Better a dry crust with peace and quiet than a
house full of feasting, with strife.
crust is "dry" because there is nothing
to dip it in such as olive oil, vinegar, sauce
or in our case, no butter.
with strife" is literally in Hebrew "strife-offering"
or "sacrifices of conflict".
The typical time for feasting and eating meat
were at religious festivals where sacrifices where
offered and then eaten. According to the Law of
Moses a peace offering was accompanied by feasting
and rejoicing as a family.
is referred to in Deuteronomy 12:
" 7 There, in the presence of the LORD your
God, you and your families shall eat and shall
rejoice in everything you have put your hand to,
because the LORD your God has blessed you. . .
.11 Then to the place the LORD your God will choose
as a dwelling for his Name there you are to bring
everything I command you: your burnt offerings
and sacrifices, your tithes and special gifts,
and all the choice possessions you have vowed
to the LORD. 12 And there rejoice before the LORD
your God, you, your sons and daughters, your menservants
and maidservants, and the Levites from your towns,
who have no allotment or inheritance of their
own. . . .15 Nevertheless, you may slaughter your
animals in any of your towns and eat as much of
the meat as you want, as if it were gazelle or
deer, according to the blessing the LORD your
God gives you. Both the ceremonially unclean and
the clean may eat it. . . .18-you are to eat them
in the presence of the LORD your God at the place
the LORD your God will choose you, your sons and
daughters, your menservants and maidservants,
and the Levites from your townsman you are to
rejoice before the LORD your God in everything
you put your hand to." (also, 1 Sam. 9:12-13,
22-24; 20:6, 29)
proverb points out true priorities. It is better
to have peace in your home life than wealth. Both,
peace and wealth are attainable, but never forget
which one is the most desirable.
Do not envy the wealthy that are overcome with
lives filled with strife.
A wise servant will rule over a disgraceful son,
and will share the inheritance as one of the brothers.
proverb tells us plainly what is true in both
the spiritual and temporal worlds. Ultimately,
the position and the power go to those who are
capable and qualified, and not always to the favored.
these proverbs are not laws.
Proverbs are tendencies that occur in life.
They are not absolute laws.
Proverbs are principles that can be used to guide
your life in wisdom and righteousness.
on son, Rehoboam, lost 10 of the 12 tribes of
Israel, to one of Solomon's construction foremen,
named Jeroboam. (1 Kings 11:28)
9:7, "7 "Are not you Israelites the
same to me as the Cushites?" declares the
LORD . "Did I not bring Israel up from Egypt,
the Philistines from Caphtor and the Arameans
8:11-13, "I say to you that many will come
from the east and the west, and will take their
places at the feast with Abraham, Isaac and Jacob
in the kingdom of heaven. But the subjects of
the kingdom will be thrown outside, into the darkness,
where there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth."
Then Jesus said to the centurion, "Go! It
will be done just as you believed it would."
And his servant was healed at that very hour."
the verse before true priorities and values are
pointed out: Wisdom is greater than son ship
it was not customary for a servant to rule over
Proverbs 19:10, "It is not fitting for a
fool to live in luxury - how much worse for a
slave to rule over princes!"
Proverbs 30:22, "Under three things the earth
trembles, under four it cannot bear up: a servant
who becomes king, a fool who is full of food,
. . ."
The concept that a slave would receive a portion
of the family estate is outrageous in Israel.
in the face of customs and social standards a
persons virtue and wisdom count for more than
social, economic and family standing.
nothing else, this proverb is meant to teach the
son that his character and wisdom are more important
than his family position.
The crucible for silver and the furnace for gold,
but the LORD tests the heart.
second half of the verse alone would give God
the appearance as being only the examiner or the
one to crush us.
The first half of the verse lets us know that
this testing and crushing are constructive. We
are purified like gold or silver.
6:27-30, "I have made you a tester of metals
and my people the ore, that you may observe and
test their ways. 28 They are all hardened rebels,
going about to slander. They are bronze and iron;
they all act corruptly. 29 The bellows blow fiercely
to burn away the lead with fire, but the refining
goes on in vain; the wicked are not purged out.
30 They are called rejected silver, because the
LORD has rejected them."
is to the heart what the smelting-pot is for silver.
is the word that means "to grind, to try
Proverbs 27:21 we see this testing that comes
from God, may come through men:
"The crucible for silver and the furnace
for gold, but man is tested by the praise he receives."
Lord will examine us and expose our weaknesses
so that we (along with him) my make corrections
in Psalm 139:23-24:
" Search me, O God, and know my heart; test
me and know my anxious thoughts. See if there
is any offensive way in me, and lead me in the
way everlasting. "
23:10, "But he knows the way that I take;
when he has tested me, I will come forth as gold."
Corinthians 4:4, "My conscience is clear,
but that does not make me innocent. It is the
Lord who judges me."
Peter 5:6, 7, "In this you greatly rejoice,
though now for a little while you may have had
to suffer grief in all kinds of trials. 7These
have come so that your faith of greater worth
than gold, which perishes even though refined
by fire may be proved genuine and may result in
praise, glory and honor when Jesus Christ is revealed."
