Ham (30 nations)

10:18-20 – “Later the Canaanite clans scattered and the borders of Canaan reached from Sidon toward Gerar as far as Gaza, and then toward Sodom, Gomorarah, Admah and Zeboiim, as far as Lasha.  These are the sons of Ham by their clans and languages, in their territories and nations.”


Ham’s descendants are going to move into the land of Canaan, Arabia and Africa.




































 From Casluhites:




From Raamah:




  Cush settles in Arabia (modern Saudia Arabia and Yemen)

Mizriam goes to Egypt and NE Africa

Canaan settles in the land of Canaan (modern Israel, Lebanon, Syria )



  1. Cush
    1. Africa’s Nubia located south of Egypt
    2. It is “Ethiopia” in the Septuagint but not modern Ethiopia
    3. Isaiah 37:9; Jeremiah 13:23; Genesis 2:13
    4. Notice the sons of Cush are in Arabia (Saudi Arabia) and south of Egypt
    5. 10:8 – “Cush was the father of Nimrod, who grew to be a mighty warrior on the earth.”
    6. 10:9 – “He was a mighty hunter before the Lord; . . . “
    7. 10:9 – “That is why it is said, ‘Like Nimrod, a mighty hunter before the Lord.’ ”
    8. 10:10 – “The first centers of his kingdom were:

                                                               i.      Babylon

                                                             ii.      Erech

                                                            iii.      Akkad

                                                            iv.      Calneh in Shjinar

    1. 10:11- “From that land he went to Assyria, where he built:

                                                               i.      Nineveh

                                                             ii.      Rehoboth Ir

                                                            iii.      Calah

                                                            iv.      Resen, between Nineveh and Calah, the great city.

