1 Peter 1:12-17


The prophets knew their words would be fulfilled in a distant generation (Gen. 49:10; Num. 24:17; Deut. 18:15; Dan. 9:24-27; Joel 2:28; Habak. 2:1-3)


The believers of Peter’s day and ours did not learn about Christ because of these prophets or because the scriptures true meaning was discovered.

Believers learned of Christ because of:

1)      The Spirit sent from heaven

2)      Spirit inspired messengers who told them the message

Without the coming of the Spirit and His work the message still would not be clear.


We then are living in an age of extreme privilege.

Even if we suffer and are persecuted the privilege is of knowing the truth is greater and   with tremendous power.


Even the mighty angels do not participate nor understand this great privilege.
Salvation has come to us in such a powerful way through the Holy Spirit that it even surpasses the angels understanding and experience.


eiV INTO                   a WHICH                epiqumousin DESIRE
aggeloi ANGELS                     parakuyai TO LOOK


“Desire” or “Long” is epiqumousin  (present, indicative, active or epiqumew) it means “to desire, to long for, to eagerly desire.

  1. The verb is used consistently for a desire not yet fulfilled.
  2. The Present Tense indicates a continual action that has not yet been fullfilled

“Angels” is aggeloV                    

“To Look” is  parakuyai (aorist active infinitive) it means “to stretch forward the head, especially through a window or door, sometimes inward, more often than outward.  When used figuratively, it commonly implies a rapid and cursory glance.  The word means to bend down to look and often suggests a fleeting glance such as ‘to peep’, ‘to catch a glimpse of’.  The main idea here rests on their intense interest in what has taken place and on the limitations of their power and knowledge.” (Linguistic and Exegetical Key” by Cleon Rogers)



Peter begins a call to holiness:

1)      his theme of hope is introduced as the basis for holiness

2)      he then moves to the relationship aspect as reason for holiness

3)      he finalizes the discussion on holiness with a call to live holy


“Prepare” is anazwsamenoi (Aorist Middle) – “to bind up, to gather up, to gird up.  The    word refers to the habit of the Orientals, who quickly gather up                  their loose robes with a girdle or belt when in a hurry or at the start of a journey because the easterners’ long flowing robes would impede physical activity         unless tucked    under the belt.  One worker describes tavern keepers who worked in front of their taverns with their tunics belted high.” (Linguistic and                             Exegetical Key” by Cleon Rogers)

“Mind” refers to not just the intellectual side of man but the whole inner part of man that leads him, motivates him, sets his attitude and helps him make decisions.


nhfonteV BEING SOBER       teleiwV PERFECTLY       elpisate  HOPE      epi IN      thn THE       feromenhn  BEING BROUGHT       umin TO YOU       carin  GRACE             en AT        apokaluyei REVELATION      ihsou OF JESUS         cristou CHRIST


“Being Brought” (or, NIV “given”)  is feromenhn (present passive participle)  means “to carry, to bear, to bring.  The Present Participle pictures the process   like ‘that is being brought’  Although a present participle can have a future force, it is used here in keeping with the writer’s conviction that the object of

their hope is already virtually within his readers’ grasp.” (Linguistic and Exegetical Key” by Cleon Rogers)


Hope is to be in the reward at the return of Christ and not on the rewards of this age.

There is a grace that is received upon hearing the revelation of Jesus.


Two ways to totally place hope in Christ and his future:

1)      Getting your minds ready

2)      Be balanced.

Both of these are participles in the Greek that explain the imperative in the Greek:  The   command to Hope!

In the English “prepare your minds for action” and “be self-controlled” appear as imperatives themselves.  There is only one imperative: Hope!  These other two       are the way you fulfill the command to Hope.



“Conform” is suschmatizomenoi (present middle particlple) and means “to form      together, to conform.” 

The Middle Voice means here “do not fashion yourselves” or “do not allow yourself to be fashioned,”






“Strangers” is paroikia.  It means temporary residency or a temporary stay as a resident in a place without taking out or being granted citizenship and the

 rights of being a citizen.