“See to it” is “Blepete” and is an exhortation for the Christians not to follow the Israelites in unbelief.
In the first century Christians were rebelling against Jesus.
See to it brothers that none you in any you heart
evil unbelief about the to depart from God lifetime
πονηρός means “evil, wicked” (This evil heart is characterized by unbelief as seen next)
ἀπιστία (apistia) involves active disloyalty and passive unbelief. Here it is used as a genitive of quality indicating that unbelief characterized the evil heart.
ἀφίστημι is to fall away, to depart, to leave, to step aside from. This is the Greek word for our word “apostasy”. It means to a departure from and a repudiation of one’s position. The readers were ready to leave Jesus and return to Judaism. They were not going to become atheists. They were going to reject the revelation of the living God that came through his Son.
See John 8:47 and 10:27.
1) Active sense – disloyalty, rebellion
2) Passive sense – unbelief
It is more serious of a problem when Christians Rebel against Jesus the Apostle and High Priest of their faith
than it was for
“Today” of Psalm 95:7 becomes “Today” of 68 AD.
Actually the “Today” in this verse refers to the entire age
1) “Encourage” (“parakaleite”)
a. Refers to encouraging words and not to criticism or rebuke.
b. There is strength in numbers.
c. Christians are not meant to be isolated from other believers
d. This was one of the problems of the readers as seen in Heb. 10:25
e. Encourage daily because the problems are daily
f. Alone we may be impressed and overtaken by worldly wisdom or the deceitful schemes of men. Together we can be vigilant
a. This is not a one time, sudden sin. This is a long process that involves an attitude or behavior over a period of time.
b. No believer would allow this to happen unless they were deceived. Sin masquerades in various forms.
3) “Sins Deceitfulness”
a. Mt. 13:22 mentions the deceitfulness of riches.
b. Sin deceives because its effects are not seen instantly. Consider the warning for eating from the tree in the garden. Punishment was death, but they did not die until many years later. The penalty was a simple bolt of lightning. The sin resulted in entire families, generations and the human race facing not only death but also having to exist in the process of death that affects every part of our lives.
c. Since the penalty of sin is often later and appears to have no direct attachment we are deceived into thinking there is nothing wrong.
“have become” (“gegonamen”)is in the perfect tense which speaks of the present state that is a result of a past action. This is not a promise. The perfect shows that the readers have become and consequently now are partakers of Christ.
partakers for we have become of Christ
if the beginning of the assurance
until end firm we hold fast
upostasewV “upostaseos” – From a compound of hupo and histemi; a setting under or support. It means confidence, assurance, conviction and refers to the reality, essence, or nature of something. It refers to the groundwork or basis of hope.
metocoi “metoxoi” means “sharers” or “partakers”. It is the same term used in Heb. 3:1 to describe believers who share in the heavenly calling. This is not making the same statement as being “in Christ” as if it said “partakers of Christ”. This is saying we are partakers of something with Christ. Most likely partakers of the unshakable heavenly kingdom of 12:28. Those who are “in Christ” will “partake” of the heavenly kingdom “with Christ.”
The idea here is that believing is always now. True faith is not something you believed at a point in the past. True faith occurred in the past and continues today. Faith in the past is simply a starting point of a continuous state of belief.
The “if” clause is conditional and is telling us how we know we had faith in the past and became sharers.
If we continue we had faith. It is not saying that if we do not continue we have lost our faith or our salvation.
The Israelites left
3:16-19 – Unbelief will become unfaithfulness