“All these people” refer to Abraham, Sarah, Isaac.
They all died before they received the land and before they became a great nation.
Remember Hebrews 6:15 refers to the promise of the birth of Isaac and not to the promise of the land and the nation.
When did they admit they were aliens and strangers?
In Genesis 23:4 when Abraham bought
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Ma'arat HaMachpelah, The Cave of Machpelah in Hebron –
The building over the tomb is truly amazing in
its dimensions, complexity and antiquity. Huge walls built by Herod the Great
2,000 years ago surround it, while the interior is a combination of medieval
architecture, Arabesque décor from later centuries, and synagogues founded
after the reestablishment of the Jewish community here following the 1967 Six
Day War. In one corner of the largest
hall, with its house-like tomb markers for Isaac and Rebecca, a cupola stands
over a small opening into the actual
“Homeland” is “patrida” and means literally “fatherland” and refers to the land you originated from and where you belong.
If Abraham had understood the full
meaning of the Promised Land as being the
If Abraham considered the land of
the Chaldeans as his “patrida”
(homeland) he could have turned around and went back to
The point of all these verse is to
establish the fact that Abraham lived and died in faith without receiving the
promise. It was not
Abraham’s faith was more than a simple statement or passive tenet of belief.
Abraham’s faith affected the way he lived and acted in his life here in time.
For example, Abraham offered his son on an altar.
But more, it was the son through which God said the promises would come.
“Tested” is the word “peirazomenos” means to try, to examine, to test.
“as a sacrifice” is “prosphero” in the perfect tense meaning “has offered up” and refers to the completed action that has lingering effects or leaves an ongoing result of condition. This speaks of:
1. The act being done in Abraham’s fully committed mind
2. The complete results of Abraham’s actions
3. The continued record of Abraham’s faith and actions.
“about to sacrifice” is the same word “prosphero” but in the aorist tense conveys the point of action meaning the action is viewed as one-time action in the time it occurred. It could be translated “was offering”.
“one and only” is the translation of the word “monogenes”. It means unique, only one of the kind”. It can also mean generally “only” but in this case Isaac is clearly not Abraham’s “only” son when you consider Ishmael and Keturah’s sons. “Monogenes” is the same word used in John 3:16.
Was this the kind of faith Jesus was expecting in Luke 8:22-25. What should the disciples have done? –
The references to Isaac, Jacob and Joseph are focused on their vision of “Things yet to Come.”
11:20 - Isaac
“blessed Jacob and Esau in regard to their future”
Nothing is said about Isaac being bound on the altar.
Nothing is said about Isaac being deceived by Jacob.
Isaac had received the promise of God through Abraham and God had confirmed it after Abraham’s death in Genesis 26:2-6
Isaac blessed Jacob and then confirmed that blessing in Gen. 27:33
Jacob also spoke to Esau about his future. Esau would not have the rich produce of the
land but will live as a predator by maintaining his existence by war and
plunder. Yet, Esau will never conquer
his brother Jacob. Esau (
11:21 - Jacob
“when he was dying”
11:22 – Joseph
“when his end was near” (Genesis 50:24)
a. Like Jacob, Joseph wanted to be buried in the Promised Land.
b. Exodus 13:19
c. Joshua 24:32
Much could be said of Joseph’s faith and character but the focus here remains on the continuation of the promise that was not received.