These are basics of Christianity that had Jewish roots
Elementary Teachings (three sets of twos):
i. Self-righteous works in an attempt to earn salvation
ii. Sinful acts that come from the unregenerate heart
i. Christian baptism but the Greek word is plural
ii. Jewish washings which were many
iii. Both Jewish washings from the Old Testament and the New Testament counterpart, baptism. The instruction would have explained NT baptism in light of OT washings.
iv. Or the different baptisms in the NT:
1. John’s baptism of repentance (Acts 19:1-5)
2. Jesus’ baptism into the office of the Messiah
3. Christian baptism
4. Baptism with the Holy Spirit
5. Baptism into the body of Christ
In line with the
i. To commission someone for office
ii. Part of the sacrificial ritual
iii. Later Rabbis were ordained this way
i. Isaiah 26:19
ii. Daniel 12:2
“And God permitting we will do so.”
These next verses are some of the most disputed verses concerning proper interpretation in the entire NT.
1) in verses 5:11, 12 the author uses “you”
2) in 6:1 the author uses “us”
3) in 6:3 the author uses “we”
4) now in 6:4 the author switches to “those”
“If” clause that introduces verse 6 is important.
1. the conditional is expressed here in the Greek with the participle “parapesontas” or parapesontaV . This verb is used only here in the Greek NT.
2. it is aorist active participle and is conditional
3. parapesontaV means “to fall beside, to go astray, to miss. And refers to a falling away from an excepted standard
4. It came to mean “apostasy” in theology (see para - pesontaV)
5. The aorist tense means a complete falling away that has occurred after the enlightenment and the sharing of verses 6:4,5.
1) These verses are only teaching of a straw man. An impossible situation
2) These verses are speaking to any sin committed after baptism (Tertullian)
“It is impossible for those who have once been enlightened, who have tasted the heavenly gift, who have shared in the Holy Spirit, who have tasted the goodness of the word of God and the powers of the coming age,”
impossible for the ones once being enlightened and tasting of the
gift heavenly and sharers becoming
word powerful deeds of a coming age
απαξ “hapax” means “once for all” (9:7, 26’ 27’ 28; 10:2; 12:26, 27).
The Five Participles describing “those”:
“if they fall away to be brought back to repentance, because to their loss they are crucifying the Son of God all over again and subjecting him to public disgrace.”
and falling away again to renew to repentance
crucifying again for themselves the Son of God and
putting to open shame
“for themselves” from εαυτοις is the dative of advantage for themselves. This word indicates these individuals would be taking full responsibility for the disgrace.
παραδειγματιζοντας “to expose public, to make a public example of, to expose to disgrace”.
Linguistic Key says: “If the readers were to return again to Judaism, no possibility existed for them to begin their spiritual life anew. This would require a recrucifixion of Christ, putting Him to open shame. For this reason they must continue toward maturity despite the difficulties, problems, and persecutions that attend their walk.”
Basically Acts 3:12, “Salvation is found in no one else, for there is no other name under heaven given to men by which we must be saved.”
1) Calvin believed God kept the elect understood the tasting here as a partial experience and that the people of Hebrews did not respond to it. But no where are these verses talking about partial enlightenment.
2) This may speak of the unpardonable sin of Matthew 12. Many people would be concerned with having committed this “unforgivable sin”. If they sense guilt and desire to repent would not God accept them?
3) The writer does not indicate here or anywhere that his readers were in this position.
i. This then is a warning of potential
ii. This warning only views salvation from the human side
iii. Other places in the scripture indicate the divine involvement
1. Romans 8:35-39
4) The passage is stating the impossibility of the condition of repentance that is first referred to in verse 6:1. This is the initial state of entry into salvation. Once phase one is initiated it can not be redone. Once you are saved you can not go back and get saved again. You must simply continue the Christian walk and face the challenges and the hardships.
“Land that drinks in the rain often falling on it and that produces a crop useful to those for whom it is farmed receives the blessing of God.”
The Vineyard song of Isaiah 5:1-7
“But land that produces thorns and thistles is worthless and is in danger of being cursed. In the end it will be burned.”
“Even though we speak like this, dear friends, we are confident of better things in you case – things that accompany salvation.”