61 AD from Rome in Paul’s rented house while under guard.  Not in the dungeon like 2 Timothy



Thank them for the gift


The Book also tells them:

About his situation

Encourage them in their own persecution

Stresses the importance of humility and unity

Warn against

            a) Judaizers—legalists

            b) Antinomians– free sinners



The City

Located on Via Egnatia

To south was the Gangites River where Paul first met Lydia


After the Battle of Philippi in 42 BC Anthony ordered some Roman soldiers to settle in Philippi.

In 30 AD Octavian forced some Italians to give up their homes and go live in Philippi.

Roman soldiers from the Legions settle in Philippi.  They were given land to settle in Philippi and retire.

The city grew and filled with retired Roman soldiers.

These citizens where given the “Italic right”.  This meant that the citizens of Philippi where treated as if they    where on soil in Rome it self.

The city obtained the highest Roman honor for a city.  Philippi received the standing of ius Italicum.

This gives new meaning to Paul’s words in

            Phil. 1:27— “conduct yourselves” is   politeuesthe” (present imperative middle)   means “to be a citizen, to conduct oneself as a citizen.  Paul is alluding to the fact that the city of Philippi had the Roman staus of colonia, which meant that the city was a mini-Rome with many Latin inscriptions.” (Linguistic Key)

            Phil. 3:20— “citizenship” “politeuma” (noun)  means “citizenship.  The word means either the state, the constitution , to which as citizens we belong, or the functions which as citizens we perform” (Linguistic Key)

Very few Jews there.  Too few to have a synagogue.  Thus, the god-fearing women had been meeting at the River.


1:6—Ephesians 5:25-27,

1:9—love abounds with knowledge and insight

1:10—discern God’s will “what is best”

            - pure and blameless until the day

1:11—filled with fruit from Christ


1:13—Paul’s crime is clear—he follows Jesus.  This got the gospel some attention and discussion

1:14—because everyone is talking about it believers are responding and answering questions

1:17—some are competing with Paul, but are still advancing the gospel


1:26—Paul is convinced he will be delivered to continue

1:27—Conduct yourself in this colony of earth according to our standard of life in heaven—conduct not wealth.

Qualities of an Ambassador:      2 Corinthians 5:20


I.  Ambassadors do not appoint themselves. Appointed by Christ.

II. An ambassador does not support himself. God supplies all our needs. (Ephesians 1:3; Philippians 4:19)

III. An ambassador is not a citizen of the country where he is sent.  We are citizens of heaven.  (Philippians 3:20)

IV. An ambassador has instruction in written form.  We have the Bible. (2 Timothy 3:16)

V. An ambassador cannot take insults personally; he is accepted or rejected not on his own merit but because of who he represents (John 15:19-21)

VI. An ambassador does not enter a country to profit himself  (2 Corinthians 5:15)

VII. An ambassador is a personal representative of someone else; everything he does and says reflects on the one who sent him.                                          (John 13:35; 17:18-23; 20:21)

VII. An ambassador’s perspective is service; his prospect is reward. (Matthew 5:12; 2 John 8; Revelation 22:12)

IX. An ambassador is recalled when war is declared. (2 Thes 2:1-12)




Lilke minded

Same love

One in spirit

One in purpose

Avoid selfish ambition

Aviod vain conceit

Act in humility

Consider others better

Look to the interest of others


2:5-11   Attitude should be like Christ

being” already existed.  The word is not eimi “ I am” but is “hyparchon” “to be, to exist, and which means an uninterrupted existence

very nature” is morphe means that which is essentially and intrinsic to a thing

1:7 “made himself nothing” aorist indicative active of kenos “to empty , to make empty, to make of no effect.       The word does not mean He emptied Himself of His deity, but rather He emptied Himself of the display of His deity for personal gain.”

very nature” morphe

likeness” is omoiwma and is a phrase that expresses the fact that His mode of manifestation resembled what men are.  He appeared to be a man.  John tells us, as does Paul, he was a man.

he humbled himself” means his ministry was self imposed.  He restricted himself to fulfill God’s plan.  Humility and service begins in the mind.

Exalted from the lowest place to the highest



2:12 Work out your salvation

2:19-30—Commends two men to serve them: Timothy and Epaphroditus

3:1—Appears to begin a closing