This chapter follows the completed work of the Servant in Isaiah 53.
We know the work of the Servant was complete because:
1) He was restored (53:10, 11)
2) He was rewarded (53;10, 11)
3) He died (53:5, 8, 12), but lived again to see the fruit of his work (53:11, 10)
4) He is called a guilt offering (53:10) which is a completed work of restitution and forgiveness.
The results of the Servants work included:
1) transgressions removed (53:8)
2) final guilt offering made (53:10)
3) offspring from the Servant after his death (53:8, 10)
4) prolonged days or life (53:10)
5) the Lord’s will prospers and is fulfilled (53:10)
6) resurrection (53:11)
7) work of servant fulfilled (53:11)
8) sinners who where guilty before God are now justified (53:11)
9) portion given to the justified sinners (53:12)
10) division of the spoils won by the Servant’s victory
Isaiah 54 is the invitation and rejoicing that are the obvious result of 52:13-53:12.
The work was done by the Servant.
The only thing left is for the response from the sinners who’s transgressions have been removed.
Chapter 54 and 55 are a call to respond and receive what the servant has done.
1) 54:1 – “Sing , O barren woman, . . .
2) 55:1 – “Come, all you who are thirsty, come to the waters; and you who have no money, come , buy and eat!”
Isaiah 54 is faithful God offering restoration back to
It is the picture of a faithful husband forgiving and restoring an unfaithful wife.
The Three Opening Commands:
1) Sing (54:1)
2) Enlarge your tent (54:2)
3) Do not be afraid (54:4)
These three imperatives are all followed by the causal particle translated as “for”.
God (the faithful husband)
This chapter is not about material things (for example, the
This chapter is about being restored to correct relationship with God.
“Sing, . . .” this is the proper response to the Servants successful work of ch. 53.
The Servant’s work is the basis for
Childlessness was a shame and disgrace.
This promise says that
Paul uses this verse in Galatians 4:27 to speak of the
This was used to compare those born under the law and those born of the Spirit.
“Enlarge the place of your tent” echoes of the Lord’s promise to Abraham that his descendents would be as
numerous as the stars and the sand.
A larger family would require a large tent with stronger support.
Women would set up the tents of the nomadic people. (Thus, Jael and the tent peg that killed Sisera in Judges 4:22)
“Dispossess nations and settle in their desolate cities” is
a phrase used only in Deuteronomy when
taking the Promised Land (Dt. 9:1; 11:23; 12:2; 31:3)
“Shame” and “Disgrace” and “Humiliation” are all fears of people when their weakness or failures are discovered and exposed.
(Luke 1:25, “ ‘The Lord has done this for me,’ she said. ‘In these days he has shown his favor and
taken away my disgrace among the people.’ ”)
Also: 1 Samuel 1:6; Genesis 16:4)
(Jeremiah 2:2, “ ‘I remember the devotion of your youth, how as a bride you loved me and followed
me through the desert, through a land not
Five Descriptive Titles for the one who is their faithful husband who loves them:
2) LORD Almighty
3) Holy One of Israel (transcendent yet immanent)
5) God of all the earth
Since God is
In Jeremiah 31:31-34 God is also referred to as
There it is the context of the New Covenant (31:31) and writing his law on their hearts (31:33).
54:6-8 Reference to the Babylonian captivity and Ultimate Restoration in the Future
Genesis 8:22 and 9:11-17, Promise never to destroy the earth with a flood.
This would be a permanent restoration.
“Unfailing Love” is the Hebrew word “hesed” which means “the love that is unswervingly loyal to a covenant”
“Hesed” is “the unfailing love that is ever loyal to its pledge, love as a settled disposition.” (motyer)
“Covenant of Peace” (Ezekiel 34:25-31) appears to refer to the age of the kingdom.
“Peace” is “shalom” and means “wholeness.” Shalom describes the condition a person is in when they have the correct relationship with God.
(Amillennialists believe church will fulfill this covenant in the church age
Premillennialist believe the church will fulfill all of God’s covenants to
Premillennialilst believe that
“O afflicted city, lashed with storms” could be “poverty-stricken, storm-tossed”
Though verses 11 and 12 speak of buildings and stones, we see in verses
13, 14 these are imagery for the sons of
The work of the Servant was to restore people to God.
Although the work of
Cyrus the servant of the Lord was to restore
Notice the relationship with God results in the people becoming righteous like him.
The people do not loose their identity by coming into God here but God comes into them.
God the Protector
In 10:5-12 God is
the destroyer through the hands of the Assyrians. Even saying in
Isaiah 10:12, “When the Lord has finished all his work against
Here though, God is
no longer sending armies against
Physical attacks and verbal slander will be thwarted by God.