11:36 - The king will do as he pleases. He will exalt and magnify himself above every god and will say unheard-of things against the God of gods. He will be successful until the time of wrath is completed, for what has been determined must take place.
AE IV worshipped
Zeus in the
AE IV died in
- The person being described here is a different king than AE IV. This constant switching from one king to the next king is typical of chapter 11.
- These events take place “at the time of the end” according to 11:40. This is called a “time of distress” in 12:1 and “distress” (or, tribulation” by Jesus in Matt. 24:21. This time occurs immediately before the second coming of Jesus (matt. 24:29-31 and Rev. 7:14)
- The resurrection of the saints occurs immediately after the people are delivered from this king’s power.
- Notice: 11:36-39 seem to be introducing the king for the first time. If this was AE VI then we already know about him from verses 11:21-33
- These are more details concerning the “little horn” of Daniel 7 and “the ruler who will come” from Daniel 9:26. 2 Thess. 2:3-12 also describes this man as does Revelation chapter 11-20.
- Men such as Chrysostom and Jerome agreed that this was the AC. The traditional understanding of the church is that this is the AC
- The AC character is described in 11:36-39
- The AC wars are described in 11:40-45
“do as he pleases” has been used to refer to:
AC will believe he can not be defeated because of his charisma, intellect, trickery and political power.
Other verses describing AC’s religion – 2 Thes.2:4; Rev. 13:6
AC will use religion to gain power – Rev. 17
“Unheard of things” = extraordinary, astonishing, shocking, uknbelievabel things
AC speaks blasphemous words against Jesus – Dan. 7:8, 11, 20, 25 and 2 Thes. 2:4,; Rev. 13:5-6
“Time of wrath” is one Hebrew word “za’am” and speaks of God’s wrath in Isaiah 10:25; 26:20; 30:27 and Mal. 1:4
11:37- He will show no regard for the gods of his fathers or for the one desired by women, nor will he regard any god, but will exalt himself above them all.
- AC will reject whatever his ancestors’ religion was: If it was Christian he might be Muslim. If it was Judaism he might be atheist.
If he comes from
ancient Roman territory he would most likely be rejecting Christianity (
- “the one desired by women” is literally
o “the desire of women or
o “that desired by women or
o “the desire for women.”
- the one desired by women could be a reference to the Messiah
- The emphasis is he rejects all gods but himself. He rejects the god of his people and even the Messiah himself.
11:38 - Instead of them, he will honor a god of fortresses; a god unknown to his fathers he will honor with gold and silver, with precious stones and costly gifts.
- “god of fortress” – or military might and power. He will only honor war and believes war and military are the way to bring his views or “religion” to the world.
- His ancestors were not people of war, but he will be.
- All his wealth and offerings will be devoted to weapons and military spending
11:39 - He will attack the mightiest fortresses with the help of a foreign god and will greatly honor those who acknowledge him. He will make them rulers over many people and will distribute the land at a price.
- “foreign god” again means a new god that was not known to his ancestors, nor was it known in Daniel’s day.
- Rev. 13:4 “Who is like the beast? Who can make war against him?
- Rewards to those who submit to him
11:40 - At the time of the end the king of the South will engage him in battle, and the king of the North will storm out against him with chariots and cavalry and a great fleet of ships. He will invade many countries and sweep through them like a flood.
describe the final battles of history as we know it. The AC will die in
The AC is now
said to be the King of the North which would be
The AC will
retaliate against this invasion and invade many countries including
- This may be the battle of Armageddon in Rev. 16:16
11:41 - He will also invade
11:42 - He will extend his
power over many countries;
11:43 - He will gain control
of the treasures of gold and silver and all the riches of
11:44 - But reports from the east and the north will alarm him, and he will set out in a great rage to destroy and annihilate many.
- Sheep nations from the North and East will come to fight AC, thus setting up Zech. 14 “all nations”
AC will respond
by going back to
- Rev. 9:13-19 is an angelic invasion
Rev. 16:12 and
the dried up
11:45 - He will pitch his royal tents between the seas at the beautiful holy mountain. Yet he will come to his end, and no one will help him.
The AC will meet
his end in
- Daniel 7:11, 26-27 the little horn is judged when Jesus returns.
- 2 Thes. 2:8
- Rev. 19:20