word "millennium" is not in scripture but a period of 1,000 years is
mentioned 6 times in Rev. 20.
2. Beginning in the 200's AD theology split into three opinions:
a. amillennialism - we are in the millennium now
b. postmillennialism - it will come to pass in the future before Christ returns
c. premillennialism - Christ must return first before this kingdom can come.
3. Church historians agree that premillennialism was the view of the early church. It is the oldest view and is also called Chiliasm /kil- e-az-em/ from the Greek word "chilias" meaning 1,000.
4. Premillenialism reads the Bible more literally than the others.
5. Premillenialism sees
6. Premillenialism teaches there will be a return of
7. Amillennialism originated in the thinking of Augustine and Origen. The Roman church embraced these two teachers and thus have held to the amillennial view.
a. The age between the first and second coming is the millennium.
b. Supporters are divided whether the millennium is happening now or will begin sometime during this age.
c. The eternal state follows this age. In other words, in amillenialism there is no millennium. ("a" means "without", "not", "un-".
d. If this view is true then the kingdom promises need to be interpreted so as to reach fulfillment in this age. Or, the promises are only fulfilled in heaven in a spiritual sense and can not be interpreted literally.
e. Most believe in a literal return of Christ.
8. Why is amillenialism accepted:
a. It is inclusive and accepts liberal protestants, conservative protestants and Roman Catholics
b. Second oldest view dating back to 250 AD
c. Since it was accepted by the reformers it appears to have a stamp of orthodoxy.
d. It bends to fit the modern view of a visible, socially active church.
e. It is simple with one resurrection, one judgment and little need for theological development from scripture.
f. Fits with "spiritual interpretation" and not literal.
9. Why is amillenialism dangerous:
a. Spiritualizing scripture would destroy other areas of theology such as the study of salvation, the study of angels, the study of sin, the study of the Holy Spirit. It is bad hermeneutics.
b. The practice of spiritualizing eschatology is not applied consistently. It is only applied in areas that they do not want to develop.
c. This theology is a result of fitting the verse to meet the need than true exegesis.
d. Amillenialism did not develop because of scriptural study, but because of the neglect of study.
10. Postmillennialism originated from Daniel Whitby (1638-1726) who was a Unitarian that believed that the present age would end with a period of great spiritual blessings in fulfillment of the millennial promises.
a. The whole world will be Christianized and brought into submission to the gospel before Christ returns.
b. Augustine also believed that Christ would return after the millennium.
c. This view obviously began to lose support after WWI and WWII.
d. Those who accept postmillennialism are those who either, (1) find the OT prophecies of a kingdom of peace and righteousness fulfilled on earth and those who have a very optimistic opinion of the success of the church on the earth.
e. Postmillinialism has been commonly abandoned leaving the debate between a- and pre-.
11. Premillenialism is more than a view of eschatology. It has become a system of theology based on:
a) the belief in the authority of scripture,
b) in the literal interpretation of scripture,
c) an understanding that the ordinary believer can understand scripture.
12. Those opposed to premillenialism include the liberals who do not accept the authority of scripture, the Catholics who do not accept the literal interpretation
13. The importance of a millennial view can easily be seen as it relates to your view of the present age. Are you:
a) currently in the millennium?
b) striving each day to bring about the millennium and conqueror the earth through the church?
c) living as a servant of God in hope and anticipation of Christ's return and his millennium?
14. J. Dwight Pentecost says, "A larger body of prophetic Scripture is devoted to the subject of the millennium, developing its character and conditions, than any other one subject." (p. 476, "Things to Come")
15. The millennium will be an age in which the purposes of God are fully realized on the earth.
16. The Millennium will be the fulfillment of all the unconditional covenants:
a) Abrahamic Covenant which include the land and the seed
Ezekiel 34:24, 30, 31
b) The Davidic covenant that include the promises concerning the king, the throne, and the royal house are fulfilled by Messiah in the millennial age.
c) Palestinic Covenant concerning the possession of the land are fulfilled in the millennium.
d) New Covenant which is the promise of a new heart, the forgiveness of sin, the filling of the Spirit in the converted nation
17. Relation of Satan to the Millennium
a. Satan is the god of this age in 2 Corinthians 4:4.
b. The millennial age is a display of divine righteousness.
c. The millennium is the final test of fallen humanity.
d. All outside sources of temptation will be removed. God will display his righteousness. Man will have no outward temptation
18. Christ in the Millennium
a. The curse will be removed; death will be overcome; evils of nature removed; blessings obtained; the fallen house of David and of the temple restored. For this to occur the Lord must reign.
b. The names applied to Christ refer to the millennium:
1) Some names indicate the one reigning in the millennium is God himself: Lord of Host, thy God, the Lord our righteousness, the Ancient of Days, the Most High, the Son of God, Jehovah. This makes the millennium a theocracy.
2) Some names indicate he is human: the rod of Jesse, the Son of man, the servant, the Tender Plant. As a man he has the right to be their ruler.
3) Some names designate his royal authority: the King, the judge, the Lawgiver, Messiah the Prince. He has the right to the throne.
4) The work of this King is to bring salvation to the people: the Redeemer, the Sun of Righteousness, the Wall Breaker, the Shepherd, the Lord our righteousness, the Stone, the Light.
5) When the Messiah returns he is seen as: the son of Abraham, the son of David, the Son of man, the King, God the Son, the Redeemer, the judge, the Rewarder of the Saints, Teacher, Prophet, Lawgiver, Shepherd.
6) The Messiah’s divine glory will be seen: omnipotence, receives worship, omniscience, mercy, goodness, holiness
19. The conditions of the Millennium
20. The Government
Government will be a theocracy
Messiah will be the king
David is a
regent under the Messiah and rules
Nobles and governors will reign under David (Isaiah 32:1, Ezekiel 45:8-9
Many lesser authorities will rule Luke 19:12-28; Zech. 3:7
Judges will be raised up
21. Nature of the Reign
Inflexible righteousness and justice
Fullness of the spirit
Punish sin—Ps. 2:9; 72:1-4; Isa. 29:20-21; 65:20; 66:24; Zech. 14:16-21