Rotherhams: But faith is, of things hoped for, a confidence, of facts, a conviction, when they are not seen;
NASB: Now faith is the assurance of things hoped for, the conviction of things not seen.
King James: Now faith is the substance of things hoped for, the evidence of things not seen.
Young: And faith is of things hoped for a confidence, of matters not seen a conviction,
Darby: Now faith is [the] substantiating of things hoped for, [the] conviction of things not seen.
“By Grace” because works will never be good enough for any one.
“Abraham’s offsprings” include two groups:
Romans 4:17-22 Explains the Principle of Faith
1) Abraham received God’s word in verses 17-18.
2) Abraham believed God’s word in verses 19-20.
3) Abraham received the benefit of his faith in verses 21-22.
Romans 4:23-25 Applies the Principle of Faith to Us Today
1) God’s reason for working with Abraham is the same reason he will work with us: to Credit Righteousness (verses 4:23-24)
2) God’s method with Abraham is the same method he will use for us. Abraham believed God could bring to life that which was dead (4:19) We must believe that God brought Jesus back from the dead (verse 4:24)
b. Romans 10:9 says, “That if you confess with your mouth, ‘Jesus is Lord,’ and believe in your heart that God raised him from the dead, you will be saved.”
3) God’s principle for being able to justify us and credit us with righteousness is found in 4:25:
a. Christ was delivered for our sins
b. Christ was raised for our justification
“Father of many nations” connects Abraham as the spiritual father of many people in many nations
“Calls things that are not as though they were”
4:18 – deals with Abraham believing the promise of the spiritual seed from all nations
“against hope” could be translated “beyond hope”
Abraham went beyond the five senses & went with the 6th senses of God’s word.
4:19 – Concerns the birth of Isaac
Abraham did not loose faith when he saw his body as old because he also saw the promise of God by faith.
This is easy to understand how this is possible when you consider faith as one of the senses.
If you are in your yard eating an apple that you can see, touch and taste but you smell mowed grass you do not think you are eating grass. The three senses over rule the fourth. Faith is a sense that overrules the first five. They are still true but there is something else to consider.