The Servant Songs in Isaiah
a) 42:1-4 (42:5-9)
b) 49:1-6 (49:7-13)
c) 50:4-9 (50:10-11)
d) 52:13-53:12 (54-55)
“See, they are all false!” speaks of the idols.
The verse actually begins with the word “Behold!” and then
describes the idols (philosophies and values of the world).
Idols are said to be false, amount to nothing, images, wind and confusion.
Chapter 42: 1 begins also in the Hebrew with “Behold!” but this time “Behold the Servant of God” and his philosophy, values and justice.
The nations are to make a comparison of the Servant of God and his ways with the idols of the world and their ways.
42:1-4 The Description of the Servant of Yahweh and of His Word
The servant of God is brought to the nations attention instead of the idols in ch. 41.
These descriptions of the servant of God can be applied to these classes of servants:
They describe the perfect servant of the Lord
whoever that would be (
b) They obviously where fulfilled by Jesus Christ since he himself is the perfect man and perfect God. Naturally, he would be the perfect servant.
c) They are the goal of any person wanting to serve God. These attitudes are a model of what we are to strive for today in our service to God
d) In a more limited sense, Cyrus the Great and other national leaders that God uses to form history.
Malachi 2:17-3:5 – The people ask “Where is the
God of justice?” God replies he was
sending a messenger and then himself.
In verse 3:5 the Lord lists the social disorder he will correct when he returns: “sorcerers, adulterers, perjurers, defraud laborers,
oppress widows and orphans, deprive aliens of justice.”
(Remember God has a standard for citizenship in
i. It cannot just be spiritual order or spiritual justice without affecting the physical.
ii. A servant today can only manifest this in physical ways.
i. Understanding of God’s will
ii. Trust in God’s ways
iii. Gradual movement towards a goal
iv. The presence of the Holy Spirit in a persons life
The Results of the Servant of The Lord:
God now speaks directly to his servant.
God is described as:
a) created the heavens
b) created the earth
c) created all that is in the earth
d) gives people breath (refers to the beginning of our life)
e) gives life to those who walk on the earth (refers to being given daily life)
42:6, 7 Promises to Servant and What God Will Do Through His Servant
God makes promises to his servant(s)
1. Called you in righteousness
2. Take hold of your hand
3. Will keep you
4. Make you:
i. To be a covenant for the people
1. Hebrew “berit ‘am” (literally “a covenant of a people”)
2. The same word is translated “people” in verse 5 and in context refers to humanity
3. It is a parallel with the next phrase “Gentiles” or “nations”
Point: The servant of God will stand in the gap
between God and the people who are in darkness.
Through the servant of the Lord many people will be transferred out of the darkness of the pagan idolatry and worldly philosophies.
5. The messenger of Malachi 3:1 for example is the servant telling people that God has made a way.
6. John 14:6, “I am the way, and the truth, and the life.”
ii. To be a light to the Gentiles
iii. To open eyes that are blind
iv. To free captives from prison
v. To release from the dungeon those who sit in darkness
Only Yahweh can do these things.
None of the idols is worthy of his glory.
In context the old things are the old idols of
The new things are Cyrus who God will use to work his plan in history.
The restoration of
And, ultimately, the coming of the Messiah to shining a
light for both
We now are the servants of God. He has told us of our role, responsibility,
promises, provision and the fruit we will produce.
What we will do is the new things for today.
He told us ahead of time.
We can not forsake our potential or our responsibility.
We stand in line with many who have been titled “the servants of Yahweh.”