Genesis 1:14-19

This begins the second group of three days.

Days 1-3

Days 4-6

Light – separate light and darkness

Sun, moon, stars

Sky - separate waters, made Atmosphere,

Fish in water,  Birds in atmosphere

Land – separate water and land,

          - vegetation (food source)

Animals on land that eat vegetation


This day’s importance is seen in this:

a)      lengthy description – second in detail only to day six

b)      repetition – the order reverses

a.       14-15 – stars mentioned first

b.      16 – the moon and sun are in the center of these verses

c.       17 – sun mentioned first

c)      place in arrangement – it is in the middle of the seven days


Stars are mentioned only once.



a)      They are servants whose purpose is secondary to what is happening on the earth

b)      They are to make a distinction  between day and night

c)      They are to be signs - For John (Gospel of John, Revelation) a sign points to a greater spiritual truth.

                                                               i.      Hebrew says, “let them be for signs and for seasons, and for days and years”

d)      They are to mark:

                                                               i.      Seasons

                                                             ii.      Days

                                                            iii.      Years

e)      They are to give light to the earth.


 Signs in Scripture: Matt. 2:2; Matt. 24:29-30; Luke 21:11, 26; Rev. 12:1; Joel 2:30; Acts 2:19


Pagan Differences (Strong Anti-mytical thrust)

a)      They are not deities that control events on earth. They are not eternal but were created.

b)      They are not called by their Pagan names which were the name of a god.  Instead they are named by their function or their service.

                                                               i.      The sun is not called “semes” but instead “greater light” (Beth-Shemesh means "house or shrine of the sun.)

                                                             ii.      The moon is not called “yareah” or “lebana” but instead “lesser light”

c)      Other cultures

                                                               i.      Mesopotamia and Egypt had their great cosmic gods.

                                                             ii.      Sumerians had Anu, Enlil and Enki

                                                            iii.      Babylonians had the trinity of three stars: Sin, Shamash an dIshtar

                                                           iv.      Egypt had Nut, Shu and Geb under the Sun god Ra

  Ezekiel 8:16 the priest face sun for worship in temple court yard.

See Isaiah 40:25-26 – “To whom will you compare Me? . . .”

See Isaiah 44:6-20


 To the Pagans the Sun, Moon and Stars were deities.  God calls them not by their Pagan names but instead calls them “greater light” and “lesser light”.


  One of the primary purposes was to announce the times as in the Jewish feasts schedule. (Ex. 23:15; Lev. 23:4)



Reconciling Genesis 1:1 with Genesis 1:14:

a)      The world was not perfected and complete in Gen. 1:1.  There it was an empty chaos on earth and throughout the universe.  The universe was created in Gen. 1:1 but it was completed in Gen. 1:14.

b)      The universe was completer with sun, moon and stars in Gen. 1:1 but it was not visible from the earth until day four in Gen. 1:14 due to vapor, clouds, fog, canopy, etc.

c)      The term “heavens” means universe and so the universe with its planets, stars, etc. was complete in Gen. 1:1.  The syntax of verse 14 is different than verse 6 (Gen. 1:6) when God made the expanse or the atmosphere.  In 1:6 God clearly creates the expanse on the second day in the Hebrew language.  In 1:14 the Hebrew syntax is different.  It does not say,  Let there be lights. . .” as if there were no lights.  Instead, the Hebrew says, “And God said, ‘Let the lights in the expanse of the sky separate the day from the night.’   In other words the sun, moon and stars were already there God just assigned them their duties which possibly included establishing their positions and orbits.


Calvin says at this time they became the source of the light that had already been in existence since day one.


The light of the first day was the presence of the word (John 1:1) or the spiritual light of the world.  Wisdom (Prov. 8) came into the world and brought order and purpose.  The light of the first day was spiritual.


The light of the second day was physical and something needed by the natural world for function.


In verse 15 it says “And it was so” or “wayehi-ken”.  This means it was fixed and remained that way. This marks the end of the account of Day Four.


In verse 16 there is not an account of the “creation” or how the stars were “made” but instead a comment emphasizing the point of verses 14-15.  The information gained from 14-15 is stated in verse 16, “So God (and no other) made two great lights (they are not deities).