  1. Mizraim
    1. Mizraim is not a translation but a transliteration of the Hebrew word for Egypt
    2. The “im” makes it plural or dual speaking of the two Egypts: Upper and Lower
    3. Notice the sons of Mizraim are near Egypt
  2. Put
    1. Put is translated as Libya (west of Egypt on Mediterranean Coast) in the Septuagint
    2. Nahum 3:9 distinguishes Put and Libya but Ham’s sons are listed from South to North placing Put in Libya.
    3. Jeremiah 46:9; Ezekiel 30:5; 38:4; 27:10
    4. No sons are listed
  3. Canaan
    1. Many details along with a long list accompanies Canaan since they settled in the land that was to be given to Israel.
    2. This is basically the land of Israel today and includes modern Lebanon and part of Syria
    3. Canaan was originally controlled by Egypt
    4. The term Canaan appears in Egyptian, Mesopotamian texts including cuneiform writing.
  4. Seba
    1. Son of Cush
    2. Seba is listed with Egypt and Cush in Isaiah 43:3 and 45:14
    3. Seba is probably an African people
    4. Herodotus and Josephus both call Seba the capital of Ethiopia
  5. Havilah
    1. Son of Cush
    2. Referred to in the Garden of Eden
    3. Havilah here is related to  Arabia
    4. Shem also has a Havilah in his line which may have blended with this Havilah
    5. Havilah is related to Ishmaiel in Gen. 25:18 and 1 Sam. 15:7
  6. Sabtah
    1. Son of Cush
    2. The ancient city of Shabwat (from Sabtah) is the capital of Hadramaut in south Arabia.
  7. Raamah
    1. Son of Cush
    2. Raamah is named with Sheba in Ezekiel 27:22 as being a trader with the city of Tyre
    3. Raamah is in southern Arabia which is Yemen and south of modern Saudi Arabia.
  8. Sabteca
    1. Son of Cush
    2. Southern Arabia
  9. Sheba
    1. Son of Raamah, Grandson of Cush
    2. Along with Dedan, Sheba is an Arabian tribe known for commercial trade (1 Kings 10:1-13; Psalms 72:10; Ezekiel 27:15; 38:13)
    3. The Queen of Sheba visited King Solomon in 1 Kings 10:1 and 2 Chronicles 9:1
    4. Sheba is in southern Arabia
  10. Dedan
    1. Son of Raamah, Grandson of Cush
    2. Dedan is associated with Edom in Jeremiah 49:8 which would place them in northern Arabia
  11. Ludites
    1. Son of Mizraim
    2. The Lydians of western Asia Minor
    3. The prophets associate the Ludites with African people in Jeremiah 46:9 and Ezekiel 30:5
  12. Anamites
    1. Son of Mizraim
    2. This could be in the Libyan desert or west of Alexandria, Egypt
  13. Lehabites
    1. Son of Mizraim
    2. A people associated with the Lybians
  14. Naphtuhites
    1. Son of Mizraim
    2. They are associated with Lehabites of Lybia and the Pathrusites of Upper (southern) Egypt
    3. These associations would place Naphtuhites in Lower (northern) Egypt and possibly in the Delta
  15. Pathrusites
    1. Son of Mizraim
    2. These are the people of Pathros which is in Upper (southern) Egypt
    3. The prophets connect them to Egypt  in Isaiah 11:11; Jeremiah 44:1, 15; Ezekiel 29:14; 30:14.
  16. Casluhites
    1. Son of Mizraim
    2. Some migrated out of Egypt into Southern Canaan around 3,000 BC and became known as the Philistines we meet in the book of Genesis around Beersheba in Abraham and Isaac’s day (Gen. 20:2; 26:1; Ex. 13:17; 23:31)
  17. Caphtorites
    1. Son of Mizraim
    2. Caphtor, or the home of the Caphtorites, is the island of Caphtor (later known as Crete) in the Mediterranean Sea
    3. The people of Caphtor (Crete) are associated with Egypt in ancient literature including Amos 9:7 and Jeremiah 47:4
    4. These came from the sea and assumed the name Philistines
    5. Amos 9:7 and Jeremiah 47:4 says these Philistines came from Caphtor (Crete)
    6. The Philistines of Genesis were Canaanites with a king
    7. The Philistines from Caphtor (Crete) had city-states like the Greeks which included five major Philistine cities each with a king as is seen in Samuel, Saul and David’s day.
    8. The Philistines from Caphtor brought iron from the western world and dominated the land of Canaan.  They did not allow a blacksmith in Israel.
  18. Philistines
    1. Descendants of Casluhites and Caphtorites
  19. Sidon
    1. Son of Canaan
    2. The earliest urban center of Phonecia.
  20. Hittites
    1. Son of Canaan
    2. Ezekiel 16:3 founded the city of Jerusalem along with the Amorites
    3. Lived in the area of Judah in Genesis including Hebron
    4. Gen. 23:3 – Abraham bought the Cave of Machpelah from Ephron the Hittite
  21. Jebusites
    1. Son of Canaan
    2. Occupied Salem or Jebus or Jerusalem
  22. Amorites
    1. Son of Canaan
    2. Akkadian texts show Amorites in Syria and Lebanon
    3. Ezekiel 16:3, 45 says they moved into Mesopotamia
    4. King Hammurabi and the people o Mari were Amorites who moved into Babylon
  23. Girgashites
    1. Son of Canaan
    2. Deut. 7:1
  24. Hivites
    1. Son of Canaan
    2. Shechem of the city of Shechem who raped Jacob’s daughter Dinah was a Hivite
    3. Hivites also lived in Lebanon (Judges 3:3), in Gibeon (Joshua 9:1, 7), Mt. Hermon (Joshua 11:3)
  25. Arkites
    1. Son of Canaan
    2. Coast of Lebanon
  26. Sinites
    1. Son of Canaan
  27. Arvadites
    1. Son of Canaan
  28. Zemarites
    1. Son of Canaan
  29. Hamathites
    1. Son of Canaan
    2. They settled in Hamath which is 130 miles north of Damascus


 Map of the Sons of Ham

 The Cities of NimrodSons of Ham and Canaan