Hebrews 11:29-40



Crossing the Red Sea

Moses parted the sea for them but the people followed and are given credit for faith


The Lord’s victory is recorded in Ex. 15:1 and is similar to his victory over the forces of chaos in Isaiah 51:9-11


Why did the Sea part?

  1. an act of God  - Ex. 14:14
  2. the east wind - Exodus
  3. the faith of the people – here in Hebrews


Why did the Egyptians drown?

  1. an act of God – Ex. 14:25
  2. the east wind – Exodus
  3. the Egyptian’s did not have faith – here in Hebrews


No more recording of deeds of faith in the wilderness for forty years



The walls of Jericho fall because of the people’s faith demonstrated in obedience of marching.



Rahab in Joshua 2:11

“zonah” in Joshua 2:1 means “a secular harlot” and not a temple prostitute.



  1. Gideon – fought Midian but at first didn’t believe (Jd. 6:11)
  2. Barak – fought Sisera the commander of the Canaanites and his chariots but at first Barak refused to fight unless Deborah went (Judges 5)
  3. Samson – fought the Philistines but his life was filled with weakness (Jd. 13-16)
  4. Jephthah – fought the Ammonites but made a rash vow to sacrifice his daughter (Jd. 11)
  5. David – had faith, had sin but received the promise in 2 Sam. 7:19 and 23:3-5
  6. Samuel – manifested the gift of the prophet and others followed him
  7. The Prophets


Notice: Barak and Gideon are out of order as are Jephthah and Samson and Samuel and David.



  1. conquered kingdoms - David
  2. administered justice – Solomon
  3. gained what was promised – The promised land in David and Solomon’s day
  4. shut the mouths of lions - Daniel
  5. quenched the fury of the flames – Shad, Mes, Abed.
  6. escaped the edge of the sword -
  7. weakness was turned to strength
  8. became powerful in battle - Maccabees
  9. routed foreign armies – Maccabees
  10. Women received back their dead, raised to life – Elijah and Elisha with the poor widow of Zarephath and the wealthy woman of Shunem



  1. Others were tortured
  2. some faced jeers
  3. flogging
  4. chained
  5. put in prison –Jeremiah in Jeremiah 20:2, 7-10, 37:15, 38:6-13
  6. stoned – Tertullian says Jeremiah was stoned
  7. sawed in two – Isaiah by Manasseh when he fled Jerusalem for hills of Bethlehem and was sawn in two with a wooden sword
  8. death by the sword
  9. sheepskins and goatskins – Elijah 2 Kings 1:8 and Isaiah and his disciples in Ascension of Isaiah 2:10
  10. destitute
  11. persecuted
  12. mistreated – Daniel 11:33 some would fall “by the sword or be burned or captured or plundered”
  13. wandered in deserts and mountains, in caves and holes


Some escaped death by the sword like Elijah others died by the sword.

If they lived or they died they did so by faith


In Acts James dies by sword and Peter escapes sword





The all accepted and believed the promise but none of them received the promise.

They died looking for something that was not on this earth



“Be made perfect”

    1. In Christ
    2. In Eternity



Judith -The Book of Judith is a vivid story relating how, in a grave crisis, God delivered the Jewish people through the instrumentality of a woman


2 Maccabees 6

   1 But not long after the king sent a certain old man of Antioch, to compel the Jews to depart from the laws of their fathers and of God:

    2 And to defile the temple that was in Jerusalem, and to call it the temple of Jupiter Olympius: and that in Gazarim of Jupiter Hospitalis, according as they were that inhabited the place.

    3 And very bad was this invasion of evils and grievous to all.

    4 For the temple was full of the riot and revellings of the Gentiles: and of men lying with lewd women. And women thrust themselves of their accord into the holy places, and brought in things that were not lawful.

    5 The altar also was filled with unlawful things, which were forbidden by the laws.

    6 And neither were the sabbaths kept, nor the solemn days of the fathers observed, neither did any man plainly profess himself to be a Jew.

    7 But they were led by bitter constraint on the king's birthday to the sacrifices: and when the feast of Bacchus was kept, they wore compelled to go about crowned with ivy in honour of Bacchus.

    8 And there went out a decree into the neighbouring cities of the Gentiles, by the suggestion of the Ptolemeans, that they also should act in like manner against the Jews, to oblige them to sacrifice:

    9 And whosoever would not conform themselves to the ways of the Gentiles, should be put to death: then was misery to be seen.

    10 For two women were accused to have circumcised their children: whom, when they had openly led about through the city with the infants hanging at their breasts, they threw down headlong from the walls.

    11 And others that had met together in caves that were near, and were keeping the sabbath day privately, being discovered by Philip, were burnt with fire, because they made a conscience to help themselves with their hands, by reason of the religious observance of the day.

