Chapter 61 and 62 describe the people of God whom the Servant/Messiah has delivered.
They will be righteous, powerful, prosperous and generally blessed.
In Chapter 61 we read that:
1) The servant of the Lord (61:1-3) will give his people (61:3)
a. Crown of beauty
b. Oil of gladness
c. Garment of praise
d. They will be called oaks of righteousness, they were planted by the Lord.
2) These people will rebuild the ancient ruins (61:4)
will work for
will acknowledge that
a. Clothe them with salvation
b. Dressed them in a robe of righteousness
c. Adorned like a bride or groom
10) The LORD will make righteousness and praise spring up as surely as seeds grow in the ground season after season.
Nations will see that God has not
Nations will not take the wealth from
Isaiah will not quite speaking words of truth and faith
until they take root in the soul of
the things in chapter 61 are fulfilled.
Since this follows 61:11 the thought is that since a farmer
plants seeds knowing they will grow
then the farmer will keep planting seeds until he gets the harvest he wants.
So here with Isaiah.
Isaiah will continue to speak the seed of the Word of God to those who
hear until the fruit of righteousness and salvation clearly appear like the blazing sun.
The mention of a new name indicates a change of character.
That new name indicates the new production of righteousness.
Notice here again that this new name, like the new nature, comes from God.
This new name is a not announced here so that the descriptions of the new people may continue.
The new name may be a mystery or Isaiah may wait until 62:12 to reveal it.
1) Crown in LORD’s hand
b. In 28:5 the LORD and only the LORD is the “crown of glory”
c. Why is the crown not on God’s head?
i. Is this a mixed metaphor of a “crown of glory” with the “hand of protection”?
ii. Is the crown going to be placed on someone else’s head.
iii. The Lord already has a crown on his head?
2) Diadem in God’s hand
Here again we see the exchanging of the dismal past for the glorious future:
1) 60:17 – instead of bronze gold, . . .etc.
2) 61:3 - a crown of beauty instead of ashes. . . .etc.
3) 62:4 – Instead of Deserted or Desolate they will be called Hephzibah and Beulah
No longer called:
1) Hephzibah = “my delight is in her”
2) Beulah = “married”
Hebrew “chaphets” it means “to find pleasure in, to take
delight in, to be pleased with, to have affection for.
To feel strong positive attraction for. This word includes emotion and involvement. It means to like someone or something very, very much.
“married” is Hebrew
“b’l” (“ba” = “all” , “al” = “man”) the basic meaning of the word is “to
This word is stressing a relationship and not a married condition or state. This city will not only be lived in again they will be
living in a right relationship with God. They are at the right place, doing the right thing at the right time.
Isaiah 54:5 – your maker is your husband
“watchmen” in Ezekiel are the prophets warning the people
“watchmen” in Isaiah 21:11 is the prophet Isaiah revealing God’s plans and future events
“watchmen” in Isaiah 52:8 are men stationed on the wall looking for information of the battle
These “watchmen” have the task of reminded the Lord of his plan.
Herodotus reports that the Persian
king Darius, after he had crushed the revolt in Ionia, kept the flames of war alive in
his mind by ordering a servant to whisper three times to him every day, “Master, remember the Athenians.”
The “watchmen” here could be angels in the presence of God
who have the job of reminding God of his promises.
Isaiah may have revealed this information so that during the years of desolation
forget these promises because he has stationed angelic creatures to constantly remind him until he does it.
The kings of
This word is translated in English Bibles as “secretary” or “recorder” (2 Sam. 18:6; 1 Kings 4:3; Isaiah 36:3;
The curses of the covenant can never apply again.
They have entered into the new covenant.
They have entered into the “everlasting covenant” of 61:8.
Paul says in Galatians, “Christ redeemed us from the curse of the Law by becoming a curse for us, for it is written:
‘Cursed is everyone who is hung on a tree.’ He redeemed us inorder that the blessing
given to Abraham might come to the
Gentiles through Christ Jesus, so that by faith we might receive the promise of the Spirit.” (Galatians 3:13-14)
Notice the covenant language at the beginning of the verse: “The LORD has sworn by his right hand and by his mighty arm. . .”
“Sworn by his right hand and by his mighty arm” means what?
a) arm is strength – God has sworn by his own omnipotent strength
of the Lord” in Isaiah 53:1 and Isaiah 63:5 indicates this is the work of the
God is promising based on the work and covenant established by Jesus.
Since the promises of chapter 61 and 62 are true and
guaranteed, what should
“Pass through the gates” means to believe the promises and take action.
What will the action look like?
Preparing for the day when the nations come to see the Lord
Isaiah and the Highway Image
7:3 and 36:2
33:8 and 59:7
11:16; 35:8; 49:11
The ends of the earth of the Gentile nations are to say to
The imagery is as if the Gentile nations know it first and
The Gentile nations are already coming to