The High Priests from Joshua's
A list of the High Priest's Genealogy is found in First Chronicles 6.
From Solomon to the exile there were 17 high priests according to Josephus
(or, 19 according to another source.
521-490 - Joshua - the high priest while Zerrubbabel was governor. Zechariah spoke of him in his visions. Discussed in the book of Ezra
490-470 - Joiakim - the high priest when Ezra read the law and signs the covenant with God in Nehemiah
470-433 - Eliashib
- was closely associated with Tobiah, the
433-410 - Joiada
- One of his sons, Manasseh, married Nicaso, the daughter of Sanballat,
410-371 - Jonathan - (Johanan) - a wicked man. He murdered his brother, Jesus, in the temple precincts to secure his position as high priest. Artaxerxes II's general, Bagoses, had promised the high priesthood to Jesus who fought Jonathan in the temple but was killed. General Bagoses forbid Johanan to enter the temple and commanded the Jews be charged a tribute and the temple dismantled. Another brother, Manasseh, built the Samaritan temple.
371-320 - Jaddua
- Neh. 12:11, 22, the last high priest mentioned in the Old Testament. Served
the Persians during their declining years. When Alexander had defeated
320-280 - Onias I - (son of Jaddua)
280-260 - Simon I "the Just" - (son of Onias I) - described as "the sun shining upon the temple". President of Sanhedrin, first great rabbi. His teaching are in the Mishna. Turned people away from Greek culture.
260-245 - Eleazar (son of Onias I) - requested that the Hebrew scriptures be translated into Greek which produced the Septuagint (LXX)
245-240 - Manasseh (son of Jaddua)
240-218 - Onias II (son of Simon I) - called "a man of little soul" by Josephus. Also described as covetous with limited intelligence. Did not pay Ptolemy III the yearly tribute for years which resulted in Ptolemy sending an official to collect the money. Onias' nephew, Joseph, son of Tobias , became the first tax collector in 227 BC.
218-185 - Simon II - Two parties developed in his time. Pharisees who held to the traditions of the Jews and the Hellenizers who embraced Greek culture.
185-175 - Onias III (son of Simon II) - A very good high priest. Arrested by Antiochus IV Epiphanes and replaced with Onias III's brother Joshua, who took the Greek name Jason. Murdered by Antiochus Ephiphanes while he was held in prison.
175-172 - Jason
(son of Simon II) - Jason offered to pay Antiochus Ephiphanes for the high
priestly position. Jason promised to build a gymnasium and turn
172-162 - Menelaus
- from the tribe of Benjamin. He purchased the high priesthood from Antiochus
IV Ephiphanes. He was the brother of Simeon the Benjamanite who had turned in
Onias III to Antiochus Ephiphanes and revealed to him the existence of the
treasure in the
162-159 - Alcimus
- Secured the high priest position when he went to
159-153 - _?????__
- Some scholars believe this high priest was the person known among the Essenes
as The Teacher of Righteousness. He would have then left
153-143 - Jonathan Maccabeus Apphus -
142-134 - Simeon Maccabeus Tassi -
134-104 - John Hyrcanus I (son of Simeon Maccabeus) -
104-103 - Aristobulus I (son of John, grandson of the Maccabees) -
103 - 76 - Alexander Jannaeus (son of John, granson of the Maccabees) -
76 - 66 - John Hyrcanus II (son of Alexander, great-grandson of Maccabees) -
66 - 63 - Aristobulus II (son of Alexander, great-grandson of Maccabees) -
63 - 40 - John Hyrcanus II - restored to high priest position
40 - 37 - Antigonus (son of Aristobulus, great-great-grandson of Maccabees, 5th generation from Maccabean brothers)
36 - Aristobulus III (6th generation, son of Aristobulus II) - The last of the Hasmoneans; the brother of Mariamme who was one of Herod's wives.
36 - 30 - Ananelus -
30 - 23 - Joshua Ben Fabus -
23 - 4 - Simon Ben Boethus -
4 - Joazar Ben Boethus -
4 - 3 - Eleazar Ben Boethus -
3 BC-6AD - Joshua Ben Sie -
6 - 15 - Ananus Ben Seth -
15 - 16 - Ishmael Ben Fabus -
16 - 17 - Eleazer Ben Ananus -
17 - 18 - Simon Ben Camithus -
18 - 36 - Joseph Caiaphus -