
Jesus grew up 3.5 miles south of Sepphoris in Nazareth, which was also 1.5 miles east of one of Galilee's other largest cities, Japhia.
Tiberias was rumored to have been built over a cemetery so the Jews were reluctant to live in Tiberius.
The Gospels never record Jesus entering Tiberius.
The most important roads
Three disciples were from
here, plus Peter and Andrew moved here from
Fishing and the industrial
production of basalt implements (olive presses and grain grinders) were made
here and shipped around
There was a custom station there because it was close to Philip's territory (Matt. 9:9).
Franciscans own it today and have excavated the city, the synagogue and built a church.
Capernaum as seen from Galilee (notice the structure which is a modern church built over an ancient church which was built over a house from the time of Jesus. It is assumed the early Christians built a church over Peter's home in Capernaum (http://www.holylandphotos.org)
These are residences or homes in Capernaum. Notice the Sea of Galilee at the top of the photo
Here is the ancient church built over one of the homes in Capernaum.
Here you can see the remains of the residences with the modern church built over an ancient church which was built over one of the homes in Capernaum.
This is the remains of the synagouge in Capernaum. Notice the darker stones at the base below the lighter stones. These darker stones are the original foundation stones made out of basalt stone which is found in Capernaum. This is the ancient foundation of the synagouge that Jesus preached in. The lighter stones were built on top of the older synagogue around 300-400 AD.
This is inside the synagogue
Matthew again uses an Old Testament passage as a prophetic reference to Jesus.
John's arrest recorded in Matthew 14:3-12. Jesus will withdraw again in Matthew 14 at John's death.
Josephus said that Herod Antipas saw John the Baptist as a source of sedition
"arrest" is a technical term for handing someone over into custody. Judas does this to Jesus but it is translated "betray."
indicates some kind of danger to avoid as it is used with the Magi (2:12).
Herod Antipas ruled both Perea and
Jesus' preaching in
"left" also means "abandoned"
Luke 4:16-31 says they rejected him
Matthew writes "what is written in Scripture must find its fulfillment.
Matthew says the reason
Jesus spend the majority of his ministry in
"way to sea"
refers to the road that ran south out of
Gentiles" was the northern part of the
"live in darkness" or "sit in darkness" indicates more than a passing moment. They are habitually in darkness.
"darkness" refers to deception, delusion, despondence. These people have no hope and no ability to alleviate their problem.
"Great light" is a reference to something more than human and beyond natural light (not an idea, nor a philosophy). Emphasis is on "great" and it refers to a divine intervention
"living" or "sitting" is repeated as is the reference to "light".
"shadow of death" is a reference to a region or an area under the control of death and darkness. This is like Ephesians 2:1-3 referring to this dark world.
"Light has dawned" the people did not produce the light. The light has dawned on its own.
The Light has been identified by Isaiah and Matthew as:
This Light is divine
"From then" a new beginning, a new phase or direction of ministry
Upon arriving in Capernaum Jesus began the next phase of his ministry.
Jesus theme is: