Galatians Notes


July 28


Galatians 6:11-18


This is the closing of the letter.  It is a letter focused on one issue.  Paul does not distract from the issue he has been dealing with the whole letter even in his closing.  In fact, he appears to grab the writing utensil out of the scribes hand to finish it himself and review the whole case.


6:11, “See what large letters I use as I write to you with my own hand.”

Paul takes the pen to authenticate the letter as his

a.      1 Corinthians 16:21, “I, Paul, write this greeting in my own hand.  If anyone does not love the Lord – a curse be on him.  Come, O Lord.”

b.      Colossians 4:18,  I, Paul, write this greeting in my own hand.  Remember my chains.  Grace be with you.”

c.       Romans 16:22, “I, Tertius, who wrote down this letter, greet you in the Lord.”

d.      2 Thessalonians 3:17, “I, Paul, write this greeting in my own hand, which is the distinguishing mark in all my letters.  This is how I write.  The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you all.”

                                                                          i.      2 Th. 2:2, “We ask you brothers, not to become easily unsettled or alarmed by some prophecy, report or letter supposed to have come from us, saying that the day of the Lord has already come.  Don’t let anyone deceive you.”


“large letters”phlikoiV grammasin   palikois grammasin

The reason for Paul calling attention to the size of the letters is to draw attention to the fact that the lettering style had changed.  Up to this point in the letter a trained, professional scribe was doing the writing.  The letters would have been small, neat, and almost appeared to be typed.  When Paul started writing this professional style changed to his individual handwriting.  This does not mean his handwriting was sloppy, but that it was not of the quality of the professional scribe.


Other reasons used for explaining the large letters:

a)      Some say it should be translated, “See what a large letter I have written. . .”

b)      Paul was a laborer at the time of this writing and the years of hand labor had affected his writing.

c)      Paul was making an emphasis in his closing comments and was using large letters like WE WOULD USE ALL CAPITAL LETTERS!!!

d)      Paul had poor eyesight which resulted in larger letters.  The eye problem relates back to the illness he had when he first preached in Galatia (Gal. 4:13) and it had to do with his eyes (Gal. 4:15).  Some think this was his thorn in the flesh (2 Cor. 12:7)



6:12, “Those who want to make a good impression outwardly are trying to compel you to be circumcised.”


The legalizers were motivated by one thing:  Outward appearance and what impressed others.

So, the legalizers could only focus on one thing:  Outward appearances. Here, circumcision.



to make a good impression” is the translation of the Greek word, “euproswphsai” “euprosopesai” means “to play a good role, to please, to make a fair appearance.” This Greek word also has with it the attitude of playing the role and making a fair appearance in insincerity.


They appeared to have your best interest at heart, and their teaching seemed to be holy and focused on the Bible, but that was all an appearance for another underlying motive.


outwardly is the Greek word “sarki” “sarx” and is most often translated “flesh”.

The good impression they were trying to make was “en sarki” or “in the flesh.”

This is in contrast to “in the heart” where the new nature is and the Spirit of God abides. 

An impression in the flesh has done nothing but change the flesh.

An inward change will do the same thing. 

The outward change only in the flesh is a camouflage of the true nature inside.


Jesus said, “Woe to you, teachers of the law and Pharisees, you hypocrites!  You are like whitewashed tombs, which look beautiful on the outside but on the inside are full of dead men’s bones and everything unclean.  In the same way, on the outside you appear to people as righteous but on the inside you are full of hypocrisy and wickedness.”  (Matthew 23:27,28)


People who settle for a mere outward appearance of religion or holiness are destined to end up in wickedness and sin because you need an inward power of God’s righteousness to produce lasting change. 


John addresses this issue when he mentions some of the students that had gone out from his school and his training of young men to carry on the apostolic tradition when he says:

“They went out from us, but they did not really belong to us.  For if they had belonged to us, they would have remained with us; but their going showed that none of them belonged to us.

                                                                        1 John 2:19


It is not a matter of losing salvation, but a matter of individuals trying to imitate it and being unable to maintain it with out the presence of the new nature and the Holy Spirit.


6:12, 13 gives us two reasons why they insisted on:

1) a legalistic standard for spirituality and

2) a legalistic sign for spirituality


Reason Number One:

“Avoid being persecuted for the cross of Christ.”


Reason Number Two:

“That they may boast.”



6:12, “The only reason they do this is to avoid being persecuted for the cross of Christ.”

By keeping the religious experience in the natural realm they can avoid a confrontation with “the cross of Christ.”


The “cross of Christ” is a reality because of these truths:

1)      Man has a sin nature and is a sinner

2)      Man is outside of God’s favor and stands rejected, condemned and cursed by God.

3)      Man is helpless before God outside of Christ work on the cross where he bore our sins and placed man in a position of favor with His work on the cross.

The “cross of Christ” makes circumcision, along with every other work of man, pointless, useless and insignificant.


Anytime the “cross of Christ” is embraced the importance of man and his achievements takes second place.


The promotion and the acceptance of the “cross of Christ” will always bring persecution from the creature it steals the “glory” from.  The creatures that lose their glory is men.


Men decide to live under the rule of circumcision or the rule of the cross.


6:13, “Not even those who are circumcised obey the law, yet they want you to be circumcised that they may boast about your flesh.”


The point continues, even those who reject the cross and embrace legalism are knowingly failing.

Here we bring up the good, but insincere, impression of 6:11.


Why would men who realize their method is not working continue to spread their legalism.

Or, to say it another way, why would they continue to take foreskins?  The answer:  They want to boast about the numbers of converts. 


They know it isn’t working but they must get their numbers. 

Reminiscent of David verse the Philistines isn’t it:

“Then Saul ordered his attendants: ‘Speak to David privately and say, “Look, the king is pleased with you, and his attendants all like you; now become his son-in-law.”   But David said, ‘Do you think it is a small matter to become the king’s son-in-law?  I’m only a poor man and little known.’  When Saul’s servants told him what David had said, Saul replied, ‘Say to David, “The king wants no other price for the bride than a hundred Philistine foreskins. . .’  When the attendants told David these things he was pleased to become the king’s son-in-law.  So before the allotted time elapsed, David and his men went out and killed two hundred Philistines.  He brought their foreskins and presented the full number to the king so that he might become the king’s son-in-law.”


The legalist want to win Galatia for Judiasm for the sake and glory of the Judizers.

Paul wants to win Galatia for Jesus Christ for the sake of the Galatians and for the glory of God.


Today it is sometimes easy to see the same “conquering” of people for the glory of the ministry.

People get into legalistic tendencies like raising hands, coming forward, getting baptized, joining the membership, building bigger barns (buildings), giving more money, etc.  All these are modern manifestations of the outward forms of legalism. 


It can be the same in modern Christianity:

1)      Insincere

2)      Merely outward

3)      Avoid the preaching of the cross of Christ

4)      Avoid persecution from men

5)      Boast of the numbers, size and amount


But what change has occurred?  Is it only an outward change that will soon be engulfed by the wickedness left undealt with on the inside?  Or, are the numbers, size and amount a manifestation of the work of the Spirit on the inside of people. 


If it is an inward change then we will see:

1)      Continued growth in the word and in holiness

2)      Fruit of the Spirit

3)      No need for manipulation of unspiritual believers by unspiritual leaders

4)      A continuation in the:

a.       Apostles doctrine

b.      Apostles way of life

5)      The effect of the true church (salt and light) in the society



6:14, “May I never boast except in the cross of our Lord Jesus Christ,

Paul will not let himself get into legalistic boasting.

His boast is in the sufficiency of the cross, not in the sufficiency of man.


Note concerning “cross of our Lord Jesus Christ”:

1)      The “cross” speaks of the salvation required to deliver man from sin

2)      “Lord Jesus Christ” speaks of the God who became a man to save us from sin and lead us into an everlasting kingdom.

3)      The use of the word “our” makes it personal and indicates the necessity of us individually embracing the truth of the cross and the person of Jesus for our own deliverance.


Paul boasted in this truth which left no need to boast in legalistic practices or ministry successes.

Look at Paul’s portfolio of boasting in Philippians 3:3-6 before he embraced the cross:


6:14, “. . .through which the world has been crucified to me, and I to the world.”

Paul’s relationship to the world and the world’s relationship to Paul has been severed.

It goes both ways.  The feelings are mutual.

1)      There is nothing in the world that Paul wants to boast about.

2)      But also realize, there is nothing in Paul that the world will consider worthy of boasting.

They have rejected each other.  There is nothing to attract Paul to the world and nothing in Paul to attract the world.  The relationship is dead, crucified.



6:15, “Neither circumcision nor uncircumcision means anything; what counts is a new creation.”

The question is not which form of legalism should we follow?

Or, what religious practice is right?

Nothing in the world counts.

The only thing that matters is that you have been born again and have a new nature and a favorable standing with God.


6:16, “Peace and mercy to all who follow this rule, even to the Israel of God.”

“Peace and mercy” are two nice church sounding words but they do have there opposites or antonyms.

The opposite of peace is war, hostility and conflict.

The opposite of mercy is vengeance, judgment, punishment.


Paul is saying, then,  that those who do not follow this rule will receive hostility and judgment from God.


 rule is the Greek word “kanon” or “kanon” and it means “rod, measuring rule, standard.”  This “rule” or “standard” that has been set and must be followed is found in the verse right before it.   The “standard” that must be met to receive “Peace and mercy” is the “new creation.”  The new creation is the only “standard” that will allow you to escape a conflict with God that will result in your eternal punishment.


Israel of God” is a reference to “believers” of all time.  Paul is using the term “Israel of God” to disassociate the legalistic Judiazers from God’s chosen people.  God’s people are those who accept the Messiah.  This includes both Jews and Gentiles.  This does not include non-believing Jews nor non-believing Gentiles.  Paul is not identifying with this statement two groups of Christians:  Jewish and Gentile.


6:17, “Finally, let no one cause me trouble, for I bear on my body the marks of Jesus.”

“Finally” means “in respect to the remaining time”

Trouble” refers to the fact that Paul has labored and toiled to get them this far.  Now it is time for the Galatians to resist the world, the devil, the legalist on their own.  Paul has already fought his share of the battle.  6:5 “each one should carry his own load.”

marks is the Greek word “stigma” “stigma” and means”mark, brnad.  It was the custom to mark slaves by scars.  Religious tattooing also played a great role in antiquity.”  (Lingustic Key, Rogers & Rogers)


See the source of Paul’s scars in 2 Corinthians 6:4-6; 11:23-30.


These were the genuine marks in a believers body, not self inflicted circumcision.


6:18, “The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with your spirit, brothers Amen.


July 21


Spiritual Giving


Galatians 6:6-10


6:6, “Anyone who receives instruction in the word must share all good things with his instructor.”


koinwneitw            de        o           kathcoumenos          ton       logon

“let him share                            the one                    being instructed in            the              word  


tw                    kathcounti            en               pasin                 agaqoiV

with the one             instructing                       in                       all                             good things”


koinwneitw      “let him share”     “to share with someone, to exercise fellowship.  The apostle is thinking here especially of material things.” (Linguistic Key, Rogers and Rogers)


kathcoumenoV      “being instructed in”   present passive    and    

 kathcounti           “instructing"                 present active


            This root word’s etymology means “to fill with sound” and so it means to put

            a thing into another person’s mind with constant repetition”  (Pulpit Commentary)


            It is translated “inform, instruct, teach”


Strong’s Expanded says, “This word indicates verbal instruction which is ‘sounded down into the student’s ears,’ and then repeated by the student to assure learning has taken place.  It also denotes ‘to teach orally, inform instruct,’  and is rendered “to teach” in         1 Corinthians 14:19 and twice in Gal. 6:6.




logon                 “word”        This word means the rational expression of a thought.

            According to Strong’s Expanded it refers here to the saying or statement about             God’s

            revelation of the gospel and the sum of the utterances of God.    


agaqoiV            “good things”   It describes things that are good in character

                                   and                                           so                    bring beneficial results.  Money is in the context here. 



This begins Paul’s sixth example of a spiritual man.

            Number 1 was 6:1 – The spiritual man restores the one taken in sin.

            Number 2 was 6:2 – The spiritual man helps carry others overbearing burdens if they are in the spiritual, physical or emotional arena.

Number 3 was 6:3, 5  - The spiritual man knows his spiritual gift and

                         responsibility and operates without comparing himself to “lesser” servants nor to “greater” servants.

Number 4 was 6:4 – The spiritual man can judge his own heart (motives, attitude) from the position of the renewed mind.  He can be ruthlessly                                       honest with himself about himself and find the strength to make                                              corrections.

Number 5 was 6:5 – The spiritual man carries his own spiritual “backpack” of                                     responsibilities that come with his unique calling and that

                                 for which he has been given unique “measure of faith”

                                 that                                             separates him from anyone else’s responsibility.

Number 6 is here in 6:6 – The spiritual man supports the stream of teaching

                                 that makes numbers 1-5 possible in his life.  The carnal man is

                                 going to spend his financial resources on carnal things.  The spiritual

                                 man is naturally going to spend his finances on spiritual things. 


POINT:  Note the spiritual man needs to receive this information through teaching of the logos just like all points of doctrine.  But, the spiritual man does not need to be manipulated into giving to his instructor.   If the instructor finds himself convincing the believer to give money then neither the instructor nor the student is adequately spiritual to be receiving or giving money.



Paul did not collect money from immature, young Christians

1 Corinthians 9:1-18


Paul did not receive money at the beginning of a ministry in a city. 

Instead he supported himself:

1 Thes. 3:6-10, 

How could Paul use himself as an example if all he did was collect money from people. 

Today, some people think the reason for starting a ministry is to organize people to collect money from them.


Paul did receive money to be distributed to others in need:

            1 Cor. 16:1-8


Paul did receive money for his own ministry support and for traveling expenses:

            Romans 15:23-29

            2 Cor. 8:1

            2 Cor. 9:6

            Philippians 4:10-13


Paul tells Timothy that he could receive money from believers for his personal needs:

            1 Timothy 5:17-18


Tithing is a principle but it is not a New Testament church law or standard.

The church standard is stated in several places:

1 Corinthians 16:2 –

2 Corinthians 8:14 –




Spiritual giving is detailed in 2 Corinthians 8:1:

            8:5 -  people gave themselves first to the Lord, then gave money to men.  This means they

                     grew spiritually with the Spirit of God first, but not legalistically or hypocritically.  The

                     Spirit then would have led them into giving and supporting spiritual things and people

                     in need.  The giving would have only come after they had grown in fellowship with the


            8:8 -  Paul did not command giving (tithe was an OT command) but rather

                        dokimazo (tested) them.  Paul gave them the opportunity to give as a test of their

                      spiritually and growth.  It was a chance for the Spirit to lead them into this spiritual


            8:10 – The people should first experience a desire to give.  It is a fruit of the Spirit

                        The people should not be giving for external reasons first. 

                       Keep your money if you are not spiritually motivated in your heart to support the

work of God. 

If you give before you are ready your giving is carnal and legalistic.

            8:12 – Willingness makes the gift acceptable.  If it is manipulated or commanded

                        it is not an acceptable gift for God nor an acceptable gift to be received.


Do the rest of the verses 6:7-10 continue on the theme of money?  Yes.


  1. Verse 6:10 returns to the theme of money and so verses 7-9 are sandwiched between two verses obviously about money.
  2. 6:7 is a saying that Paul used to encourage generous giving in 2 Cor. 9:6.  (Deuteronomy 15:4-11)
  3. This letter is to the Galatians who had recently heard the decision of the Jerusalem council and the resulting letter from Acts 15.  Galatians 2:10 says that Paul was accepted by the Jerusalem council but was only asked to remember the poor.  This refers to collecting money for the poor believers.
  4. This may be Paul’s way of reminding them to be setting aside money for the poor in Jerusalem like he does in 2 Corinthians 16:1 which reads: “Now about the collection for God’s people:  Do what I told the Galatian churches to do.  On the first day of every week, each one of you should set aside a sum of money in keeping with his income. . . “


These verse teach three things about money:

a)      Support the teacher

b)      Use money to build up your spiritual life and the spiritual life of others

c)      Spend your money to help others in need, namely, believers.


6:7, “Do not be deceived: God cannot be mocked.  A man reaps what he sows.”


Verses 6:7,8 sound like 2 Corinthians 9:6

This is a principle that is true in every area of life.


6:8, “The one who sows to please his sinful nature, from that nature will reap destruction;


If a man spends his money on fleshly things, then those things will produce more fleshly desires and worldly attitudes and natural stuff.



All of these things will be destroyed when the natural world passes away.  He will reap from the fruit of his labors the destruction of that fruit because it is not eternal.


This is what Jesus said about storing up treasure in heaven or on earth.  Earthly treasure will be consumed by rust, moth or thieves.  Eventually you will be separated from them at your death.


6:8, “the one who sows to please the Spirit, from the Spirit will reap eternal life.

In context, the group of people who will support a good teacher of the logos will reap eternal benefits from their giving as that instructor leads them into greater spiritual production.


6:9, “Let us not become weary in doing good, for at the proper time we will reap a harvest if we do not give up.”


Two phrases in the imperative:

            1)  Do not become weary                 2) Do not give up.


Paul may be including himself in this since he switches to the first person plural. 

Paul has been laboring with the Galatians and has seen little fruit.  But, this spiritual principle is true for Paul’s labors also. 

He can not get discouraged and give up.  The Galatians will produce fruit in their lives


6:10  "Therefore, as we have opportunity, let us do good to all people, especially to those who belong to the family of believers."


Here the theme of giving extends "to all people". 

Emphasis is placed on giving to believers.


This follows the principle Paul followed as seen in 1 Corinthians 16:1,


"Now about the collection for God's people:  Do what I told the Galatian churches to do.  On the first day of every week, each one of you should set aside a sum of money in keeping with his income, . . ."


This practice followed the directions Paul received at the Jerusalem Council in 48 AD from James:


"All they asked was that we should continue to remember the poor, the very thing I was eager to do."  Galatians 2:16



July 14


Galatians 6:2-6



“Carry each other’s burdens and in this way you will fulfill the law of Christ.”


This is the second practical example of the spiritual person.

The word “carry” (“bastazo”) is used four times in the Greek in Galatians:

a)      5:10 – the Judaizers are to bear Paul’s judgment of the situation

b)      6:5 – each believer is to bear his own load

c)      6:17 – Paul bears in his body the marks of Jesus Christ in his body

d)      Here in 6:2 – is believers are to help others carry their load

The word “carry” means “to bear, to carry away, to endure)7


This could refer to:

1)      When temptation oppress someone

2)      When life circumstances depress them.

The concept is that love fulfills the law.   When someone else needs something, the spiritual man is going to help.



“If anyone thinks he is something when he is nothing he deceives himself.”


There are two problems that will keep you from fulfilling these two practical examples properly:

1)      6:3 – You think you are something you are not. . .

a)      Pride

b)      The over estimating of your own self

2)      6:4 – You think you are nothing when compared to the “great” believers. . .

or,  You think you are doing great when compared to the “lesser” believers

a)      Low self esteem, Lack of confidence in God’s calling on your life

b)      The under estimation of God’s place for you in his plan


The first here in 6:3 is when a believer neglects meeting someone else’s need it is because they are focused on themselves:

a)      they do not see the need to being consumed with themselves

b)      they do not think they should have to stoop to help

c)      they believe that they themselves do not have that problem because they are doing things right

Paul’s statement in the Greek builds heavily on the contrast of these words:

1)      “thinks” with “is”

2)      “something” with “nothing”

a.       the believer only “thinks” he’s “something”. . .imaginary superstar

b.      in reality the believer “is” “nothing”. . . reality a zero


Romans 12:3


“Each one should test his own actions.”

test” is dokimazetw  which means to examine, to approve after testing or examination.  It refers to testing the quality of metal.  Remember James 1:2-12


With a renewed mind, a correct understanding of God, his purpose, his overall general plan and how we are generally supposed to fit into it and behave, then examine your application of these truths.  How are you doing??


This is the cure.  You test yourself. . .

            a)  What has God called you to do?   Are you doing it?

            b)  What has God placed in front of you?  Have you turned away from it?

            c)  What do you know to be right?  Are you obeying it?

            d)  Are there any areas in your life where you are:

                        -disobedient and so unable to fulfill God’s purpose

                        -legalistic (pride, self-service) and so distracted from spiritual purposes


Luke 17:1-10


“Then he can take pride in himself, without comparing himself to somebody else. . .”



“For each one should carry his own load.”


The duty of the Christian is to carry his own load. 

The duty of the Christian is to run his own race, fulfill the purpose that God has assigned to him.


There is no contradiction between 6:2 and 6:5.

A)    6:2 is “Carry each other’s burdens (“bare”)

                                                                           i.      the word “bare” (Barh) means burden, that which is heavy

B)     6:5 is “each one should carry his own load (“phortion”)

                                                                           i.      the word “phortion” (fortion) means a burden, a load which one is expected to bear.  It refers to a back pack.  It is a term from the military that referred to  a soldier’s kit.

The fortion was something that is expected to be carried by a healthy soldier or in this case any healthy believer.  It is no one’s responsibility but your own. 


In 6:2 the burden is not the normal weight of a back pack.  It was something no man would be expected to carry alone.  


The spiritual man knows when the weight is a fortion or a Barh




July 7


Galatians 5:24


“Those who belong to Christ Jesus have crucified the sinful nature”


The verb is in the active voice.  Meaning you did it.

Other places in reference to you being crucified is in the passive voice (Gal. 2:20)

Galatians 5:25


“Since we live by the Spirit, let us keep in step with the Spirit.”


keep in step” is “stoichomen” and comes from “stoichos” which means “a row” and so translates as to walk in a line or to keep in step as you march in the battle ranks.

Used in Romans 4:12 of falling in line with the faith of Abraham.


Note: In Gal.5:16 the word for “walk” was “peripeteite” and means a habitual conduct or lifestyle.  It is a different word with  different meaning and communicates a different concept of the Christian life.


Galatians 5:26


“Let us not become conceited, provoking and envying each other.”


“conceited” is “kenodoxoi

·        notice the second word “doxoi” or “glory”

·        the first word “keno” means “empty”

o       it implies hollowness and the lack of contents

o       it does mean the absence of good but also includes then the presence of evil since man’s moral nature does not remain a vacuum

·        together they mean “emptyglory” or our word “vainglory”

·        It is man who is pursuing the glory of God for himself


The person who has created a vacuum in his soul by pursuing the glory of God for himself will manifest the evil he has sucked into himself in two ways:

1)      Provoking others

a.       “provoking” is “prokaloumenoi” and means “to call forth to a challenge”

b.      This manifest itself by stirring up strife between others and yourself or stirring up strife between others.

2)      Envying others


Paul’s teaching is once again brought to the point of being applicable.  He has described the mystical union and power of the Spirit.  But, what are we to do with it??  He now tells us how we will be able to use this abstract concept to manifest God in our daily lives.



The first situation Paul uses is when you find yourself in the presence of another believer who has suddenly slipped into a sin.  Do you:

a)      Pretend you did not notice the sin, because it is an awkward position

b)      Deal with the situation in such a way that does not bring attention to the sin because we all know we will want someone to overlook our sin some day, maybe even today.

c)      We respond in “love”, by “forgiving” the sin, smiling like nothing happened because “love” would never make someone feel uncomfortable.

d)      Quickly point out the sin and rebuke it so as to cut it off at its roots and so fulfill our role as the local “sin-dicator”.  This way we maintain our “purity” and “holiness”.

e)      As soon as possible “warn” the other believers of this “stain” that is among us.  While doing this it is only logical that you draw attention to the fact that you were the one that recognized this “evil” and that it never even occurred to your “righteous” self that such a thing could be done by a believer.

Galatians 6:1


“If someone is caught in a sin, you who are spiritual should restore him gently.”


“Caught” is the word “prolamphtha” (prolhfqh)

  • Notice the prefix “pro” which means “in front of, before, prior to”
  • This word means to be taken by surprise  by a sin or to be overpowered before he can escape.   It means he was “hurried into error” and surprised himself by his sin.


“Spiritual” refers to those who meet the criteria of being in fellowship or “in step” with the Spirit of God.  These verses might help remind us what Paul has in mind for the Spiritual person in the book of Galatians:











“Restore” is “katartizete” means “to restore, to correct.” 

  • It is a medical term used as a surgical term for setting bones or joints.
  • Also in some contexts of strengthening and sustaining people who have become weary. (Rev.3) (Ep. 4:12)
  • Mixing medicine
  • A sailor preparing his boat for a journey (similar to Rom. 9:22; Heb10:5 and 11:3)
  • A fisherman fixing his net (Mk. 1:19)
  • A politician compromising to bring to separate parties into unity


The Correct Answer:

You would deal with it like a doctor deals with a broken arm.  The pain and inability to function is the result of a problem on the inside.  It is something that can be fixed.


The mature (spiritual) believer will be able to make the correct diagnosis and fix the problem. 


The immature (fleshly) believer will do a variety of things that never address the problem:

  • Tell the person to stop having a broken arm.
  • Give the person a list of “legalistic” exercises to do to strengthen the broken bone and prove that it is “saved”
  • Remove that person since they are useless with a broken arm. 


6:1 “But watch yourselves, or you may also be tempted.”


“Watch yourselves” is singular and is addressing each of us as individuals to watch our own self.


“Watch” is “skopon” (skopwn) and means to watch attentively. 

  • Vincent quotes Schmidt as saying: “To direct one’s attention upon a thing, either in order to obtain it, or because one has a peculiar interest in it, or a duty to fufill toward it.”
  • The verb form is present tense which indicates a continuous action of being very diligent to pay sharp attention to yourself.


tempted” is “peirasthas” (peirasqhV) and means to try, to attempt.

  • peirasthas” can refer to a trial from God or a temptation from the sin nature (James 1)



Galatians 6:2


“Carry each other’s burdens, and in this way you will fulfill the law of Christ.


Galatians 6:3


“If anyone thinks he is something when he is nothing, he deceives himself.”


Galatians 6:4


“Each one should test his own actions.  Then he can take pride in himself, without comparing himself to somebody else.”


Galatians 6:5


“For each one should carry his own load.”


June 30


The Fruit of the Spirit

Galatians 5: 22-26



5:22  “Fruit of the Spirit”  


1)       “Fruit” is contrast with “works” in these ways:

a.       “Fruit” is singular.  The fruit comes form one tree, one source, the Spirit.  It is not the fruits of the Spirit like it is the “gifts” of the Spirit.  You may have one or two of the gifts of the Spirit and be a healthy Christian.  But, if you have just one or two of the fruit this is not normal.  A believer following the Spirit will see growth in all these areas.  Not necessarily true with the gifts.

b.      “Works of the flesh” is plural.  

c.       Fruit is the natural result of life and growth.  Work is a labor and a discipline

d.      The fruit will be manifest in works of righteousness, but they begin long before the work is seen.  Fruit goes deep into the plant and is an extension of the nature of the plant.

2)      John 15: 1-8

3)      The fruit is eternal and results in:

a.       Achieving God’s will on earth

b.      Rewards for the believer in eternity


“You did not choose me, but I chose you and appointed you to go and bear much fruit – fruit that will last.”      John 15:16


4)      Another concept about fruit is that it is the harvest.

5)      The Greek word for “fruit” is “karpos” and is used most often of fruit from trees or vines.

6)      Jesus said you would know the tree by its “karpos” in Matt. 7:16


Love  (agape)

1)       focus is on the object of the love.

2)      Refers to love for God and love for people

3)      Love will seek what is best for the object it loves

4)      To be agape there must be concrete evidence.  It is a word that is way past an emotion or a feeling.  It is seen in the treatment of and action toward the object.  In fact, an attempt to describe the feeling or the emotion may indicate it is not genuine. 

a.       “You say you have love. . .?  Then stop talking about it and do it.”

b.      James 2:14 – 20,  Some say they have faith.  James is saying he doesn’t talk about it, he is doing faith.

5)      This love is the character of God and it is:

a.       Unearned (Rom. 5:8)

b.      Unchangeable (Rom 8:35)

c.       Great (Ep. 2:4)

d.   Action (Jn. 3:16)


Joy (chara)

1)      In the Greek society Joy was a synonym for happiness, which was founded on some event or circumstances.  This “happiness” of the Spirit is founded on an eternal principle that will never change.  In otherwords, this “joy” is consistent and is unaffected by circumstances.

2)      We will have earthly emotions (sadness, grief, disappointments, etc.) because we are human and directly tied into the circumstances of the world, but this is a deeper, richer experience that may coexist with worldly sorrow:

a.       “Brothers, we do not want you to be ignorant about those who fall asleep, or to grieve like the rest of men, who have no hope.”  1 Thes. 4:13



Peace (eirene)

1)      This word carries the thought of the Hebrew word shalom.

