This is the third time the writer takes a break in the discussion of the book to warn the readers.
“We have much to say about this, but it is hard to explain because you are slow to learn.”
Concerning whom much to us the word and hard to interpret
to say since dull you have become hearings
“Whom” refers to Melchizedek and what his priesthood represented in relationship to Christ’s priesthood.
Jewish theologians were familiar with Melchizedek but not as concerned with him as with Aaron and the priesthood of Aaron.
Some of the Jewish thoughts concerning Melchizedek:
δυσερμήνευτος “dusermaneutos” means:
λέγω “lego” “to say” It is present indicative active
νωθρός “nothroi” denotes lazy or sluggish. They were lazy and sluggish in their hearings. This could easily become their level of understanding and living.
γίνομαι “ginomai” (perfect indicative active) is “have become” indicates this is not their natural state. The perfect shows it was a state or condition.
Spiritual Truths in Spiritual Words – First Corinthians 2:6
Do not neglect your gift – 1 Timothy 4:14
Fan into Flame – 2 Timothy 1:6
“In fact, though by this time you ought to be teachers, you need someone to teach you the elementary truths of God’s word all over again. You need milk, not solid food!”
For indeed owing to be teachers because of the time
again need you have to teach you someone
the rudiments of the beginnings of the oracles of
of God and you have become need having of milk and not of solid food
οφειλοντες “owe”, “to be obligated”, “one must”. Their spiritual obligation was to be teachers of the truth by this time.
διδασκαλοι “didaskaloi” is “teachers” This word for teachers is informal and does not necessarily mean a trained theologian. The Stoic and the Christian view of teaching was that anyone who had an understanding could share it with others.
στοιχεια “rudiments” “basic elements”
These believers understood spiritual truths at a very low, elementary level.
This is called “the beginnings of the oracles of God”. These would be the same as:
“Anyone who lives on milk being still an infant is not acquainted with the teaching about righteousness.”
Every For one partaking of milk without experience of the word of righteousness
an infant for he is
απειρος “apeiros” means unskilled, a person with out experience, untried, ignorant
“But solid food is for the mature, who by constant use have trained themselves to distinguish good from evil.”
of mature men but is the solid food of the because the condition the
faculties having been exercised having for distinction
of good both and of bad
τελειων “teleion” means perfect, mature and refers to those who should take on adult responsibilities.
εξιν “exin” “constant use” means it is a habit. It is the habit of body and mind indicating not the process but the result or the character. Physically it is the ability and condition gained by exercise.
αισθητηρια “faculties” or “senses” The word refers to the sense organ that produce sight, taste, smell sound. Here it is a reference to the “spiritual sense” organs. This is spiritual sensitivity.
γεγυμνασμενα “gegumnasmena” “constant use” means to exercise or train by exercise.
διακρισιν “distinguish, decide, make a judgment between two things.
The goal of spiritual training is to develop the spiritual sensitivity so you can discern between good and evil.
Romans 12:1 -2 – Renew your mind
1 Timothy 4:8 – Physical and spiritual training
“Therefore let us leave the elementary teachings about Christ and go on to maturity, not laying again the foundation of repentance from acts that lead to death, and of faith in God,”
“Instruction about baptisms, the laying on of hands, the resurrection of the dead, and eternal judgment.
“And God permitting, we will do so.”