Romans 1:18 apokaluptetai THERE IS REVEALED gar FOR orgh WRATH
OF GOD ap FROM ouranou HEAVEN epi UPON pasan ALL
asebeian UNGODLINESS kai AND adikian UNRIGHTEOUSNESS anqrwpwn OF MEN
twn WHO thn THE alhqeian TRUTH en IN adikia UNRIGHTEOUSNESS katecontwn HOLD
Before Paul continues with the discussion of the Gospel he presents
the world’s need for the gospel.
Part of presenting the gospel is presenting the need for the gospel.
Without a knowledge of holiness of God men will live in their darkness without knowledge of their darkness.
In 1:17 the righteousness of God was revealed.
Here in 1:18 the wrath of God is being revealed
God has revealed his righteousness through acts and words in history.
Yet God’s full manifestation of righteousness has not been
seen. When he returns
he will reveal his righteousness and it will have an effect.
Even today we can respond to the righteousness of God already revealed.
Today God reveals righteousness for us to respond to.
This is also true of God’s wrath.
God has and is revealing his wrath against sin in history.
He will continue to reveal his wrath until it ultimately and finally is revealed in the end upon his return.
God’s judgment in history as time progresses not only
includes his active participation but more so
as described in these verses “paradidonai” – “to give over” (1:24)
“From Heaven” - ap ouranou
There is a “wrath” that is built into the creation. When you live in rebellion to the laws
that God has established things naturally punish us.
Here the wrath is described as being directly from heaven. This speaks of a wrath that is
by God’s direct intervention.
The object of this divine wrath is:
1) all the godlessness or men – this is discussed in 1:19-27
2) all the wickedness of men – this is developed in 28-32
“Godlessness” – means not having fear or reverence for God.
a) It places man’s views and values in contrast with God’s plans and purposes.
b) This can not only be passive neglect but must manifest as open rebellion.
c) This is an attitude and an act towards God.
“Wickedness” – is injustice and is expressed in the way men treat each other
a) This is an attitude and an act toward mankind.
From the giving of the Law of Moses through Jesus teaching these are the focus of right living:
1) Fear God
2) Kindness to Men
Which is the greatest command? (Matthew 22:36)
‘Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all
your mind.’ This is the first and greatest commandment. And the second is like
it: ‘Love your neighbor as yourself.’ All the Law and the Prophets hang on these
#1 – Deuteronomy 6:5
(Dt. 6:12 – “. . .do not forget the Lord. . .”
#2 – Leviticus 19:18
19:1-19 – “respect . . .leave them for the poor. . .do not steal. . .do not
. do not defraud. . .do not hold back wages. . .do not curse the deaf. . .do not
justice. . . judge fairly. . . do not spread slander. . .do not endanger your
neighbor. . .do not hate. . . rebuke frankly. . . do not seek revenge. . . do not bear
a grudge. . .”)
Prophets brought the same message of fearing the Lord and performing social justice.
Immorality in life is a result in the corruption and lack of doctrine.
“The truth in unrighteousness hold” thn alhqeian en adikia katecontwn
Suppression of the truth shows that they have knowledge of the truth.
This will be explained next in 1:19.
a) Absolute and independent on people’s support
b) Will result in action and lifestyle when believed.
c) To suppress the truth will result in false (wrong) actions
Romans 1:19 dioti BECAUSE to THAT gnwston WHICH IS KNOWN tou OF
GOD faneron MANIFEST estin IS en AMONG
autoiV o THEM
gar FOR qeoV GOD autoiV TO THEM efanerwsen MANIFESTED IT
a) men suppress the truth through unrighteous thoughts and unrighteous actions
b) people who suffer God’s wrath are responsible for the wrath they receive
Four basic arguments for the absolute need for God to exist:
1) Since there is a universe it had to have a creator.
2) You can not have a watch without a watch maker
3) Paul uses this in Romans 1:19-20
4) Plato developed this as the immovable mover.
5) Follow the Kalam Cosmological Argument
b) Design– all design implies a creator
c) Moral law–
describes what ought to be seen among men but is not always there. It is
a standard of behavior that exists because of God.
d) Being– The human
concept of perfection exists, yet it is not seen in creation. Since
we strive for perfection in all areas but have never seen it then perfection must
exist. The concept of God encompasses the concept of perfection.
Romans 1:20 ta gar FOR THE aorata INVISIBLE THINGS autou OF HIM
apo FROM ktisewV EATION
OF THE WORLD toiV BY
THINGS MADE nooumena BOTH
kaqoratai h te ETERNAL aidioV autou HIS dunamiV POWER kai AND
qeiothV DIVINITY eiV to FOR einai TO BE autouV THEM anapologhtouV WITHOUT EXCUSE
God’s invisible qualities have been revealed through the
physical world. This way
natural man can understand qualities of the immortal God.
His invisible attributes are summed up in two phrases:
a) “his eternal power” – he is divine, he is beyond our universe, he is the creator, he is the judge, he is the alpha and the omega
b) “his divine nature” – his character of righteousness, holiness, justice, love are all revealed in the creation.
Romans 1:21 dioti BECAUSE gnonteV ton HAVING KNOWN qeon GOD
NOT wV AS qeon GOD
edoxasan THE GLORIFIED HIM h OR
eucaristhsan WERE THANKFUL all BUT
emataiwqhsan BECAME VAIN en IN toiV THEIR
dialogismoiV autwn REASONINGS kai AND
eskotisqh h WAS DARKENED THE
asunetoV WITHOUT UNDERSTANDING autwn OF THEM kardia HEART
“having known” in the sense of general revelation
We are not talking about a saving knowledge and other information that is attained by special revelation through the word of God and its understanding the empowerment of the Spirit
Section One 1:18-20 – God’s existence, his righteousness and his wrath have and are revealed.
Section Two 1:21-31 – Describes how people suppress and exchange God’s revelation of existence, his righteousness and his wrath (judgment)
People “exchange” the truth for idols
God “hands them over”
People “exchange” the truth for a lie
God “hands them over”
People “exchange” natural sexual practices for unnatural
God “hands them over”
Section Three 1:32 - Combines 1:18-20 with 21-31 to form the conclusion:
· They know requirements
· They know the penalty
· They continue to sin
· They approve of those who join with them