2)      It would give the meaning of wholeness of soul which manifest in a tranquil attitude and disposition regardless of circumstances.

3)      This became a standard Christian greeting for obvious reasons (Gal.1:3)

4)      Manifest as

a.       peace with God in Rom 5:1

b.      peace of mind in Phil 4:6,7

c.       Peace in the home in 1 Cor. 7:12

d.      Peace in the church in Ep 4:3

e.       Peace in relationships in Heb. 12:14




Patience (makrothumia)

1)      longsuffering, patient endurance under injuries inflicted by others.  It describes the response of Christian’s towards circumstances and events, as well as God’s patience endurance of the rebellion and sin of mankind.”  Linguistic Key by Rogers and Rogers.

2)      This is the character that allows for the spread of God’s grace in time:

a.       “Return to the Lord your God, for he is gracious and compassionate, slow to anger and abounding in love and he relents from sending calamity.”  Joel 2:13

3)      This is the character that allows us to walk above the ways of the world and do our jobs as ambassadors:

a.       “All this is from God, who reconciled us to himself through Christ and gave us the ministry of reconciliation:  that God was reconciling the world to himself in Christ, not counting men’s sins against them.  And he has committed to us the message of reconciliation.  We are therefore Christ’s ambassadors.   2 Cor. 5:18-20



Kindness (chrestotes)

1)      Showing concern for others.

2)      It is the act of kindness to benefit and help others

3)      It is the character trait of God referred to in the statement, “God is good.”

4)      There is a common slave name of “Chrestos” which is thought to have its origin in this word “chrestotes” and so this word indicates the slave mentality.

a.      This was the mentality of the messiah/servant of Isaiah and the one that Jesus manifested in his life.     (Christ is the word “Christos”)



Goodness (agathosune)

1)      This is the energy and generousity that comes from the servant mentality of kindness.

2)      It the character that will strive to obtain the thing that is useful and beneficial for another person.



Faithfulness (pistis)

1)      It is the same word that is translated “faith” but in this context it becomes a character trait.

2)      The word “pistis” also means “faithfulness, reliability, loyalty”

3)      Luke 16:10-12 and Mt. 25:23 describes the faithful servant. 

a.       Without the Spirit we will not be able to achieve the status or the commendation of



Gentleness (prautes)

1)      Controlled strength, meekness, submissive, ability to bear reproaches without bitterness and resentment.

2)      “The ability to provide a soothing influence on someone who is in the state of anger, bitterness and resentment”  (Linguistic Key by Rogers and Rogers)

3)      Aristotle wrote that this is the person who is always angry at the right time and never angry at the wrong time.

4)      This is the attitude required for learning in James 1:21

5)      The attitude for making correction in Gal. 6:1

6)      The attitude for meeting opposition in 2 Tm. 2:25

7)      The attitude in explaining the faith in 1 Peter 3:15,16





Self-Control (enkrateia)

1)      The containment of passion and appetite.  It is the ability to control the driving forces of human nature.

2)      This is what gives the victory over fleshly desires.





Against these there is no law:

1)    To try to control them

2)    To try to produce them



These “fruit of the Spirit” are out of reach to the:

1)    Natural man

2)    Religious System

3)    Hypocrite



The person who lives this way can not be judged by any law.  You are fulfilling every law of man and God when you produce the fruit of the Spirit.










June 23


Galatians 5:19-21


This is not a list to put on your mirror or refrigerator and try in the flesh to avoid.

This is a checklist to evaluate your behavior and your reaction to see if you are living by the Spirit.


If you find yourself failing the test and are not producing the fruit of the Spirit then one of the following may be true in your life:

a)      You are not  following the Spirit leading you through your new nature due to lack of focus (either: selfish legalism or selfish indulgence)

b)      The Spirit is not leading you because you are out of fellowship

c)      Your flesh is in control.  Your soul is receiving “seeds” (temptation) from your sin nature and you are naturally producing the work of the flesh.


Remember, we all have a sin nature.  This means we will always have the following temptations or thoughts arising out of that sin nature.  To walk in the Spirit, and not in the flesh, means you will be looking for and experiencing a greater type “fruit” or production from your new nature.  The Spirit will lead you into the production of this new way of behaving and show you the new way of reacting.  We will review the fruit of the Spirit next week.  Tonight we review and identify the works of the flesh (sin nature).


5:19 “obvious” (“manifest” in KJ) is “phaneros” and means “to shine, to make shine, to             cause to appear.”  It is used in 1 Tm. 4:125 and 1 Jn. 3:10


            This list of fleshly fruit includes sins that appear in the:

a)      mind (soul, heart)

b)      mouth

c)      body


sexual immorality  porneia  is sex outsid marriage, illicit sexual intercourse, any immoral sexual act.  Mt. 5:19, 1 Co. 5:1.


impurity   akatharsia    is wrong acts.  Originated from meaning being dirty and developed a moral reference.  It means moral or ceremonial unclean.

            Mt. 23:27 – filth inside tombs

            Ep. 4:18,19 – result of rejecting the gospel and being ignorant

            1 Th. 2:3 – produces error and false teaching.


debauchery”   aselgeia   is excess, absence of restraint, not restrained by law

            Mt. 7:27 – it is found in a man’s heart

            Jude 4 – Men turn the doctrine of grace into this


Notice 2 Cor. 12:20-21.   In verse 12:21 these three are mentioned together.


Verse 19 listed sexual or fleshy sins

Verse 20 will list two religious sins.



“idolatry”   eidololatria  from    eidolon = temple  and   latreia = service

            An idol is something that man uses to:

a)      explain his origins

b)      define his morals

c)      control his environment

When something is excepted as having the answers to these three questions that man has he will then worship and follow this “idol”.


            Rm. 1:22 -  man’s weakness

            1 Co. 10:19 – door to demons

            Gal 4:3,8,9 – man’s attempt to control his environment


“witchcraft”  pharmakeia                                                                                                This word means: “the use of medicine or drugs, the use of drugs for         magical purposes, magic, sorcery” (from Linguistic Key by Rogers and                                 Rogers)


Those involved with pagan worship would use drugs as a way of controlling themselves and enhancing communication with demons (gods)


Ex. 7:11, 22 – Pharaoh’s wisemen, sorcerers, magicians

            Is. 47:9



“Hatred”     echthrai    hostility


”discord”    eris        strife


jealousy   zelos   different than envy.  This zelos desires to have the same thing for         self.  Envy  desires to deprive others of it.

            Rm. 13:13 – a deed of darkness

            1 Cor. 3:3 – if you still have it you are still worldly.


fits of rage”  thumos  this is not anger but the outburst of anger.

            Notice Ephesians 4:26, “In your anger do not sin.”

a)      anger?  Anger itself is not a sin.  If a believer can live in this fallen world and never be angry by the way people are treated or abused, for example, then I doubt they have any love in their hearts.  Anger is a godly reaction to many things that are wrong.  But, using anger as the basis of operation can quickly become sin.  The sin nature will respond in anger and fits of rage to wrong things, at wrong times, and in wrong ways.  Here “fits of rage” is an extreme, unbridled outburst of anger.

b)      Devil a foothold? (lit. “a place”) 

a.       Our sins come from our evil nature James 1:13

b.      Satan will use our weakness like a crack

c)      Sundown?

a.       If you have righteous anger you need to deal with the situation and resolve it.  Your anger against a wrong is not a sin.  Again, a healthy Christian should get angry about certain things.  The issue here concerning “sundown” is that your anger is calling you to respond in a corrective measure to the wrong.  To neglect responding, or making plans on how to correct it, would be the sin.

b.      Ignoring a wrong is sin itself.   An example is found in Lev. 19:17


“Selfish Ambition”   eritheiai     rivalries


            Notice that many of these sins are sins that Paul dealt with in most of the churches                he wrote to.  Corinth, Philippi, Colossians, Galatia are just some of the churches             where Paul had to deal with groups of people operating out of the sin nature in the                church.  They were divisive, filled with selfish ambition, jealous and envious of                        each other all with in the church.  In fact, these sins are very frequent among and                    between believers in church situations.


2 Cor:12:20   eris = strife    zealos = jealous thumoi = anger    eritheiai  =  rivalries


dissensions”    the flesh longs to divide


“factions”       selfish ambition to gain followers and not always with false doctrine


envy     desire to  deprive others of what they have.

                   Displeasure when others prosper


“Drunkenness”       alcohol


“Orgies”       komoi   is carousing or a drinking party


the like”   there are more.


5:21     “live” is “to do, or to practice” in the present tense indicating                                                a “life style” not a “lapse”


Meaning, if a person can go through their life living like this they give a strong             indication they do not have the Spirit and so they are not born again and never             were.


See 2 Peter 2:7 and Lot’s tormented soul


Warned “as I did before  Paul had obviously evangelized the Galatians and led them to the Lord.  Here he said he had also given them this list, or checklist of sins. 


If Paul had simply led them to the Lord and given them a list of ethics to obey, he would simply have done what many do today:

a)      Take a pagan who is in some worldly system of religion

b)      Lead that person to a saving faith in Jesus Christ

c)      Give that believer a list of legalistic rules which puts them right back into                    a worldly system of religion.


This is what the entire book of Galatians is against. 

Paul would never have led them to the Lord and then given them a list.


What Paul did is clear as we look at the examples of his ministry in Acts and in the epistles.  Between leading people to the Lord and identifying a checklist of Christian ethics Paul would teach them in order to give them a full understanding of the truth. 


This teaching gave them a body of truth to believe. 

It gave them information to change their world view and renew their mind. 

It gave them spiritual motivation to live holy. 

It shined a light into the darkness of their souls where they could find this new presence        of the Holy Spirit and a new power for living. 


Teaching made their new life in Christ real and something they could experience beyond     a few days of emotional momentum.


In Thessalonica it is clear that Paul taught them eschatology in depth during their first 21 days as believers.  Why?  The entire eschatological system is reviewed in the closing verses of Second Peter in his final chapter days before his execution.  Here Peter tells us that this information will make us “holy and blameless.” 


Even in Paul’s epistles the first chapters are teaching and the closing chapters are identifying the correct Christian lifestyle and production. 


In Galatians we have seen chapters 3 and 4 are an appeal to Old Testament scriptures and committed to establishing theology.  Now, in chapters 5 and 6 Paul is calling them to Christian ethics, or the production of spiritual fruit.  But he is only doing this on the foundation of the truth he has taught them.


To skip systematic teaching of the full revelation of God’s Word between the points of salvation and expecting Christian behavior is to give a believer nothing but legalism. 


The system of legalism will never lead a Christian to fulfill their purpose in life. 

It will never lead them to the fruit of the spirit. 

It will cause frustration and discouragement in this life.

It will result in the lack of rewards in eternity. 


Legalism will cause the believer to loss what they have worked for.


This is the correct way of Christian growth:

a)      Evangelism

b)      Teaching

c)      Ethics






June 16


Galatians 5:13-18


Freedom has two directions:
            a)  indulge in self service (legalism as in Colossians 2:23 or indulgence in sin as Gal.5:13.)

b)      serve one another in love



Fulfilling the law is what legalizers tried to do.

Now, only in freedom can it be done.


“Freedom”   mentioned in 2:4; 4:26; 4:31; 5:1


Chapter 5 and 6 is the life in the Spirit.

Or, life free from the bondage of religious law.


A Jew without the Mosaic Law could not imagine how morality would be maintained.

A Pagan without some religious system of works would be completely unmotivated and             uncontrollable.  (Including Christians living in a legalistic system that believes they must maintain their salvation, appease God for blessings, or fear some sort of cursing to be motivated to live holy.)