    12 Now I beseech those that shall read this book, that they be not shocked at these calamities, but that they consider the things that happened, not as being for the destruction, but for the correction of our nation.

    13 For it is a token of great goodness when sinners are not suffered to go on in their ways for a long time, but are presently punished.

    14 For, not as with other nations (whom the Lord patiently expecteth, that when the day of judgment shall come, he may punish them in the fulness of their sins:)

    15 Doth he also deal with us, so as to suffer our sins to come to their height, and then take vengeance on us.

    16 And therefore he never withdraweth his mercy from us: but though he chastise his people with adversity, he forsaketh them not.

    17 But let this suffice in a few words for a warning to the readers. And now we must come to the narration.

    18 Eleazar one of the chief of the scribes, a man advanced in years, and of a comely countenance, was pressed to open his mouth to eat swine's flesh.

    19 But he, choosing rather a most glorious death than a hateful life, went forward voluntarily to the torment.

    20 And considering in what manner he was come to ii;, patiently bearing, he determined not to do any unlawful things for the love of life.

    21 But they that stood by, being moved with wicked pity, for the old friendship they had with the man, taking him aside, desired that flesh might be brought, which it was lawful for him to eat, that he might make as if he had eaten, as the king had commanded of the flesh of the sacrifice:

    22 That by so doing he might be delivered from death: and for the sake of their old friendship with the man they did him this courtesy.

    23 But he began to consider the dignity of his age, and his ancient years, and the inbred honour of his grey head, and his good life and conversation from a child: and he answered without delay, according to the ordinances of the holy law made by God, saying, that he would rather be sent into the other world.

    24 For it doth not become our age, said he, to dissemble: whereby many young persons might think that Eleazar, at the age of fourscore and ten years, was gone over to the life of the heathens:

    25 And so they, through my dissimulation, and for a little time of a corruptible life, should be deceived, end hereby I should bring a stain and a curse upon my old age.

    26 For though, for the present time, I should be delivered from the punishments of men, yet should I not escape the hand of the Almighty neither alive nor dead.

    27 Wherefore by departing manfully out of this life, I shall shew myself worthy of my old age:

    28 And I shall leave an example of fortitude to young men, if with a ready mind and constancy I suffer an honourable death, for the most venerable and most holy laws. And having spoken thus, he was forthwith carried to execution.

    29 And they that led him, and had been a little before more mild, were changed to wrath for the words he had spoken, which they thought were uttered out of arrogancy.

    30 But when he was now ready to die with the stripes, he groaned, and said: O Lord, who hast the holy knowledge, thou knowest manifestly that whereas I might be delivered from death, I suffer grevious pains in body: but in soul am well content to suffer these things be- cause I fear thee.

    31 Thus did this man die, leaving not only to young men, but also to the whole nation, the memory of his death for an example of virtue and fortitude.



2 Maccabees 7 –

1  It also happened that seven brothers with their mother were arrested and tortured with whips and scourges by the king, to force them to eat pork in violation of God's law.

2  One of the brothers, speaking for the others, said: "What do you expect to achieve by questioning us? We are ready to die rather than transgress the laws of our ancestors."

3  At that the king, in a fury, gave orders to have pans and caldrons heated.

4  While they were being quickly heated, he commanded his executioners to cut out the tongue of the one who had spoken for the others, to scalp him and cut off his hands and feet, while the rest of his brothers and his mother looked on.

5  When he was completely maimed but still breathing, the king ordered them to carry him to the fire and fry him. As a cloud of smoke spread from the pan, the brothers and their mother encouraged one another to die bravely, saying such words as these:

6  "The Lord God is looking on, and he truly has compassion on us, as Moses declared in his canticle, when he protested openly with the words, 'And he will have pity on his servants.'"

7  When the first brother had died in this manner, they brought the second to be made sport of. After tearing off the skin and hair of his head, they asked him, "Will you eat the pork rather than have your body tortured limb by limb?"

8  Answering in the language of his forefathers, he said, "Never!" So he too in turn suffered the same tortures as the first.

9  At the point of death he said: "You accursed fiend, you are depriving us of this present life, but the King of the world will raise us up to live again forever. It is for his laws that we are dying."

10  After him the third suffered their cruel sport. He put out his tongue at once when told to do so, and bravely held out his hands,

11  as he spoke these noble words: "It was from Heaven that I received these; for the sake of his laws I disdain them; from him I hope to receive them again."

12  Even the king and his attendants marveled at the young man's courage, because he regarded his sufferings as nothing.

13  After he had died, they tortured and maltreated the fourth brother in the same way.

14  When he was near death, he said, "It is my choice to die at the hands of men with the God-given hope of being restored to life by him; but for you, there will be no resurrection to life."