Lights Dominate or Govern these things:

  • Light and Darkness
  • Seasons
  • Length of Day and Year

Rotation and Oribt of Lights

  • Length of Day - as Earth turns on axis and recieves light from sun
  • Length of Month - as Moon orbits around the earth
  • Length of Year - as Earth orbits around the sun
  • Length of Week - not controlled by orbits or rotation but by God's word


The Witness of the Stars



Psalm 19

                                                             A. 1-4. The Heavens.
                                                                B. 4-6. "In them" the Sun. 
                                                             A. 7-10. The Scriptures.
                                                                B. 11-14. "In them" Thy Servant.
Stars given names by God:
Ps. 147:4; Isa. 40:26
Job 38:31, 32; 26:13; 9:9
Gen. 3:15

In Job 38:32 the Hebrew word "Mazzaroth" means the twelve signs of the Zodiac and the associated constellations.
The Zodiac has been used since ancient times and the signs remain the same in Egypt, India, Greece, Israel, China, etc.

There was revelation from God before the written scripture (Gen. 26:5; Job 23:12)

Josephus says Seth and Enoch organized the revelation from God concerning the heavenly bodies.
Josephus writes:
Now this Seth, when he was brought up, and came to those years in which he could discern what was good,
became a virtuous man; and as he was himself of an excellent character, so did he leave children behind
him who imitated his virtues. All these proved to be of good dispositions. They also inhabited the same
country without dissensions, and in a happy condition, without any misfortunes falling upon them, till they died.
They also were the inventors of that peculiar sort of wisdom which is concerned with the heavenly bodies, and their order.

And that their inventions might not be lost before they were sufficiently known, upon Adam's prediction that the
world was to be destroyed at one time by the force of fire, and at another time by the violence and quantity of water, they made two pillars, the one of brick, the other of stone: they inscribed their discoveries on them both, that in case the pillar of brick should be destroyed by the flood,
the pillar of stone might remain, and exhibit those discoveries to mankind; and also inform them that there was another pillar of brick erected by them.
Now this remains in the land of Siriad to this day. Negative Side and the Danger of Astrology:
1) Dt. 4:19; Es. 47:11-14; Acts 7:42, 42
2) Astrology is same as ancient polytheism (Rom. 1:23)
3) It is sorship of demons and fallen angels: Is. 14:12-15; 2 Kings 21:3-6

BOOK ONE : VIRGO The Prophecy of the Promised Seed of the Woman




VIRGO-The Virgin

H-virgin; A-branch/ear of corn

Isa 7:14-A virgin will conceive

COMA-the desired

H-desired; P-woman feed baby boy

Hag 2:7-desired of all nations shall come

CENTAURUS-the centaur

A,C-the despised; H-sin offering

Isa 53:3-despised/rejected of men

BOOTES-the coming one

H-the coming; E-one who rules

Ps 96:13-he cometh to judge the earth; Enoch 7&8

The Promised Seed of the woman, the Desired of all nations, a two-natured being, who will come to harvest.


BOOK ONE : LIBRA The Redeemer's Atoning Work




LIBRA-the scales

H-weighing;A-purchase; Co-propitiation

Isa 53:10-sin offering(balance our lacks)

CRUX-the cross

H-cutting off; H-limit/finish

Dan 9:26- 62 weeks, messiah cut off

LUPUS-the victim

H,A-to be slain

Isa 53:7-lamb to the slaughter; Ez18:4 blood remission

CORONA-the crown

H-royal crown; A-,jewel

PS 110:1-thine enemies thy footstool

The price deficient balanced by the price which covers. The Cross endured by the Victicm slain, who receives the Crown.


BOOK ONE : SCORPIO The Redeemer's Conflict




SCORPIO-the scorpion

H-the conflict; A-wound him that cometh

Good vs Evil

SERPENS-the serpent

H,A-the serpent held

Gen 3:15-bruise the head; Ps 91:13 tread on the adder

OPHIUCHUS-serpent holder:

No other names found

Fighting with Satan

HERCULES-the mighty one

E-who cometh; A-strong one

Rev 19:11-white horse; conqueror

The Scorpion seeking to wound, but itself trodden under foot. The Serpent and the Man struggling. The Mighty Man kneeling on one knee, humbled in the conflict, but holding aloft the tokens of victory, with his foot on the head of the Dragon.


BOOK ONE : SAGITTARIUS The Redeemer's Triumph




SAGITTARIUS-the archer

H,E,G,A-arrow; Co-beauty of coming forth

Ps 45:3-5-people fall under thee; Ps64: God shoots arrow

LYRA-the harp

No other names found [symbolizes rejoicing]

Rev 19:7-be glad, give honor; 5:13 blessing & honor

ARA-the burning pyre

A-finishing; G-cursing

Ps 21:9-fire shall devour them

DRACO-the dragon

G-trodden on; Co-serpent accursed

Isa 27:1-slay the dragon; Ps91:13 tread on adder

The two-natured Conqueror going forth; Praise prepared for the Conqueror and the consuming fire prepared for His enemy the Ol serpent--the Devil.




