First Samuel 21


Priestly Family (1 Chronicles 24:3; 1 Samuel 14:3)


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Eli


††††††††††† Hophni†††††††††††† Phineas


Ichabod††††††††††† †††††† †††† †††††††Ahitub


††††††† Zadok††† ††††††Ahimelech (Ahijah)


††††††††††† †††††††††† Azariah††††† Ahimaaz†††† ††††††Abiathar


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† ††† Ahimelech


Nob is1 Ĺ miles NE of Jerusalem; 2 Ĺ miles SE of Gibeah

This is where a temporary tabernacle was set up (minus the ark which was still at Kiriath Jearim.


Ahimelech trembled knowing Davidís fame but also that he was at odds with the King



Cermonially unclean from Exodus 19:14-15; Lev. 15:18



The Bread of the presence was baked and placed before the Lord in the holy place in the tabernacle.After its symbolic service this bread was given to the priest to eat.


Abhimelech gives the bread to David because human need comes before ceremonial law.

(Matthew 12:1-8; Mark 2:23-28; Luke 6;1-5)



Doeg the Edomiteis detained before the Lord at the tabernacle was a proselyte and had some ceremonial business at the tabernacle.He was Saulís head shepherd.



Golitathís sword was originally part of Davidís plunder but he apparently dedicated it to the Lord in recognition of who actually was responsible for the victory over Goliath.



Davidís Flight

        First to the priest in Nob

        Second to Gath in Philistia (21:10-15)

        Third to Adullam in Judah (22:1-2)

        Fourth to Mizpah in Moab (22:3-5)



David pretends to be crazy to seek deliverance from Achish:

1)      To kill a crazy man meant to release his demon which then might come on the killer

2)      Crazy people where often considered to have influence in the spiritual realm and so where believed to have the favor of the gods.


Davidís deception:

Lied about mission, his men, food and weapon


God trying to reach David:

Ahimelechís questions, The Bread of Presence, Doegís presence, Goliathís sword, Ephod


David Trusting his own Wisdom Comes up with a Bad Plan:

Go to Philsitines, Go to Goliathís hometown of Gath, Go to the palace, Appear before the king


Davidís Plan to Deliver Himself from his First Plan:

Act like an insane person so Philistines see Godís hero acting crazy


Psalm 34


Psalm 56:1-13