Now, a Christian has the Holy Spirit providing both the motivation and the power.  But, even more,  the believer now has a new nature.  They are learning to walk in their new             nature. Or, walk in the Spirit


13-      Paul had said earlier that he believed "they would have no other view" and he picks up on that here by speaking to them about how to live the moral and ethical Christian life with out a law.

The warning before was concerning receiving salvation and then returning to legalism

Now the warning concerns salvation and a return to sin.


The options for the believer are:


            Self-service                                        Service to other:

             1) InLegalism                                                1) InLove

             2) InImmorality


indulge” is “aphorme    KJ:  “occasion”    meaning the “place from which an attack is made, a base of operation.”   Syn:  “opportunity, occasion, advantage.”

            Used in 2 Cor 11:12 twice   “cut the ground. . .who want an opportunity.”


14-   “summed up” is “peplerotai

1-     means the law can be summarized

                                                               i.      Lev. 19:18

                                                             ii.      Mt. 22:39

                                                            iii.      Lk 10:25-28

KEY VERSE:  Rm 5:5 “God has poured out his love in our hearts."  This is reference to the character of God, or the image of Christ being poured into our nature.  Although, God pour out his love for us, or toward us in giving us salvation, this verse is not talking about this truth.  This verse is saying God has poured his nature into us so we can now "be holy as he is holy."

2-     means fulfilled as the Judiaizers are trying to do


The law is still “holy” but it is just not attainable by the flesh.



15 -    There are no details given but the legalistic teaching has resulted in self service by the mass of Galatian believers (not to mention they have loss of any opportunity to move together in love as a church body as in Ep. 4. 


            a)  Biting

            b)  Devouring means attempt to eat up

            c)  Destroying means consume and pictures wild animals in a deadly struggle.



16 – If you live by Spirit you will not indulge sin nature


17 – The Spirit of God will lead you and produce in you things contrary to the sin nature

            Downside: You won’t be doing what you (sin nature) wants

Upside:  You will be fulfilling the purpose of the law so you don’t need to be under the law to lead you step by step.  The Spirit will be leading you step by step.



18 -  Led by Spirit or allow yourself to be led by Spirit


This is called:

A)    Walk in 16

B)     Led in 18  

C)    Live in 25


 It is not said to be governed or placed into bondage by Spirit.

It is more like the Spirit will  “teach you to walk in this new nature”


You have been formed like Christ.  Now learn to live like Christ and be conformed to Christ.



June 9



Galatians 5:7-12


Verses 2-6 were comparing the people who had listened to the teaching of circumcision with people who did not accept the legalistic teaching.  The pronouns were “you” and “we.”


Verses 7-15 address not those who listened but compares the false teachers with true teachers.  The pronoun “I” (Paul) contrasted with “the one who is throwing you into confusion.”


Verse 7  The athletic analogy often used by Paul:

1 Cor.9:24-27

Gal 2:2

Phil 3:13,14

2 Tim. 4:7


The Galatians were running a good race.

A good race involves two dimensions:

            1)  A sincere heart that has been changed to God  (notice word “obey”)

            2)  An intelligent mind concerning the truth   (notice word “truth”)


“Cut in” is the word “evekophen” and means “to cut in, to hinder.”  It is the image of the runner who has been blocked, or has ran off the track.  It was a military term used to describe the blocking of a road or the destruction of the road.  It involves the idea of cheating someone in a race by taking a position that is not right.


The false teachers had done this very thing. 

1)       They had blocked the Galatians progress

2)       They had presented the Galatians with a new running lane which was not part of the race.

3)       They had destroyed the road of truth

4)       They had cheated the Galatians out of their rightful place in  grace in order to manipulate the Galatians for the advantage of the false, cheating teachers.


Verse 8      This false teaching does not come from God. 

            It originates in the sinful nature of man.

            It originates from demons.  (1 Tim. 4:1-3)

            But, it is used by God to test people’s hearts (Deut. 13:3)


Verse 9     False teaching spreads.  It becomes the source of “light” used to interpret the next doctrinal issue or the next moral choice.  In the “light” of a lie nothing can be evaluated correctly.


Jesus warned the disciples of the yeast of the Pharisees in Mt. 16:5

Paul also in 1 Cor. 5:6 in reference to immorality

Verse 10    Confident. . .you will take no other view.”   Paul knows their heart.  The good heart will eventually reject the false teaching.  It may take time.  They may get caught up in a moment of bad doctrine, but the true believers will grow and eventually come around. 


throwing you into confusion” is from the word “ tarasson” which means to shake back and forth, to disturb, to trouble.


“No other view” refers to what? 

a)        the true gospel

b)       Paul’s original teaching

c)       The statement Paul just made

d)       That the legalist are dangerous


Judgment of false teachers:

            Jude 4-23

            2 Peter 2:1-22


Verse 11 

“If I am still preaching circumcision. . . ?”

a)        may refer to his days in Judaism

b)       may refer to a brief period of confusion in his own doctrine   (Paul had Timothy circumcised in Acts 16:3

c)       It may just be an accusation and a lie made about Paul


offense of the cross” refers to the hideousness of sin in man before God.  The terrible death, humiliation of the cross shows us what we truly are.  How can circumcision of any act be more affective than the actual payment for sin. 


Point:  If circumcision is the answer then there is no need for the cross. 


The reason man is not offended by sin is he is lacking in his knowledge of God’s character.  Meaning man will always compare himself with what he can see such as other men’s actions or the way other men appreciate him.  It requires doctrine, faith and the revelation of who God is to realize how bad off we are.


Verse 12 

emasculate” is castration.  It is another attempt by Paul to show how ridiculous legalism is.  If a little bit is good, lets make it really good.  If a little bit of legalism is good then lets go as far as we can with legalistic rules.


 Pagan priest in the area of the Galatians would practice castration.

Paul once again puts the practice of Judiasm during the church age one the same level as pagan rituals.


agitators” is from a word that means to upset or disturb someone’s mind.