Chapter 61 and 62 describe the people of God whom the Servant/Messiah has delivered.
They will be righteous, powerful, prosperous and generally blessed.
61:1-3 begins by detailing the role of the Servant/Messiah has in creating the new righteous character of his people and the environment that they live in.
62:10-12 is a proclamation to all the Israelites scattered in the earth that their Savior comes and they are to enter into this new life.
Declares His Ministry to the People
Promise: Those who receive the grace of God
Promise: Nations will see that God has not
Promise: Nations will not take the wealth from
Proclamation to scattered
Isaiah 11:1-5 Describes this Messiah.
Chapter 60 ended describing the climate and living
Chapter 61 describes who we find in that city: The Servant/Messiah himself
The Spirit of the Sovereign LORD is on me,
When the Spirit is mentioned in Isaiah the Spirit is associated with these things:
Isaiah 11:2 –
· fear of the Lord
Isaiah 32:15-16 –
· desert becomes a fertile field, and then a forest
· justice and righteousness will produce:
o quietness and
Isaiah 42:1 -
· Justice will be brought to the nations
Isaiah 44:3 -
· Descendants will spring up like grass
· Descendants will have the character of God
Isaiah 48:16-17 –
· Teaches you what is best
· Directs you in the way you should go
· His ways provide:
because the LORD has anointed me
The reason for the Spirit being on Him is this anointing.
The only place the anointing and spirit are assosciated in the OT is when a king was being established:
a) Saul 1 Sam. 10
b)David 1 Sam. 16
2 Samuel 23:1-7 David’s last words. Here he is called “the man anointed by the God of Jacob” and David’s last words begin with “The Spirit of the Lord spoke through me. . .”
In this oracle the Lord says through David in 23:3,
“When one rules over men in righteousness, when he rules in the fear of God, he is like the light of morning at sunrise on a cloudless morning, like the brightness after rain that brings the grass from the earth.”
to preach good news to the poor.
The Messiah’s mission will be to
preach the gospel.
“Good News” is the Hebrew word “basser” which is translated in the LXX as “euangelizomai” or which is the NT word for the good news or gospel.
The Good News is the communication of God’s victory over his enemies and the deliverance he has provided for people.
The Servant/Messiah will proclaim the success of his work in Isaiah 53 and 63:1-6 to the poor.
Who are the poor?
The poor is more than those who are
in poverty or the oppressed minorities.
The poor are anyone who will benefit from the Lord’s victory and the deliverance that follows.
Notice the sequence:
2. Spirit then comes on the Servant/Messiah
the Victory is the Servant/Messiah’s
4. Target audience of the Servant/Messiah is those who will benefit from His victory
He has sent me to bind up the brokenhearted,
While he is anointed only to preach or proclaim. (anointed only has the one indirect object “preach good news”)
“sent” has six indirect objects:
1) to bind. . .
a) bind up broken hearted
2) to proclaim. . .
b)proclaim freedom for the captives
c) proclaim release from darkness for prisoners
3) to proclaim. . .
d)proclaim the year of the Lord’s favor
e) proclaim the day of vengeance of our god
4) to comfort. . .
f) to comfort all who mourn
5) to provide. . .
g) provide for those who grieve
6) to bestow. . .
h) bestow a crown of glory
i) bestow oil of gladness
j) bestow garment of praise
The description of “sent” is what the Lord does when He “preaches good news”
The people who He is “sent” to are the “poor”
In 60:17 the climate of the city was described as:
a) gold for bronze
b)silver for iron
c) bronze for wood
d)iron for stone
Now concerning the people themselves there will be:
1) crown of beauty instead of ashes
i. instead of going about as mourners with ashes on their heads they will wear the headdress of a person at a party
2) oil of gladness instead of mourning
i. instead of having themselves soaked in tears and an attitude of sorrow they will be soaked in fine smelling oils with a disposition of joy
3) garment of praise instead of a spirit of despair
i. This garment may reflect a spirit of praise to the Lord
ii. This garment may cause observers to praise the one wearing it for having such a beautiful garment.
“Oaks of Righteousness” refer to:
a) people who are stable and permanent and productive because of the work the Lord has done in their lives
b) Trees here are a contrast to the trees in Isaiah 1:29-31. There the people had forsaken God and glorified themselves. Here they where like dead oaks whose leaves and wood burnt in the fire. Here the oaks remain because of right standing with God.
These are the people who have responded and been blessed by God
They will rebuild what was previously destroyed because of sin and rebellion
Former nations who oppressed
Obviously they will not be in a position
So these “aliens” are members of God’s people.
In this condition