48:1, 2 - Hypocrisy
“Listen” is “sama” and is used ten times in 48:1-16.
“Sama” means more than “listen” it also implies that if you hear you will now obey.
If you do not obey you can not say you have really heard the message in any useful way.
For example: “Look out!” or “Get out of the way!” would only be considered to be heard if people responded on time.
The positive side:
a) house of Jacob
d) take oaths in name YWHW
e) citizens of holy city
rely on God of Israel – the Lord Almighty (Lord of
Hosts) is added next to remind
The negative side:
1) Not in Truth -
b. word of God,
c. listen to prophets,
d. world view
2) Not in Righteousness –
a. application of truth,
c. obedience to Word
God foretold them of the coming Babylonian captivity.
The people refused to listen and refused to change their ways.
When these events finally happened they still surprised
48:4 – Stubborn and Refused to See
God knows that
48:5 – Announced in Days of Old
God told them in advance so the Israelites would have to see the connection and give God the credit and the worship.
48:6 – Say “Uncle”
Then he forced
In conclusion of
He is telling
Old and New Information
The Old Information came from the writings of Moses:
15:18-21 (the Abrahamic Covenant) promised the
What they did not know was
a) how they could return or
b) when they would return
48:7 – No One Knew
The answer to these questions would be the new information God was now telling them.
The reason for this was “So you cannot say, ‘Yes, I knew of them.’ ”
48:8 – Deaf Rebels
They had not “heard” the prophecies nor “understood” them when they where fulfilled.
No matter what God does to prove who he is they are “treacherous” and a “rebel”
Obviously, God is not going to deliver them because they are righteous or deserve it.
48:9 – God Does the Work Himself and Does it For Himself
The Babylonian exile would be cut short so God could continue his work in history and so he might prove that he is the God who is in control.
What happened in captivity?
God was not destroying
If there is any improvement for
God works with
48:12 – Listen to Me
God again addresses the nation and tells them to listen to him
He reminds them that he has “called” them.
Everything they are depends on God and his plan for them.
To reject God and ignore his plan makes
48:12, 13 – God Describes Himself for Man
a) I am he
b) I am the first
c) I am the last
d) I laid the foundations of the earth - (this includes not only the physical earth but the principles of wisdom, operation, philosophy and all the spiritual principles.)
e) I spread out the heavens - (the extent of the universe that is beyond man’s mental capacity to understand and his physical capabilities of ever attaining.)
f) I summon them and they all respond - (things beyond man’s mental and physical abilities all obey God!!)
48:14 – The New Information
God will overthrow
God chose him to be an ally
48:15 – Simple Sequence of History
The Simple Sequence for God’s Will to be done:
a) I have spoken
b) I called him
c) I bring him
d) He will succeed in his mission
48:16 – Spoke in Past and Speaks Today
Another invitation to Listen.
God spoke clearly in the past of events that have occurred
God speaks clearly today of events that will yet occur.
a) “Sovereign Lord” - God the Father
b) “sent Me” – God the Son, Messiah (may be Cyrus when he responded the Lord’s will)
c) “with His Spirit” – God the Holy Spirit
48:17 – The Son of
God Has Been Leading
c) Lord your God
d) Teaches what is best
e) Directs you in the way
48:18, 19 – Benefits of Obedience
Paid Attention to the Way, the Truth, and the Life:
a) Peace like a river
b) Righteousness like the waves of the sea
c) Descendants like the sand
d) Children like numberless grains
e) Name never cut off
f) Name never destroyed before God
48:20 – Cyrus’s Edict
2 Chronicles 36:22-23
“The Lord has redeemed his servant Jacob.”
- “redeemed” is “ga’al” and it means “to but out of slavery”.
48:21 – Second Exodus Equal to First Exodus
48:22 – Result of Disobedience
Results of Disobedience to the Way, the Truth and the Life is simple: