dikaiosunh RIGHTEOUSNESS gar FOR qeou OF GOD
en IN autw IT apokaluptetai IS REVEALED ek BY pistewV FAITH
eiV TO pistin FAITH; kaqwV ACCORDING AS
gegraptai IT HAS BEEN WRITTEN, o BUT de THE dikaioV JUST
ek BY pistewV FAITH zhsetai SHALL LIVE.
1) Through the gospel knowledge is acquired concerning the righteousness of God.
2) This word is used by Paul and in Jewish writing as the uncovering or revealing of God’s plan of redemption
as it develops in history. So the gospel makes manifest the
righteousness of God.
The result is that the righteousness of God itself is brought into existence.
Number 2 above is how Paul uses the word other places.
marturoumenh BEING BORNE WITNESS upo BY tou THE nomou LAW kai AND twn THE profhtwn PROPHETS
This could mean:
a) An attribute of God - “the righteous character which God is”
a. God is faithful and does what is right
is especially true concerning
b) The status given by God “the righteous standing which God gives”
a. This was the way Luther viewed this.
b. The new position the believer is placed in
c) An action or work done by God - “the righteous activity which comes from God”
Greek word is often used in the Septuagint to refer to God intervenes in
history for the well being of his people.
These acts are called the righteous acts of God.
In a sense all three are true even at the same time in this verse.
Paul is probably using the third meaning and referring to a righteous activity done by God for the salvation of his people.
"Because I have sinned against him, I will bear the Lord's wrath, until
he pleads my case and establishes my right.
He will bring me out into the light; I will see his righteousness."
"I am bringing my righteousness near, it is not far away; and my
not be delayed. I will grant salvation to Zion, my splendor to Israel."
the "righteousness of God" is the saving work of God foretold by the
prophets, accomplished on the cross and revealed
every time the gospel is preached.
when this "righteousness of God" (his faithful work of saving his
people) is revealed to us through the preaching of the gospel there is a
reaction in our souls, in our minds, in our understanding. God's righteous acts can not be revealed without there being a reaction.
We then believe the message of God's righteous act of salvation. We are said to have faith. When we believe this message of God's
righteous acts we then receive this righteousness of God.
On one hand the righteousness of God is an activity done by God.
- Righteousness of God is a divine activity
On the other had the righteousness of God is a status given to believers
- Righteousness of God is a status received as a gift
Righteousness of God
A) A righteous act of salvation done by a righteous God
B) Proclaiming, teaching, revealing the righteous act of God
C) Believing the message about the righteous act of God that has been done
D) Receiving the status equal to the
righteousness of God because you believed
the message about God's righteous act of salvation
this righteousness of God is both a divine
activity and a human status that
received by faith expressed by humans who hear and believe the message.
This concept is found even in the Old Testament
"Righteousness of God" is both an activity of God and a status of men
This is the process by which God has always brought people into right standing with himself.
He does something for them. If they believe the announcement or the activity their relationship with God is forever changed.
1. First, positionally, by being justified before God
2. Second, morally, by being sanctified in themselves
(Justification and Sanctification are two different things but are connected)
1) Paul's OT readers would have understood this use of "righteousness of God"
2) It captures both the divine activity and the human response of salvation
3) This helps us understand how Paul can use the term "righteous" in reference to
humans. It is because he is focusing on the end result of God's righteous acts.
Romans 3:24, "This righteousness from God comes through faith in Jesus Christ to all who believe."
Romans 1:16, The gospel "is the power of God for the salvation of everyone who believes."
"From faith to faith"
Some in the early church explained this as being "from faith in the law to faith in the gospel."
Augustine suggested it means from the faith of the preacher to the faith of the hearer.
Calvin taught that faith to faith referred to Christian growth. As our faith grows we
appreciate more and more of the righteousness of God
Barth said the first faith referred to God's faithfulness and the second to our response of faith
Some believe it is against Judiasm and means we begin by faith and we have faith. We never begin by law and move towards works.
The safe interpretation is that our righteousness begins and ends with faith.
The NIV seems to believe the Greek "ek BY pistewV
FAITH eiV TO pistin
is a rhetorical statement and means “by faith from first to last”
“ek” could mean “out of” or "from".
Every aspect of salvations comes to us by faith: Justification, Sanctification, Glorification, Adoption, Redemption
Paul seems to explain "from faith to faith" with a quote form Habakkuk 2:4
Paul quotes, "de THE dikaioV JUST ek BY pistewV FAITH zhsetai SHALL LIVE
"The righteous will live by his faith." NIV
“The just shall live by his faith.” KJ
“The just shall live by his faith.” NKJ
“The righteous will live by his faith.” NAS
“One who is righteous, by his faithfulness,
Paul’s quote is stressing, “He who is righteous by faith . . . will live.”
Or, to tie it in with the statement it is being used to explain “faith to faith” the quote from Habakkuk 2:4 is saying,
“He who is righteous by faith. . .will live his life by faith and be righteous.”
"Abram believed the Lord, and he credited it to him as righteousness."
("credited" means "reckon, esteem, account"
Galatians 3:6, "Consider Abraham: 'He believed God, and it was credited to him as righteousness."
2:20-23, "You foolish man, do you
want evidence that faith without deeds is useless. . .You see that
his faith and his actions were working together, and his faith was made complete by what he did.
And the scripture was fulfilled that says, 'Abraham believed God, and it was credited to him as righteousness.
". ..You see that a person is justified by what he does and not by faith alone."