BOOK TWO : CAPARISONS Their Blessings Procured




CAPRICORNUS-the sea goat

Replace of sacrifice; H,A-cut off

Isa 53:8-stricken for my people;Lev 9:15; 16:22

SAGITTA-the arrow

No other names found[has no human connection]

Isa 53:4-smitten of God(royal eagle fall)

AQUILA-the eagle

No other names found

[royal symbol, falling in death]

DELPHINUS-the dolphin

H-pouring out water; A-coming quickly

died but rose again(whole New Testament)

The goat of Atonement for the Redeemed slain by the arrow of God. the smitten One falling, and Rising again.


BOOK TWO : AQUARIUSTheir Blessings Ensured




AQUARIUS-the water bearer

frostbitten of him coming down

Isa 33:-Lord is rivers/streams;Joel 2:pours out Spirit

PISCUS AUSTRALIS-the Southern fish

A-mouth of the fish

blessing is bestowed on the redeemed

PEGASUS-the winged horse

H-chief horse

speedy bestowment of living waters

CYGNUS-the swan

Ethics from afar

Ps 36:8-9-fountain of life

The living waters of blessing poured forth for the Redeemed who Drink in the Blessing. Bringing speedily the Good News of the returning Redeemer.


BOOK TWO : PISCES Their Blessings in Abeyance




PISCES-the fishes

E-fishes of him that cometh

Blesings to Israel & Ethnos(Eph 3:6)

THE BAND-the band

E-He cometh

Jer 31:11; Hos 11:4 [held in Satan's grip]


H-the chained; E-set up as queen

Jer 14:17-daughter broken; Isa 52:2 bands of thy neck

CEPHUS-the crowned king

H-the branch; E-one cometh to rule

Jer 31:1-I will be God to all the families of Israel

The Redeemed blessed though bound. (The two Houses of Israel and Judah) by a Band to their great enemy. The redeemed in bondage waiting for their Redeemer coming to rule.


BOOK TWO : ARIES Their Blessings Consummated and Enjoyed




ARIES-the ram

Ak-sacrifice of righteousness

Lamb revives, full of life(New Testament)

CASSIOPEIA-the enthroned woman

A-the freed; E-set up as queen

Isa 62:3-5-marriage of Christ; Isa 61:10, Isa 54:5-8

CETUS-the sea monster


Ps 74:12-14-break dragon's head; Isa 26:21; 27:1

PERSEUS-the breaker

E-who fights & subdues

Christ is the agency of deliverance(many refs)

The Lamb that was slain. The captive to be delivered and prepared for her for her Husband, who is bound to Cetus, the sea monster, who will be Broken by the Deliverer.




BOOK THREE : TAURUS Messiah, the Coming Judge of All the Earth




TAURUS-the bull

E-who saves/delivers; H-coming/ruling

Isa 34:2;26:21; Jud 14-rushing to judge; gore enemies

ORION-the glorious one

Ak-light of heaven

Isa 60:1-3-glory of the Lord

ERIDANUS-the river


Dan 7:9-fire/judge-->Ps 97;Ps 1; Isa 30;Isa 66; Nahum 1

AURIGA-the shepherd

H-shepherd; E-sceptre/power

Isa 49:10-11-gather the lambs; Fez 34:22

Messiah coming to rule in the person of the redeemer. whose Wrath is breaking forth on His enemies, while He shepherd's his Redeemed in safety.


BOOK THREE : GEMINI Messiah's Reign as Prince of Peace




GEMINI-the twins

breaking of him who cometh; H,A,G-the united

Jer33:14 Righteous (2 natured) branch to rule; Jer 23:5

LEPUS-the hare


Isa 63:3-4-trample the enemy; Mal 4; Ps 60;12

Canis Major-the dog

E-the head; A-coming quickly

Isa 59:19-redeemer shall come to Zion; Isa 49:24

Canis Minor-the 2nd dog


Isa 59:19-redeemer shall come to Zion; Isa 49:24

The twofold nature of the King who treads His enemy under foot. The coming glorious Prince of Prices, the exalted Redeemer.


BOOK THREE : CANCER Messiah's Redeemed Possessions




CANCER-the crab

E-the cattle-folds; A-holds/binds; Ak-sieze seed

Enfolding of the redeemed

Ursa Minor-the little bear

lesser sheepfold(ancient picture)

EZ 34:12-16

Ursa Major-the great bear

A-assembled together(great sheepfold)

EZ 34:12-16

ARGO-the ship

(many voyagers coming home)

Isa 35:10-ransomed of Lord to Zion; Isa 51; Jer 31; Isa 60

The possessions held fast in the Lesser and greater Sheepfolds. The redeemed pilgrims safely journeying home.