A wicked man listens to evil lips; a liar pays
attention to a malicious tongue.
Living Bible: "Wrongdoers listen to wicked
talk; liars pay attention to destructive words."
wicked person takes evil gossip, which are lies,
and spreads the destruction.
many of the proverbs the first half of the verse
sheds light into the second half and vise-versa.
So here the wicked man in the first half is the same man who is the
liar in the second half.
evil lips in the first half are the same source
as the malicious tongue in the second half.
So then the first half speaks of words that are
The second half describes those words as lies
The words then are gossip that is not true, it
is evil and it is a falsehood whose purpose is
to destroy someone.
you find yourself involve in something like this,
either speaking or listening, realize this is
the practice of the wicked and the liars and the
result is the destruction of an innocent character.
can be judged by who you listen to and by who
listens to you.
are again identified as affecting the community.
(listened to or spoken) reveal your character
and effect your community (build or destroy)
He who mocks the poor shows contempt for their
Maker; whoever gloats over disaster will not go
is the attitude of a heartless person.
care of the poor is a theme that runs through
out the Bible.
Care of the poor is seen as an expectation of
the righteous person and as an indication of their
Children's children are a crown to the aged, and
parents are the pride of their children.
group is an inspiration to the other group. Children
to their grandparents, parents to the children
7 Arrogant lips
are unsuited to a fool— how much worse lying lips to a ruler!
the word "nabal". He is one who knows what is right but is
not self disciplined enough to do it.
"Fool" is described through out the Bible as crude, godless,
is "nadib" and is also translated "nobleman".
is a word that means "lofty, excellent, or
fine". It has the idea of excess. The LXX
translates it "reliable".
Even the NIV corrects "arrogant" in
its footnotes to "eloquent."
The Massoretic Text (Hebrew Text of the Jews)
has the literal "lip of excess (or surplus)"
instead of arrogant.
So, this verse could be saying that "lofty"
words do not fit a fool, but it is even a worse
fit for a nobleman to lie.
Point: Your words match your character.
Or, "It is not suitable to hear an abundance
of words from a fool, but even worse to listen
to a noble man lie.
Point: Fools shouldn't speak; Nobleman shouldn't
describes the kingdom of God when it arrives and the fool of the world
is de-throned. Here we find a good description of a fool:
" No longer will the fool be called noble nor the scoundrel be
6 For the fool speaks folly,
his mind is busy with evil:
He practices ungodliness and
spreads error concerning the LORD;
the hungry he leaves empty and from the thirsty he withholds water.
7 The scoundrel's methods are wicked,
he makes up evil schemes to destroy the poor with lies, even when the
plea of the needy is just.
8 But the noble man makes noble plans, and by noble deeds he
Isaiah compares the
fool and the noble man.
The noble man has a
noble heart (plans) and does noble things (deeds)
8 A bribe is a
charm to the one who gives it; wherever he turns, he succeeds.
Living Bible: "A bribe seems to work like magic for those who give
it; they succeed in all they do."
is "stone of favor" and so describes
the apparent "magical" powers of a bribe,
thus the NIV word "charm."
he turns" could be translated "whenever
he uses it".
It would then read "whenever he uses it,
17:23, "A wicked man accepts a bribe in secret
to pervert the course of justice."
6:35, Here a bribe will not work
21:14, "A gift given in secret soothes anger,
and a bribe concealed in the cloak pacifies great
He who covers over an offense promotes love, but
whoever repeats the matter separates close friends.
friends" is a single Hebrew word.
half promotes the advantage of silence. To refrain
from speaking here is an indication of love.
Second half reveals the problem with speaking.
In this case sharing information can destroy a
deep bound of friendship.
If you are going to have deep relationships with
people there are going to be times when you do
not say everything. Sharing gossip about a friend
or revealing an offense the friend committed must
A rebuke impresses a man of discernment more than
a hundred lashes a fool.
character trait of wisdom is a willingness to
A character trait of a fool is their inability
to perceive their error or their unwillingness
lashes" is meant to be an example of excessive
efforts to communicate with a fool. Nothing works.
An evil man is bent only on rebellion; a merciless
official will be sent against him.
Living Bible: "Evil people seek rebellion,
but they will be severely punished."
Hebrew for "evil" is "akmeri"
The Hebrew for "merciless" is "akzari"
thus making a play on the sound of the two words.
people will always rebel against the established
authority and institutions of God such as:
a) marriage, b) family, c) government, d) nationalism
these authorities are established by God, evil
people will always be met with merciless judgment.
Better to meet a bear robbed of her cubs than
a fool in his folly.
is better to have your life in danger, than to
cross pass with a fool who is acting out is foolish
thoughts, words of deeds.
is better than a fool in action.
If a man pays back evil for good, evil will never
leave his house.
himself experienced this in his home after he
had mistreated the very faithful and honorable
Uriah by stealing his wife and having him killed.
Peter 3:9-12, "Do not repay evil with evil
or insult with insult, but with blessing, because
to this you were called so that you may inherit
10 For, "Whoever would love life and see good
days must keep his tongue from evil and his lips
from deceitful speech. 11 He must turn from evil
and do good; he must seek peace and pursue it.
12 For the eyes of the Lord are on the righteous
and his ears are attentive to their prayer, but
the face of the Lord is against those who do evil."
Starting a quarrel is like breaching a dam; so
drop the matter before a dispute breaks out.
Once a dam cracks it is going to develop into
the disaster of the whole system.
Likewise a quarrel. A small quarrel is going to
spread further than the original disagreement.
A person can not predict the damage, control
the event or retrieve what was damaged.
Point: Stop a quarrel at the very beginning.
Acquitting the guilty and condemning the innocent—
the LORD detests them both.
the prophets injustice within a national system
of government is promised to be judged by God
Also, in personal lives and decisions God expects
fairness and justice.
Of what use is money in the hand of a fool, since
he has no desire to get wisdom?
Living Bible: "It is senseless to pay tuition
to educate a fool who has no heart for wisdom."
of money is not the fools problem, because even
if he had money he could still not buy wisdom.
is not acqirued by money.
There is no charge for wisdom.
"But where can wisdom be found? Where does understanding
dwell? 13 Man does not comprehend its worth; it
cannot be found in the land of the living. 14
The deep says, 'It is not in me'; the sea says,
'It is not with me.' 15 It cannot be bought with
the finest gold, nor can its price be weighed
in silver. 16 It cannot be bought with the gold
of Ophir, with precious onyx or sapphires. 17
Neither gold nor crystal can compare with it,
nor can it be had for jewels of gold. 18 Coral
and jasper are not worthy of mention; the price
of wisdom is beyond rubies. 19 The topaz of Cush
cannot compare with it; it cannot be bought with
pure gold. 20 "Where then does wisdom come from?
Where does understanding dwell? 21 It is hidden
from the eyes of every living thing, concealed
even from the birds of the air. 22 Destruction
and Death say, 'Only a rumor of it has reached
our ears.' 23 God understands the way to it and
he alone knows where it dwells, 24 for he views
the ends of the earth and sees everything under
the heavens. 25 When he established the force
of the wind and measured out the waters, 26 when
he made a decree for the rain and a path for the
thunderstorm, 27 then he looked at wisdom and
appraised it; he confirmed it and tested it. 28
And he said to man, 'The fear of the Lord—that
is wisdom, and to shun evil is understanding.'
A friend loves at all times, and a brother is
born for adversity.
This proverb mentions the two great relationships:
a) friendship, b) family
18 A man lacking
in judgment strikes hands in pledge and puts up
security for his neighbor.
Living Bible: "It is poor judgment to co-sign a friend's note, to
become responsible for a neighbor's debts"
He who loves a quarrel loves sin; he who builds
a high gate invites destruction.
Living Bible: "Anyone who loves to quarrel
loves sin; anyone who speaks boastfully[a] invites
[a] "Speaks boastfully" is "who
builds up defenses". The Hebrew reads "who
makes a high gate".
A person who loves to quarrel also loves sin.
The "high gate" is used to keep people
Quarreling with people is an indication of a sinful
man on the road to destruction.
So, also, keeping people out and being unsocial
will destroy a person.
"destruction" could be translated "broken
"building a high gate" may refer to
"keeping people out".
There is no reason it must be interpreted to mean
20 A man of perverse
heart does not prosper; he whose tongue is deceitful
falls into trouble.
21 To have a fool
for a son brings grief; there is no joy for the
father of a fool.
22 A cheerful heart
is good medicine, but a crushed spirit dries up
Living Bible: "A cheerful heart is good medicine, but a broken
spirit saps a person's strength."
A wicked man accepts a bribe in secret to pervert
the course of justice.
a bribe is evil because it has perverted justice.
A discerning man keeps wisdom in view, but a fool's
eyes wander to the ends of the earth.
The wiseman knows where wisdom is and stays focused.
The fool does not understand wisdom and ends up
looking in all the wrong places for it
This literally says that wisdom is "straight
in front of" the discerning man.
This means a) he sets his face towards wisdom.
b) he can not miss it.
25 A foolish son
brings grief to his father and bitterness to the
one who bore him.
It is not good to punish an innocent man, or to
flog officials for their integrity.
Living Bible: "It is wrong to fine the godly
for being good or to punish nobles for being honest!"
A man of knowledge uses words with restraint,
and a man of understanding is even-tempered.
The wise use words with restraint.
"even tempered" is literally in the
Hebrew "cool of spirit".
This personcalmly considers and thinks about what
Even a fool is thought wise if he keeps silent,
and discerning if he holds his tongue.
Living Bible: "Even fools are thought to
be wise when they keep silent; when they keep
their mouths shut, they seem intelligent."
This is the starting place for overcoming foolishness.
Once a fool can keep his mouth shut he is no longer
a complete fool.