Revelation 21:1-8

Here is A Wrong Interpretation: "This chapter contains an account of the happy state of the church, consisting of all the elect, both Jews and

Gentiles, which will take place upon the first resurrection, and will continue during the thousand years' reign mentioned in the preceding chapter.

The seat of the church in these happy times will be the new heaven and the new earth . . ."

Some interpreters understand this new earth and new heaven as a picture of the church age.

21:1: I saw a new heaven and a new earth: for the first heaven and the first earth have passed away, and the sea is no more.

Sin corrupted man and his environment (created world). So God makes a new one out of nothing (ex nihilo) Isa. 65:17;

Isa. 66:22; Ps. 102:25-26; Isa. 51:6 2 Peter 3:13

Isaiah speaks of both the millennium and the new earth together just like the OT prophets spoke about the first and second coming of Christ together.

It was not until further revelation that we see clearly that there will be two comings.

God often reveals a thing first generally and then later more specifically.

Example of combining the first and second coming of Christ: Isaiah 61:1-2 Luke 4:17-19 2 Peter 3:10-13 combines the tribulation, millennium and new

earth Isaiah was being general. John was being specific.

Heaven is the atmosphere or the universe and does not refer to the abode of God.

The millennium will have death (Is.65:17-20), the moon (Isa. 66:22-23) and seas (Ps. 72:8; Jer. 11:9, 11; Ez.47:8-20; 48:28).

The new earth will have no death (Rv. 21:4), no moon (Rv.21:23), and no seas.

There are seven evils that will not exist in the new earth:

1) death 2) mourning 3) weeping 4) pain 5) night 6) the curse 7) the sea - since the first six are literally understood we should understand the

sea as being literal.

The sea affects the atmosphere, weather, transportation, communication and has been the source of much disaster and death on the earth.

The sea is also used to purify the earth. In the New Earth there will be no need for purification

This is not saying there will be no water in the new earth. No death does not mean there will not be harvest.

No pain does not mean there will be no feelings. No weeping does not mean no emotions.

No night does not mean there will be no change of lighting or even shadows.

With out sea the earth will be different since 3/4 of the earth is sea today.

21:2: I saw the holy city, New Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God, made ready like a bride adorned for her husband.

This holy city is the new capital of the new earth. The old Jerusalem was used by Jesus to reign in the millennium.

Many people try to read the imagery of the church as the bride into this verse.

This is not necessary nor does it make any sense if we are force to do that.

The New Jerusalem is clearly a city and it is like a bride adorned for her husband.

The imagery is the adorning of the city from heaven not in the relationship between a husband and wife.

This is clearly the beginning of a description of a city that is beyond human speech. John will continue to describe this city,

but his words slip quickly into figures of speech to describe something that is impossible for us at this time to describe.

The glory of the city surpasses language. Both Israel in the OT (Isa. 62:5; Jer. 2:2; 3:20; Ezek. 16:8; Hos. 2:19-20) and the Church in the NT

are described as brides for the Lord. The city of New Jerusalem will be the home of both of these brides.

Does this new city come down to the new earth or is the new city another description of the new earth?

Meaning is the New Jerusalem another image of the New Heavens and New Earth?

Read the text. It does not say the city came down to the earth but instead it says "coming down out of heaven."

Revelation 3:12, "Him who overcomes I will make a pillar in the temple of my God. Never again will he leave it. I will write on him the name

of my God and the name of the city of my God, the new Jerusalem, which is coming down outof heaven from my God."

21:3: I heard a loud voice out of heaven saying, "Behold, God's dwelling is with people, and he will dwell with them, and they will be

his people, and God himself will be with them as their God.

21:4: He will wipe away from them every tear from their eyes. Death will be no more; neither will there be mourning, nor crying,

nor pain, any more. The first things have passed away."

21:5: He who sits on the throne said, "Behold, I am making all things new." He said, "Write, for these words of God are faithful and true."

21:6: He said to me, "It is done! I am the Alpha and the Omega, the Beginning and the End. I will give freely to him who is thirsty from

the spring of the water of life.

21:7: He who overcomes, I will give him these things. I will be his God, and he will be my son.

21:8: But for the cowardly, unbelieving, sinners, abominable, murderers, sexually immoral, sorcerers,{The word for "sorcerers" here also includes

users of potions and drugs.} idolaters, and all liars, their part is in the lake that burns with fire and sulfur, which is the second death."

21:9: One of the seven angels who had the seven bowls, who were loaded with the seven last plagues came, and he spoke with me, saying,

"Come here. I will show you the wife, the Lamb's bride."

21:10: He carried me away in the Spirit to a great and high mountain, and showed me the holy city, Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God, 21:11: having the glory of God. Her light was like a most precious stone, as if it was a jasper stone, clear as crystal; 21:12: having a great and high wall; having twelve gates, and at the gates twelve angels; and names written on them, which are the names of the twelve tribes of the children of Israel. 21:13: On the east were three gates; and on the north three gates; and on the south three gates; and on the west three gates. 21:14: The wall of the city had twelve foundations, and on them twelve names of the twelve Apostles of the Lamb. 21:15: He who spoke with me had for a measure, a golden reed, to measure the city, its gates, and its walls. 21:16: The city lies foursquare, and its length is as great as its breadth. He measured the city with the reed, Twelve thousand twelve stadia{12,012 stadia = or 2,221 kilometers or 1,380 miles. TR reads 12,000 stadia instead of 12,012 stadia.}. Its length, breadth, and height are equal. 21:17: Its wall is one hundred forty-four cubits,{144 cubits is about 65.8 meters or 216 feet} by the measure of a man, that is, of an angel. 21:18: The construction of its wall was jasper. The city was pure gold, like pure glass. 21:19: The foundations of the city's wall were adorned with all kinds of precious stones. The first foundation was jasper; the second, sapphire{or, lapis lazuli}; the third, chalcedony; the fourth, emerald; 21:20: the fifth, sardonyx; the sixth, sardius; the seventh, chrysolite; the eighth, beryl; the ninth, topaz; the tenth, chrysoprasus; the eleventh, jacinth; and the twelfth, amethyst. 21:21: The twelve gates were twelve pearls. Each one of the gates was made of one pearl. The street of the city was pure gold, like transparent glass. 21:22: I saw no temple in it, for the Lord God, the Almighty, and the Lamb, are its temple. 21:23: The city has no need for the sun, neither of the moon, to shine, for the very glory of God illuminated it, and its lamp is the Lamb. 21:24: The nations will walk in its light. The kings of the earth bring the glory and honor of the nations into it. 21:25: Its gates will in no way be shut by day (for there will be no night there), 21:26: and they shall bring the glory and the honor of the nations into it so that they may enter. 21:27: There will in no way enter into it anything profane, or one who causes an abomination or a lie, but only those who are written in the Lamb's book of life.