Peter begins a call to holiness:

1)      his theme of hope is introduced as the basis for holiness

2)      he then moves to the relationship aspect as reason for holiness

3)      he finalizes the discussion on holiness with a call to live holy


“Prepare” is anazwsamenoi (Aorist Middle) – “to bind up, to gather up, to gird up         

The word refers to the habit of the Orientals, who quickly gather up their loose robes with a girdle or belt when in a hurry or at the start of a journey                        because the easterners’ long flowing robes would impede physical activity unless tucked under the belt.  One worker describes tavern keepers who worked          in front of their taverns with their tunics belted high.” (Linguistic and Exegetical Key” by Cleon Rogers)

“Mind” refers to not just the intellectual side of man but the whole inner part of man that leads him, motivates him, sets his attitude and helps him make decisions.


nhfonteV BEING SOBER       teleiwV PERFECTLY       elpisate  HOPE      epi IN      thn THE       feromenhn  BEING BROUGHT       umin TO YOU       carin  GRACE             en AT        apokaluyei REVELATION      ihsou OF JESUS         cristou CHRIST


“Being Brought” (or, NIV “given”)  is feromenhn (present passive participle)  means “to carry, to bear, to bring.                                                                          The Present Participle pictures the process like ‘that is being brought’  Although a present participle can have a future force, it is used

here in keeping with the writer’s conviction that the object of their hope is already

virtually within his readers’ grasp.” (Linguistic and Exegetical Key” by Cleon Rogers)


Hope is to be in the reward at the return of Christ and not on the rewards of this age.

There is a grace that is received upon hearing the revelation of Jesus.


Two ways to totally place hope in Christ and his future:

1)      Getting your minds ready

2)      Be balanced.

Both of these are participles in the Greek that explain the imperative in the Greek:  The   command to Hope!

In the English “prepare your minds for action” and “be self-controlled” appear as imperatives themselves.  There is only one imperative: Hope!  These other two       are the way you fulfill the command to Hope.



wV AS        tekna CHILDREN         upakohV OF OBEDIENCE      mh NOT suschmatizomenoi  FASHIONING YOURSELVES       taiV TO THE           proteron  FORMER          en  th IN                 

umwn YOUR           epiqumiaiV DESIRES


“Conform” is suschmatizomenoi (present middle particlple) and means “to form    together, to conform.” 

·        The Middle Voice means here “do not fashion yourselves”         or “do not allow yourself to be fashioned,”

·        Used in Romans 12:2

·        Refers to forming to the outside world

·        Assuming an outward appearance that does not come from your inner nature (dhildren of odedience) nor does it represent what is non the inside

·        This is a believer dressed up like the world

·        Imperative


“Former” is proteron and means “former, previous”


“Ignorance” is agnoia and it refers to an ignorance that is a moral and religious defect considered to be rebellion to God.

·        The reference to them living in ignorance shows that these were Gentile readers (Acts 17:23, 30; Eph. 4:18)


We have a new nature but we can either become holy like we are on the inside or we can put on a costume like the world



alla BUT       kata ACCORDING AS      ton HE WHO      kalesanta CALLED umaV YOU      agion IS HOLY          kai ALSO              autoi YOURSELVES agioi HOLY       en IN               pash ALL YOUR             anastrofh CONDUCT genhqhte BE YE


“Holy” is agion (from “agioV”) and means “separate, marked off, holy, set apart.”     When used in    reference to God it refers to his character which is perfect and his                attributes separate him from creation.    


“Do” or “Conduct” is anastrofh means “conduct, or active life.” 

  • Used in Greek to refer to public life and activities in relation to other people.
  • This is the first use of a key word in 1 Peter: "behavior" or “Anastrophe that will be used in 1:18; 2:12; 3:1, 2, 16.
  • More than observance of rituals or codes but a lifestyle in everyday life


“Be Ye genhqhte is from the verb ginomai and is not the verb for “being” as in “being holy” but is “becoming” (ingressive aorist) for “becoming holy”



dioti BECAUSE         gegraptai IT HAS BEEN WRITTEN        agioi HOLY genesqe BE YE           oti BECAUSE         egw I       agioV HOLY       eimi  AM


“It has been written” gegraptai  or  the perfect tense emphasizes the continuing results so it would be “it stands written.”

  • Greeks used this word to refer to legal documents with continued validity.
  • The perfect tense speaks of past completed action having present results
  • “It has been written and as a present result is on record.”


“Be Holy”

  • Leviticus 19:2; 11:44-45; 20:7



kai AND      ei IF AS       patera FATHER    epikaleisqe YE CALL ON ton HIM WHO    aproswpolhptwV WITHOUT REGARD OF PERSONS krinonta JUDGES       kata ACCORDING      to TO THE          ekastou OF EACH      ergon WORK        en IN      fobw FEAR        ton THE            thV  paroikiaV  umwn OF YOUR SOJOURN          cronon TIME          anastrafhte PASS YE


"If" means "since" here (a first class condition in Greek). We do call on God as our Father because He is our Father (Matt. 6:4, 6, 9; Luke 11:2; Rom. 8:15; Gal. 4:6).

  • Not a hypothesis but a fulfilled condition
  • “If” followed by an indicative mood means the hypothesis is actual fact
  • These readers are believers


“Call on” is epikaleisqe  “to call, to call upon, to invoke, to appeal to”


“Strangers” is paroikia.  It means temporary residency or a temporary stay as a resident in a place without taking out or being granted citizenship                                    and the rights of being a citizen.

“Impartially” aproswpolhptwV  "impartially, without showing respect or favoritism"

  • Literally “does not receive face”
  • Point – No one receives favor because of who they are.  We will all be judged on:
    • Our relationship with Jesus Christ
    • Our works/character


“Live anastrafhte “to conduct  one’s life”

JudgeRom. 14:10-12; 2 Cor. 5:10; 1 Cor. 3:13

Fear” is “phobo” and refers to fearing God (Father and Judge) instead of fearing the    circumstances of the world.


God judges deeds in:

  • Romans 2:6
  • Rev. 20:12-13
  • Rev. 22:12
  • Isaiah 40:10
  • Isaiah 62:11
  • Ezekiel 18
  • Matthew 16:27
  • 1 Corinthians 3:13
  • Galatians 6:4