BOOK THREE : LEO Messiah's consummated Triumph




LEO-the lion

S-rending lion; A-vehemently leaping as flame

Rev 5:5 Lion of tribe of Judah prevails

HYDRA-the serpent

means he is abhorred no other names found

Rev 20:2- Satan chained

CRATER-the cup

pouring out something no other names found

Ps 75:8-God's cup; Ps 11:6 fire/brimstone in the cup

CORVUS-the raven

the enemy/breaking up[snake natural enemy]

Rev 19:hybrids eat God's enemy's flesh

The Lion of the Tribe of Judah aroused for the rending of the Enemy, the old Serpent. the cup of Divine wrath poured out, while birds of prey devour him.


The Lunar Zodiac would seem from history to be more ancient than the Solar Zodiac. However, as we shall see, they undoubtedly have a common source. The Lunar Zodiac can be found in India, Arabia and China. Unlike China and Arabia, the Indian astronomy assigned figures to each of the Mansions of the Moon. The Lunar Zodiac travels around the same ecliptic as the Solar, but is divided into twenty-eight parts. Each of these Mansions has it's own particular name.

Joseph A. Seiss has written a very complete account of the Zodiacs, including related subjects, like primeval man. I urge you to get this book called, "The Gospel in the Stars." About the history of the Lunar Zodiac Seiss says, "Astronomers agree in regarding this LunarZodiac as containing the most ancient remains of the science of the stars. The Romans, Greeks, and Egyptians knew little or nothing about it, but it is a matter of record in China that it was known and understood in that country as early as the reign of Yao, about twenty-three hundred years before the Christian era, which was before the time of Abraham. In the Chinese astronomy it begins with Virgo, which would seem to indicate that the Chinese table came from the antediluvian times."

If it was meant that the stars should carry a prophetic record of the Gospel, then we would find it also in the arrangement and naming of the Lunar Mansions. And, of course, it is.

For ease of comparison, I'll table the Lunar Mansions as they occur in relation to the Solar Zodiac. And from E. Raymond Capt's excellent introductory study of this subject, I'll quote the summary for each of the four constellations that make up the twelve signs.


Seed of the Woman, the Desire of nations, Man of double nature in humiliation, exalted Shepherd and Harvester.



Al Awa

the Desired

Simak al Azel

Branch of the Power of God


the Atonement, the Propitiation by sacrifice


The Price to be paid, the Cross to be endured, the Victim slain, the Crown purchased.



Al Zubena

the redeeming, the regaining by purchase, the buying back

Al Iclil

the complete submission


The Conflict, the Serpent's coils, the struggle with the Enemy, the toiling Vanquisher of evil.



Al Kalb

the cleaving or wounding

Al Shaula

the sting, the deadly wound


The double-natured One triumphing as a Warrior, he gladdens the Heavens, he builds the fires of punishment, he casts down the Dragon.



al Naim

the gracious, the delighted in

Al Beldah

hastily coming, as to judgement


Life out of Death, the Arrow of God, Pierced and falling, Springing up again in abundant life.



Al Dibah

the sacrifice slain


Life-waters from on high, Drinking the heavenly flood, Carrying and speeding the Good News, bearing aloft the Cross over all the earth.



Sa'ad al Bula

witness of the rising or drinking in

Sa'ad al Su'ud

witness of the swimming or outpouring

Al Achbiya

the fountain of pouring


Multiplication of the Redeemer's People, upheld and governed by the Lamb, the intended Bride bound and exposed on earth, the Bridegroom exalted.



Al Pherg al Muchaddem

the progeny of the ancient times

Al Pherg al Mauchher

the progeny of latter times

Al Risha

the band, the joined together


The Lamb found worthy, the Bride released and making ready, Satan bound, the Breaker triumphing.



Al Sheratan

the wounded, that was cut off

Al Botein

the treading under foot

Al Thuraiya

the enemy punished


The invincible Ruler come, the sublime Vanquisher, the River of Judgement, the all-ruling Shepherd.



Al Debaran

the Leader, the Governor, the Subduer

Al Heka

the driving away


The Marriage of the Lamb, the Enemy trodden down, the Prince coming in Glory, his princely following.



Al Henah

the wounded in the foot

Al Dirah

the ill-treated


The Possession secured, Lesser fold - the Church of the first born, Greater fold - Israel, the Bride, safe folding into the kingdom.



Al Nethra

the treasure, the possession

Al Terpha

the healed, the delivered, the saved


The King aroused for the rending, the Serpent fleeing, the Bowl of Wrath upon him, his Carcass devoured.



Al Gieba

the exaltation, the Price

Al Zubra

the heaped-up, as sin and delayed punishment

Al Serpha

the burning, the funeral-pyre.