Criticism of the authenticity is based on these basic observations:
1) The difference in style for 1 Peter
2) The assumption that the author of 1 Peter used the book of Jude
3) The reference to Paul’s letters being considered “scripture” gives it the appearance of a latter date when Paul’s letters where being collected.
4) The author’s concern for defending the delay in the Lord’s return.
The different style would depend on the fact that 1
Peter was written down by Silas (1 Pt. 5:12) and that 2 Peter may have been
written down by Peter alone in a prison in
It is not likely that Peter, a chosen apostle of the Lamb, would have to depend on Jude for information to write about. Jude does have a later date (70-80 AD) of writing then Second Peter.
Peter’s reference to Paul’s writings does not need to mean they had been collected as a body of canonized material as they are now, but that Paul’s writings contained a revelation from God that had not previously been revealed. Paul himself addressed this issue:
“Surely you have heard about the administration of God’s grace that was given to me for you, that is, the mystery made known to me by revelation, as I have already written briefly. In reading this, then, you will be able to understand my insight into the mystery of Christ, which was not made known to men in other generations as it has now been revealed by the Spirit to God’s holy apostles and prophets.” Ephesians 3:2-5
“I have become its servant by the commission God gave me to present to you the word of God in its fullness – the mystery that has been dept hidden f or ages and generations, but is now disclosed to the saints.” Colossians 1:25
Paul, himself, believed he was writing “scripture.” Peter simply recognized this fact.
Concerning his attack against those who said that the Lord had delayed his return or was not coming back at all need not be any later than the days of the apostles. In fact, it had already been longer then the apostles had originally assumed (Acts 1). Peter is really speaking of the future days of the church when he says “you must understand that in the last days scoffers will come, scoffing and following their own evil desires. They will say, ‘Where is this coming he promised.’ ” (2 Peter 3:3,4)
Peter claims to have been an eyewitness of the transfiguration in 1:16-18 (Mt. 17:1-5)
Peter was personally acquainted with Paul as indicated by “our dear brother Paul.” (3:15
was Peter’s goodbye address. The church historian, Eusebius, records Peter’s
The recipients were apparently the same as First
Peter since Peter calls this his “second letter to you.” (2 Pt.3:1) This would
Peter writes, “Bear in mind that our Lord’s patience
means salvation, just as our dear brother
Paul also wrote you with the wisdom that God gave him.” This reference
indicates that these people had received a letter from Paul.
Paul’s book of
Peter was a pastor.
Peter was a defender of orthodox theology.
Peter final letter is to “remind you of these things:”
1) How to grow into Christian maturity
2) Warn of the present and future threat of false teachers
1. The Christian’s Nature: The Work of God 1:3-11
2. The Christian’s Nurture: The Word of God 1:12-21
3. The Christian’s Warfare: The Attack of False Teachers 2:1-22