Genesis 10 and 11 – an
is no parallel to these chapters in antiquity
verses are used again in 1 Chronicles 1:4-23
nation is the divine answer to man’s problem concerning nations in darkness
mankind over the earth was not God’s punishment to destroy but God’s discipline
to preserve mankind
Words in Chapter 10 and 11:
- territories/earth = “eres” (10:5, 20, 31-32; 11:1, 8-9)
- language = “leson” (10:5, 20-21), “sapa”
- dispersion of people
with words like:
- spread = “parad” (10:5, 32)
- scattered = “pus”
(10:18; 11:1, 9)
- divided = “palag” (10:25)
- Babylon, Shinar (10:10; 11:1, 9)
- Eastern, eastward = “qedem” (10:30; 11:1)
- Building of cities
(10:11-12; 11:4-5, 8)
- Japheth in verse 2
ends with “territories, language, clans and nation in verse 5.
- Ham in verse 6 and
ends with “clans, language, territories, nations
in verse 20.
- Shem in verse 21 and
ends with “clans, language, territories, nations in verse 31.
- Shem is the oldest
and the promised seed will come through his line.
- Japheth is the
youngest and the one whose people move north and west out of the Bible
- Ham is the middle
child and his family account is given right before Shem’s since Ham’s descendents
will have the most interaction with Shem
has 14 nations
has 30 nations
has 26 nations
is a total of 70 nations
elders represent Israel on Mt. Sinai
(Ex. 24:9; Num. 11:24)
disciples were sent out by Jesus (Luke 10:1-16)
Genesis 12 Abram is called to bless the nations
Acts 1:8 the apostles are told they will go to the ends of the earth
Acts 2:5-11 there were people from every nation under heaven in Jerusalem on the day of
Contrasts at the Tower
- Unity empowered them
but their partnership caused God to end their endeavors.
- They feared they
would be scattered and rebelled but when God came down their greatest fear was
- Their goal was to
reach to heaven (absolute power) but this caused God in heaven to come
down. They were left with so little
power they could not finish the city and tower.
- They sought a “name”
and were called mockingly “Babel”
- They refused to obey
but were forced by God to comply.