ellhsin BOTH TO te GREEKS kai AND
barbaroiV BARBARIANS sofoiV BOTH TO te WISE
kai AND anohtoiV UNINTELLIGENT,
ofeilethV A DEBTOR eimi I AM
From the garden of Eden the gospel was for everyone:
Peter says at Cornelius’s, “I now realize how true it I s that God does not show favoritism but accepts men from every nation who fear him” (Acts 10:34,35)
Jesus plan was that through the church that the whole world would hear the gospel: “You will receive power when the Holy Spirit comes on you;
will be my witnesses in
Paul clarifies himself with the next statement.
In the world of this day the Greek language and the Greek culture had access to all of the historical, scientific, poetic, philosophical and drama of the past.
Anyone outside the Greek culture or without the Greek language would not be considered educated or exposed to knowledge.
Even the Romans themselves had to have a Greek education.
Paul understood the gospel was for the very educated Greeks or for the uneducated barbarians.
From the universities to the streets Paul would take the gospel.
In the church of Rome there were:
a) Greeks and Barbarians
b) Wise and Unintelligent
“Debtor” or “I am obligated”
Paul owed them nothing personally. But, because of his coming to Christ and being placed in the body of Christ, Paul has been given an obligation. If he is going to do what he is suppose to do as a member of the church he is in debt with no way to get out but to continue to go to the world with the gospel.
1 Corinthians 9:16-17
"Yet (Greek: ean gar "For If") when I preach the gospel, I cannot boast, for I am compelled to preach. Woe to me if I do not preach the gospel! If (ei 1st class condition) I preach voluntarily, I have a reward; if not voluntarily, I am simply discharging the trust committed to me."
ean gar FOR IF euaggelizwmai I ANNOUNCE THE GLAD TIDINGS ouk estin THERE IS NOT moi TO ME kauchma BOASTING anagkh gar FOR NECESSITY moi ME epikeitai IS LAID UPON ouai deWOE BUT moi TO ME estin IT IS ean IF mh euaggelizwmai I SHOULD NOT ANNOUNCE THE GLAD TIDINGS.
There were times Paul did the ministry when he liked doing it. But, like everything in life there where times he did not want to do it. Paul didn’t quit the ministry because he knew it was his obligation. It was not like going to work on a Monday. We go to work for a pay check. Paul went to the ministry because it was his fulfilling the obligation God had given him.
Glamour, wealth, power, pride can all corrupt the true motivation for the ministry.
Paul had an obligation to the Romans who wanted to hear the gospel just like anyone would have an obligation if they saw someone in a wreck or saw a house on fire. They needed to hear the truth.
a) Some people will ask for it. So you stop and help.
b) Some people don’t ask. They don’t know their house is on fire. So do you stop and help or do you figure they would ask for help if they wanted?
Four Classes of “If” in Greek:
1st – If and it is true “If you are the Son of God. . .” (Mt. 4:3)
2nd – If and it is not true “When the Pharisee who had invited him saw this, he said to himself, ‘If this man were a prophet, . . .”(Lk.7:39)
3rd – If and I don’t know “All this I will give you. . .if you will bow down and worship me.” (Mt. 4:9)
4th – If and I wish it were, but it is not “If you are the Christ, tell us.” (Luke 22:67)
outwV SO to AS kat TO eme ME
proqumon THERE IS READINESS kai ALSO umin TO YOU toiV WHO ARE en IN rwmh ROME
euaggelisasqai TO ANNOUNCE THE GLAD TIDINGS.
proqumon means “ready, willing eager.”
Concerning this "obligation" to preach the gospel, Paul says he was ready and eager to go to the Romans. It was more than an obligation for him to speak to the Romans.
It was a privilege. It was a great opportunity. He wanted to do it.
read earlier that he was determined to speak in
ou FOR gar I AM
epaiscunomai NOT ASHAMED OF
to THE euaggelion GLAD TIDINGS
tou OF THE cristou CHRIST dunamiV POWER
gar FOR qeou OF GOD estin IT IS eiV UNTO swthrian SALVATION panti TO EVERY ONE tw THAT
pisteuonti BELIEVES, ioudaiw BOTH TO te JEW prwton FIRST kai AND ellhni TO GREEK
Paul is confident and not hiding his readiness to preach the gospel because of what the gospel because of what it is.
This is a literary way of saying, "I have complete confidence in the gospel."
His desires and the purpose he lives for will not disappoint or embarrass him in the end.
The gospel is not:
a) an illusion
b) an unworthy cause
c) without effect in time nor in eternity
d) a false hope
e) false guarantee
f) weak or powerless
g) unable to stand against the world’s religions and philosophies.
dunamiV “dynamis” “power”
· where we get our word dynamite
· The use of “dnamis” here does not describe how the gospel works. It does not blow things up, explode to clear away sin, blast other religions out of the way. Paul does not say the gospel is dynamite.
· The emphasis is on the intrinsic effect of the gospel in a persons heart.
· The gospel has “power”
· The verse tells what that power involves. It is:
i. The power of God
ii. For salvation of those who believe it
People want to change, improve, have it better and have more of it.
The gospel is the power of God to:
Man cannot change the things that the gospel can change.
Man cannot change his nature.
Man cannot be empowered by the Holy Spirit.
Man cannot understand God, nor God's plan.
Man cannot secure his eternity.
. . .the list goes on and on. . .
But, the gospel can do all of these things right now, right here today for anyone who believes.
Today unbelievers place Christianity in the same category of powerless and dead religions. Religions that are based on man's power, man's intelligence, man's ability.
Naturally, unbelievers mock Christianity as being useless.
The message of Christianity is the power of God to change everything.
Saved to something.
Saved from something.
This salvation is both temporal and eschatological.
“Everyone who believes”
Belief is best compared to seeing or looking.
Consider Moses’ bronze serpent.
Consider Jesus discussion with Nicodemus.
“All who Believe”
“First for the Jews”
The Jews clearly are a priority in God’s plan.
dikaiosunh RIGHTEOUSNESS gar FOR qeou OF GOD
en IN autw IT apokaluptetai IS REVEALED ek BY pistewV FAITH eiV TO pistin FAITH;
kaqwV ACCORDING AS gegraptai IT HAS BEEN WRITTEN, o BUT de THE dikaioV JUST ek BY
pistewV FAITH zhsetai SHALL LIVE.
This could mean:
a) “the righteous standing which God gives”
b) “the righteous character which God is”
c) “the righteous activity which comes from God”
The phrase "righteousness of God" is used 8x in Romans and only 1x elsewhere (2 Cor. 5:21)
“ek” could mean “out of” which would make faith the source of salvation.
"Revealed" - to uncover
The gospel brings this salvation into existence for those who believe.
It does more than just explain it to us.
See the use of "reveal" in 1:18 and 3:21