This First Passover
and the First Cleansing of the
Second cleansing of the temple at the fourth and final Passover is recorded in:
Matthew 21:12-13; Mark 11:5-1; Luke 19:45-46
“Passover of the Jews” or “Jewish Passover” indicates a non-Jewish audience was reading this book and supports the later date (85 AD)
Selling of animals for the sacrifices had become a way of
making money of the Jews who traveled to
Malachi 3:1-3 “See, I will send my messenger, who will prepare the way before me. Then suddenly the Lord you are seeking will come to his temple; the messenger of the covenant, whom you desire, will come.’ says the Lord Almighty.”
Zechariah 14:21 there will no longer be a Canaanite in the house of the Lord
The Greek masculine plural pantas ("all") argues for Jesus driving the traders out, not just the animals, which the neuter plural panta would identify.
Schoinion ("cords") elsewhere describes the ropes on a ship (Acts 27:32).
Obviously it was not physical force that caused the reaction as much as his presence and moral force.
Jesus claims to be God.
Jesus acts with authority in the house of God
1-4 the suffering of his soul
21 the gall and vinegar at the cross
8 separation from the people
A miraculous sign was asked for several other times:
1) Matthew 12:38
2) Matthew 16:1 and Mark 8:1
3) Luke 11:16
The resurrection will be their sign.