4:11 - It was he who gave some to be apostles, some to be prophets, some to be evangelists, and some to be pastors and teachers,
4:12 to prepare [katartismos] God's people for works of service so that the body of Christ may be built [oikodoma] up
Three purposes listed here that are to be the result of the five gifts from verse 11:
1. PREPARE SAINTS - "To ["pros"] prepare God's people" - Other translations: "to equip the saints", "for perfecting of the saints", "to fit his people", "in order to fully equip", "in order to get his holy people ready", "that Christians might be properly equipped"
2. SAINTS PERFORM - "For ["eis"] works of service" - Other translations: "for the work of the ministry", " for their service", "to labor in their appointed service", "for the work of serving", "ready to serve as workers",
3. CHURCH IS BUILT - "So that ["eis"] the body of Christ may be built up" - Other translations: "for building up the body of Christ", "for the edifying of the body of Christ"
"kartartismos" is only used here in the Greek NT. It means 'perfecting', 'equipping", "qualification", The word was a medical technical term for the setting of a bone. The noun describes the dynamic act by which persons or things are properly conditioned. The verb form of this word is used in these ways:
"ergon" or 'work' as in 'ergon diadonias' (works of ministry). The work is an ongoing activity.
"oikodoma" - means 'building', 'building up', edification'. The word is an expression of development.
The resurrected Messiah has given his word to the apostle, prophet, evangelist, shepherd and teacher to declare to the people of God so that the community of Christ will be built.
1 Corinthians 12:4, 5, 6, Mentions "gifts" [charismaton], "service" [diakonion] and "working" [energamaton]
Both the concept of size and development are seen here:
4:13 - until we all reach unity in the faith and in the knowledge of the Son of God and become mature, attaining to the whole measure of the fullness of Christ.
4:14 - Then we will no longer be infants, tossed back and forth by the waves, and blown here and there by every wind of teaching and by the cunning and craftiness of men in their deceitful scheming.
4:15 - Instead, speaking the truth in love, we will in all things grow up into him who is the head, that is, Christ.
4:16 - From him the whole body, joined and held together by every supporting ligament, grows and builds itself up in love, as each part does its work.