Darius was made rule of
The year is 539 or 538
Daniel was taken captive in 605, so he is 80+ years old. This is 12 years after the
vision recorded in chapter 8.
“Scriptures” or literally “writings” which were considered sacred and the word of God.
This indicates there was an identifiable set of books that the Jews considered
inspired including Jeremiah’s.
“Word of the Lord given to Jeremiah” = verbal inspiration. The prophecies were the very
Word of God.
completely fill up the desolations of
“seventy years” from Jeremiah 25:11-12 and Jeremiah 29:10.
Jeremiah 25:11 was given by Jeremiah in 605 BC (Jer. 25:1) the same year as
605 – 70 = 535 (If you count 605 as a year it is now 536 which is the year the
foundation for the
Ezra 1:1-2 is Cyrus’ words in 538 so it took about 18-24 months for the people to
Get organized, leave, travel, settle and begin to lay the foundation
destruction of the
586 – 70 = 516 (which is the year
“I understood” indicates in the first year of Darius that Daniel “understood”
Daniel uses the name YHWH for the first time in 9:2 and uses it again in 4,10,13,14,20
The Prayer (Daniel 9:3) –
Daniel knows God is sovereign but he also realizes the importance of this prayer and confession of national sin.
Note: Revelation 22:20 “Yes, come, Lord Jesus.”
Fasting = concern for God, his word, understanding, focus
Sackcloth and Ashes = expressions of humility and need before God
YHWH = LORD in NIV – the
covenant God of Israel, the personal God who loves
Adonai = Lord in NIV – the master, the lord, the owner, the ruler
Elohim = God in NIV – the general name for God
Daniel uses scripture in his prayer. Noticably from Deuteronomy, Solomon’s prayer in
1 Kings 8 and Jeremiah
Prayer Outline of Daniel:
The basic pattern is praise, confession and request.
“Prayed” is in the emphatic position in the Hebrew meaning it was fervent and focused
“My God” states openly who Daniel is worshipping and trusting.
Nabonidus followed Nebo
Nebuchadnezzer followed Marduk
Daniel has choosen YHWH
The Recognition of God’s Person – Adoration, Praise: