2 Peter



Criticism of the authenticity is based on these basic observations:

1)    The difference in style for 1 Peter

2)    The assumption that the author of 1 Peter used the book of Jude

3)    The reference to Paul’s letters being considered “scripture” gives it the appearance of a latter date when Paul’s letters where being collected.

4)    The author’s concern for defending the delay in the Lord’s return.


The different style would depend on the fact that 1 Peter was written down by Silas (1 Pt. 5:12) and that 2 Peter may have been written down by Peter alone in a prison in Rome.

It is not likely that Peter, a chosen apostle of the Lamb, would have to depend on Jude for information to write about. Jude does have a later date (70-80 AD) of writing then Second Peter.

Peter’s reference to Paul’s writings does not need to mean they had been collected as a body of canonized material as they are now, but that Paul’s writings contained a revelation from God that had not previously been revealed. Paul himself addressed this issue:       

            “Surely you have heard about the administration of God’s grace that was given to me for you, that is, the mystery made known to      me by revelation, as I have already written     briefly. In reading this, then, you will be able to understand my insight into the          mystery of Christ, which was not made known to men in other generations as it has now been revealed by the Spirit to God’s holy       apostles and prophets.”             Ephesians 3:2-5

            “I have become its servant by the commission God gave me to present to you the word of God in its fullness – the mystery that has            been dept hidden f  or ages and generations, but is now disclosed to the saints.”                                                   Colossians 1:25

Paul, himself, believed he was writing “scripture.” Peter simply recognized this fact. 

Concerning his attack against those who said that the Lord had delayed his return or was not coming back at all need not be any later than the days of the apostles. In fact, it had already been longer then the apostles had originally assumed (Acts 1). Peter is really speaking of the future days of the church when he says “you must understand that in the last days scoffers will come, scoffing and following their own evil desires. They will say, ‘Where is this coming he promised.’ ” (2 Peter 3:3,4)

Peter claims to have been an eyewitness of the transfiguration in 1:16-18 (Mt. 17:1-5)

Peter was personally acquainted with Paul as indicated by “our dear brother Paul.” (3:15


This was Peter’s goodbye address. The church historian, Eusebius, records Peter’s death in Rome during Nero’s persecution that began in 64 AD. It is assumed to have been written about 67 AD. This is the same year that Paul’s farewell, Second Timothy, was written.


The recipients were apparently the same as First Peter since Peter calls this his “second letter to you.” (2 Pt.3:1) This would be “Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia, Bithynia (1 Pt.1:1) 

Peter writes, “Bear in mind that our Lord’s patience means salvation, just as our dear brother             Paul also wrote you with the wisdom that God gave him.” This reference indicates that    these people had received a letter from Paul. Paul’s book of Galatia was addressed to    some of them. The reference to “our Lord’s patience” is not the typical theme of the     Galatian letter. This indicates undoubtedly, that there were other letters written by Paul            that we do not have copies of.


Peter was a pastor.

Peter was a defender of orthodox theology.


Peter final letter is to “remind you of these things:”

1)    How to grow into Christian maturity

2)    Warn of the present and future threat of false teachers


Topics of the Second Peter


1. The Christian’s Nature: The Work of God                       1:3-11

2. The Christian’s Nurture: The Word of God                     1:12-21

3. The Christian’s Warfare: The Attack of False Teachers    2:1-22

4. The Christian’s Hope: The Lord’s Return                        3:1-16




  1. The Development of Faith (1:3-21)
    1. The Growth of Faith (1:3-11)
    2. The Ground of Faith (1:12-21)
  2. The Denouncing of False Teachers (2:1-22)
    1. The Conduct of False Teachers (2:1-3)
    2. The Condemnation of False Teachers (2:4-10)
    3. The Character of False Teachers (2:10-22)
  1. The Future and the Lord’s Return ( 3:1-18)
    1. Mocking the Return (3:1-7)
    2. The Reason of the Delay (3:8-9)
    3. Details of the End (3:10-13)
    4. Application of this truth to our lives today (3:14-18)